Home
Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
CSB Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Close
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:

facebooktwitter

googlepluspinterest

reddittumblrlinkedin


Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:

facebooktwitter

pinterestgoogle+


Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
 
 
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow
 [?]

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

LexiConc
 [?]
 

Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
 [?]
 
Multi-Verse Retrieval
x
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
 
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect
x

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals
x

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans
x

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Jeremiah 49

toggle collapse

The Book of the Prophet Jeremiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET

CHAPTER 49

Jer 49:1-39. PREDICTIONS AS TO AMMON, IDUMEA, DAMASCUS, KEDAR, HAZOR, AND ELAM.

      The event of the prophecy as to Ammon preceded that as to Moab (see on JF & B for Jer 49:3); and in Eze 21:26-28, the destruction of Ammon is subjoined to the deposition of Zedekiah.

      1. Hath Israel. . . no heir?--namely, to occupy the land of Gad, after it itself has been carried away captive by Shalmaneser. Ammon, like Moab, descended from Lot, lay north of Moab, from which it was separated by the river Arnon, and east of Reuben and Gad ( Jos 13:24, 25 ) on the same side of Jordan. It seized on Gad when Israel was carried captive. Judah was by the right of kindred the heir, not Ammon; but Ammon joined with Nebuchadnezzar against Judah and Jerusalem ( 2Ki 24:2 ) and exulted over its fall ( Psa 83:4-7, 8 Zep 2:8, 9 ). It had already, in the days of Jeroboam, in Israel's affliction, tried to "enlarge its border" ( 2Ki 14:26 Amo 1:1, 13 ).
      their king-- ( Amo 1:15 ); referring to Melchom, their tutelary idol ( Zep 1:5 ); and so the Septuagint reads it here as a proper name ( 1Ki 11:5, 33 2Ki 23:13 ). The Ammonite god is said to do what they do, namely, occupy the Israelite land of Gad. To Jehovah, the theocratic "King" of Israel, the land belonged of right; so that their Molech or Melchom was a usurper-king.
      his people--the people of Melchom, "their king." Compare "people of Chemosh," Jer 48:46.

      2. Rabbah--"the great," metropolis of Ammon ( 2Sa 12:26-30 ). Its destruction is foretold also in Eze 25:5 Amo 1:14, 15.
      her daughters--the towns and villages, dependencies of the metropolis ( Jos 15:45 ).
      shall. . . be heir--shall possess those who possessed him. The full accomplishment of this is still future; partially fulfilled under the Maccabees (1 Maccabees 5:6).

      3. Heshbon. . . Ai--Nebuchadnezzar, coming from the north, first attacked Ammon, then its brother and neighbor, Moab. As Ai of Ammon had already suffered destruction, Heshbon of Moab being near it might well fear the same fate.
      hedges--Their cities being destroyed, the outcasts have no place of shelter save behind the "hedges" of vineyards and gardens; or else the enclosures of their villages.
      their king--Melchom, the idol, as the mention of "his priests" shows (compare Jer 48:7 ).

      4. thy flowing valley--rather, "thy valley shall flow," namely with the blood of the slain; in sad contrast to their "valleys" in which they had heretofore "gloried," as flowing with milk and honey [GROTIUS]. Or else, as Margin, "shall flow away."
      backsliding--apostate from Jehovah, the God of their father Lot, to Molech.
      treasures--her resources for resisting the foe.
      Who shall, &c.--Who can come. . . ( Jer 21:13 ).

      5. every man right forth--whithersoever chance may lead him ( Jer 46:5 Gen 19:17 ); straight before him, onwards at random ( Amo 4:3 ).
      none. . . gather up him, &c.--There shall be none to gather together the wandering fugitives, so as to care for them and restore them to their own homes.

      6. (Compare Jer 48:47 ). For the sake of "righteous" Lot their progenitor. Partially fulfilled under Cyrus; in gospel times more fully.

      7. Concerning Edom--a distinct prophecy, copied in part from Obadiah, but with the freedom of one himself inspired and foretelling a later calamity. Obadiah's was fulfilled probably in Sennacherib's time (compare Isa 34:5 Amo 1:11 ); Jeremiah's about the same time as his preceding prophecies ( Jer 49:12 Eze 25:12 ).
      wisdom--for which the Arabs and the people of Teman (a city of Edom) in particular, were famed ( Gen 36:15 1Ki 4:30; see Job, everywhere; Oba 1:8 ).
      vanished--literally "poured out," that is, exhausted (compare Isa 19:3, Margin) [MAURER]. Or, as the kindred Ethiopic word means, "worn out" [LUDOVICUS DE DIEU].

      8. turn--namely, your backs in flight.
      dwell deep--in deep defiles and caves [GROTIUS], which abound in Idumea. Others refer it to the Arab custom of retiring into the depth of the desert when avoiding an offended foe ( Jer 49:30 ).
      Dedan--a tribe bordering on and made subject by Idumea; descended from Jokshan, son of Abraham and Keturah ( Gen 25:1-3 ).
      Esau--The naming of Edom's progenitor, reprobated by God, recalls the remembrance of the old curse on him for his profanity, both his sin and its punishment being perpetuated in his descendants ( Hbr 12:16, 17 ).

      9. ( Oba 1:5 ). Grape gatherers, yea even thieves, leave something behind them; but the Chaldeans will sweep Idumea clean of everything.

      10. Edom became politically extinct after the time of the Romans.
      uncovered his secret places--where he hid himself ( Jer 49:8 ) and his treasures ( Isa 45:3 ). I have caused that nothing should be so hidden as that the conqueror should not find it.
      brethren--Ammon.
      neighbours--the Philistines.

      11. Thy fatherless and widows must rest their hope in God alone, as none of the adult males shall be left alive, so desperate will be the affairs of Edom. The verse also, besides this threat, implies a promise of mercy to Esau in God's good time, as there was to Moab and Ammon ( Jer 49:6 Jer 48:47 ); the extinction of the adult males is the prominent idea (compare Jer 49:12 