Home
Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
CSB Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Close
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:

facebooktwitter

googlepluspinterest

reddittumblrlinkedin


Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:

facebooktwitter

pinterestgoogle+


Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
 
 
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow
 [?]

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

LexiConc
 [?]
 

Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
 [?]
 
Multi-Verse Retrieval
x
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
 
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect
x

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals
x

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans
x

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Isaiah 66

toggle collapse

The Book of the Prophet Isaiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET

CHAPTER 66

Isa 66:1-24. THE HUMBLE COMFORTED, THE UNGODLY CONDEMNED, AT THE LORD'S APPEARING: JERUSALEM MADE A JOY ON EARTH.

      This closing chapter is the summary of Isaiah's prophecies as to the last days, hence the similarity of its sentiments with what went before.

      1. heaven. . . throne. . . where is. . . house. . . ye build--The same sentiment is expressed, as a precautionary proviso for the majesty of God in deigning to own any earthly temple as His, as if He could be circumscribed by space ( 1Ki 8:27 ) in inaugurating the temple of stone; next, as to the temple of the Holy Ghost ( Act 7:48, 49 ); lastly here, as to "the tabernacle of God with men" ( Isa 2:2, 3 Eze 43:4, 7 Rev 21:3 ).
      where--rather, "what is this house that ye are building, &c.--what place is this for My rest?" [VITRINGA].

      2. have been--namely, made by Me. Or, absolutely, were things made; and therefore belong to Me, the Creator [JEROME].
      look--have regard.
      poor--humble ( Isa 57:15 ).
      trembleth at. . . word-- ( 2Ki 22:11, 19 Ezr 9:4 ). The spiritual temple of the heart, though not superseding the outward place of worship, is God's favorite dwelling ( Jhn 14:23 ). In the final state in heaven there shall be "no temple," but "the Lord God" Himself ( Rev 21:22 ).

      3. God loathes even the sacrifices of the wicked ( Isa 1:11 Pro 15:8 28:9 ).
      is as if--LOWTH not so well omits these words: "He that killeth an ox (presently after) murders a man" (as in Eze 23:39 ). But the omission in the Hebrew of "is as if"--increases the force of the comparison. Human victims were often offered by the heathen.
      dog's neck--an abomination according to the Jewish law ( Deu 23:18 ); perhaps made so, because dogs were venerated in Egypt. He does not honor this abomination by using the word "sacrifice," but uses the degrading term, "cut off a dog's neck" ( Exd 13:13 34:20 ). Dogs as unclean are associated with swine ( Mat 7:6 2Pe 2:22 ).
      oblation--unbloody: in antithesis to "swine's blood" ( Isa 65:4 ).
      burneth--Hebrew, "he who offereth as a memorial oblation" ( Lev 2:2 ).
      they have chosen--opposed to the two first clauses of Isa 66:4 : "as they have chosen their own ways, &c., so I will choose their delusions.

      4. delusions-- ( 2Th 2:11 ), answering to "their own ways" ( Isa 66:3; so Pro 1:31 ). However, the Hebrew means rather "vexations," "calamities," which also the parallelism to "fears" requires; "choose their calamities" means, "choose the calamities which they thought to escape by their own ways."
      their fears--the things they feared, to avert which their idolatrous "abominations" ( Isa 66:3 ) were practised.
      I called. . . none. . . answer--(See on JF & B for Isa 65:12; JF & B for Isa 65:24; JF & B for Jer 7:13).
      did. . . chose--not only did the evil deed, but did it deliberately as a matter of choice ( Rom 1:32 ). "They chose that in which I delighted not"; therefore, "I will choose" that in which they delight not, the "calamities" and "fears" which they were most anxious to avert.
      before mine eyes--(See on JF & B for Isa 65:3).

      5. tremble at. . . word--the same persons as in Isa 66:2, the believing few among the Jews.
      cast you out for my name's sake--excommunicate, as if too polluted to worship with them ( Isa 65:5 ). So in Christ's first sojourn on earth ( Mat 10:22 Jhn 9:22, 34 16:2 15:21 ). So it shall be again in the last times, when the believing shall be few ( Luk 18:8 ).
      Let the Lord be glorified--the mocking challenge of the persecutors, as if their violence towards you was from zeal for God. "Let the Lord show Himself glorious," namely, by manifesting Himself in your behalf; as the parallelism to, "He shall appear to your joy," requires (as in Isa 5:19; compare Isa 28:15 57:4 ). So again Christ on the cross ( Mat 27:42, 43 ).
      appear to your joy--giving you "joy" instead of your "rebuke" ( Isa 25:8, 9 ).

      6. God, from Jerusalem and His "temple," shall take vengeance on the enemy ( Eze 43:1-8 Zec 12:2, 3 14:3, 19-21 ). The abrupt language of this verse marks the suddenness with which God destroys the hostile Gentile host outside: as Isa 66:5 refers to the confounding of the unbelieving Jews.
      voice of noise--that is, the Lord's loud-sounding voice ( Psa 68:33 29:3-9 1Th 4:16 ).

      7. she--Zion.
      Before. . . travailed. . . brought forth--The accession of numbers, and of prosperity to her, shall be sudden beyond all expectation and unattended with painful effort ( Isa 54:1, 4, 5 ). Contrast with this case of the future Jewish Church the travail-pains of the Christian Church in bringing forth "a man child" ( Rev 12:2, 5 ). A man child's birth is in the East a matter of special joy, while that of a female is not so; therefore, it here means the manly sons of the restored Jewish Church, the singular being used collectively for the plural: or the many sons being regarded as one under Messiah, who shall then be manifested as their one representative Head.

      8. earth--rather, to suit the parallelism, "is a country (put for the people in it) brought forth in one day?" [LOWTH]. In English Version it means, The earth brings forth its productions gradually, not in one day ( Mar 4:28 ).
      at once--In this case, contrary to the usual growth of the nations by degrees, Israel starts into maturity at once.
      for--rather, "is a nation born at once, that Zion has, so soon as she travailed, brought forth?" [MAURER].

      9. cause to bring forth, and shut--rather, "Shall I who beget, restrain the birth?" [LOWTH], ( Isa 37:3 Hsa 13:13 ); that is, Shall I who have begun, not finish My work of restoring Israel? ( 1Sa 3:12 Rom 11:1 Phl 1:6 ).
      shut--(compare Rev 3:7, 8 ).

      10. love. . . mourn for her-- ( Psa 102:14, 17, 20 122:6 ).

      11. suck-- ( Isa 60:5, 16 61:6 49:23 ).
      abundance--Hebrew, "the ray-like flow of her opulence," that is, with the milk spouting out from her full breasts (answering to the parallel, "breast of her consolations") in ray-like streams [GESENIUS].

      12. extend--I will turn peace (prosperity) upon her, like a river turned in its course [GESENIUS]. Or, "I will spread peace over her as an overflowing river" [BARNES], ( Isa 48:18 ).
      flowing stream--as the Nile by its overflow fertilizes the whole of Egypt.
      borne upon. . . sides--(See on JF & B for Isa 60:4).
      her. . . her--If "ye" refers to the Jews, translate, "ye shall be borne upon their sides. . . their knees," namely, those of the Gentiles, as in Isa 49:22; and as "suck" ( Isa 60:16 ) refers to the Jews sucking the Gentile wealth. However, English Version gives a good sense: The Jews, and all who love Jehovah ( Isa 66:10 ), "shall suck, and be borne" by her as a mother.

      13. mother-- ( Isa 49:15 ).
      comforteth-- ( Isa 40:1, 2 ).

      14. bones--which once were "dried up" by the "fire" of God's wrath ( Lam 1:13 ), shall live again ( Pro 3:8 15:30 Eze 37:1, &c.).
      flourish. . . herb-- ( Rom 11:15-24 ).
      known toward--manifested in behalf of.

      15. ( Isa 9:5 Psa 50:3 Hab 3:5 2Th 1:8 2Pe 3:7 ).
      chariots. . . whirlwind-- ( Jer 4:13 ).
      render--as the Hebrew elsewhere ( Job 9:13 Psa 78:38 ) means to "allay" or "stay wrath." MAURER translates it so here: He stays His anger with nothing but fury," &c.; nothing short of pouring out all His fiery fury will satisfy His wrath.
      fury--"burning heat" [LOWTH], to which the parallel, "flames of fire," answers.

      16. Rather, "With fire will Jehovah judge, and with His sword (He will judge) all flesh." The parallelism and collocation of the Hebrew words favor this ( Isa 65:12 ).
      all flesh--that is, all who are the objects of His wrath. The godly shall be hidden by the Lord in a place of safety away from the scene of judgment ( Isa 26:20, 21 Psa 31:20 1Th 4:16, 17 ).

      17. in. . . gardens--Hebrew and the Septuagint rather require, "for (entering into) gardens," namely, to sacrifice there [MAURER].
      behind one tree--rather, "following one," that is, some idol or other, which, from contempt, he does not name [MAURER]. VITRINGA, &c., think the Hebrew for "one," Ahhadh, to be the name of the god; called Adad (meaning One) in Syria (compare Act 17:23 ). The idol's power was represented by inclined rays, as of the sun shining on the earth. GESENIUS translates, "following one," namely, Hierophant ("priest"), who led the rest in performing the sacred rites.
      in. . . midst--namely, of the garden (see on JF & B for Isa 65:3, 4).
      mouse--legally unclean ( Lev 11:29 ) because it was an idol to the heathen (see on JF & B for Isa 37:36; 1Sa 6:4 ). Translate, "the field mouse," or "dormouse" [BOCHART]. The Pharisees with their self-righteous purifications, and all mere formalists, are included in the same condemnation, described in language taken from the idolatries prevalent in Isaiah's times.

      18. know--not in the Hebrew. Rather, understand the words by aposiopesis; it is usual in threats to leave the persons threatened to supply the hiatus from their own fears, owing to conscious guilt: "For I. . . their works and thoughts," &c.; namely, will punish [MAURER].
      it shall come--the time is come that I will, &c. [MAURER].
      gather. . . nations--against Jerusalem, where the ungodly Jews shall perish; and then the Lord at last shall fight for Jerusalem against those nations: and the survivors ( Isa 66:19 ) shall "see God's glory" ( Zec 12:8, 9 14:1-3, 9 ).
      tongues--which have been many owing to sin, being confounded at Babel, but which shall again be one in Christ ( Dan 7:14 Zep 3:9 Rev 7:9, 10 ).

      19. sign--a banner on a high place, to indicate the place of meeting for the dispersed Jewish exiles, preparatory to their return to their land ( Isa 5:26 11:12 62:10 ).
      those that escape of them--the Gentile survivors spared by God (see on JF & B for Isa 66:18; Zec 14:16 ). Isa 2:2, 3 Mic 5:7 and Zec 14:16-19 represent it, not that the Jews go as missionaries to the Gentiles, but that the Gentiles come up to Jerusalem to learn the Lord's ways there.
      Tarshish--Tartessus in Spain, in the west.
      Pul--east and north of Africa: probably the same as Philoe, an island in the Nile, called by the Egyptians Pilak, that is, the border country, being between Egypt and Ethiopia [BOCHART].
      Lud--the Libyans of Africa ( Gen 10:13 ), Ludim being son of Mizraim (Egypt): an Ethiopian people famous as bowmen ( Jer 46:9 ): employed as mercenaries by Tyre and Egypt ( Eze 27:10 30:5 ).
      Tubal--Tibarenians, in Asia Minor, south of the Caucasus, between the Black Sea and Araxes. Or, the Iberians [JOSEPHUS]. Italy [JEROME].
      Javan--the Greeks; called Ionians, including all the descendants of Javan, both in Greece and in Asia Minor ( Gen 10:2-4 ).
      my glory. . . Gentiles-- ( Mal 1:11 ).

      20. they--the Gentiles ( Isa 66:19 ).
      bring. . . your brethren--the Jews, back to the Holy Land ( Isa 49:22 ). It cannot mean the mere entrance of the Jews into the Christian Church; for such an entrance would be by faith, not upon "horses, litters, and mules" [HOUBIGANT]. "Offering" is metaphorical, as in Rom 15:16.
      horses--not much used by the Jews. The Gentiles are here represented as using their modes of conveyance to "bring" the Jews to Jerusalem.
      chariots--as these are not found in Oriental caravans, translate, "vehicles," namely, borne, not drawn on wheels.
      litters--covered sedans for the rich.
      upon swift beasts--dromedaries: from Hebrew root, "to dance," from their bounding motion, often accelerated by music [BOCHART]. Panniers were thrown across the dromedaries' back for poorer women [HORSLEY].

      21. of them--the Gentiles.
      priests. . . Levites--for spiritual worship: enjoying the direct access to God which was formerly enjoyed by the ministers of the temple alone ( 1Pe 2:9 Rev 1:6 ).

      22. ( Isa 65:17 2Pe 3:13 Rev 21:1 ).

      23. Literally, "As often as the new moon (shall be) in its own new moon," that is, every month ( Zec 14:16 ).
      sabbath--which is therefore perpetually obligatory on earth.
      all flesh-- ( Psa 65:2 72:11 ).
      before me--at Jerusalem ( Jer 3:16, 17 ).

      24. go forth, and look--as the Israelites looked at the carcasses of the Egyptians destroyed at the Red Sea ( Exd 14:30; compare Isa 26:14-19 Psa 58:10 49:14 Mal 4:1-3 ).
      carcasses, &c.-- ( Isa 66:16 ), those slain by the Lord in the last great battle near Jerusalem ( Zec 12:2-9 14:2-4 ); type of the final destruction of all sinners.
      worm. . . not die-- ( Mar 9:44, 46, 48 ). Image of hell, from bodies left unburied in the valley of Hinnom (whence comes Gehenna, or "hell"), south of Jerusalem, where a perpetual fire was kept to consume the refuse thrown there ( Isa 30:33 ). It shall not be inconsistent with true love for the godly to look with satisfaction on God's vengeance on the wicked ( Rev 14:10 ). May God bless this Commentary, and especially its solemn close, to His glory, and to the edification of the writer and the readers of it, for Jesus' sake!

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Search

Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines

Timelines

Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions

Multimedia

Video

Music

Products

Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools

Devotionals

Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan

Help

Video Tutorials

Support

Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions

Ministries

Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries

About

About the BLB

Statement of Faith

History

Newsletter

Partnerships

Ministry FAQs

Donate

Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites


BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters

Facebook

Twitter


Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible

Loading...

Interlinear
Bibles
Cross-Refs
Commentaries
Dictionaries
Miscellaneous
Verse Tools Arrow
Login

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username

Password

 [?]

 

Did you forget your password?


Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name

PasswordRe-enter

[ Cancel ]

 

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username

 

Return to Login

Close Login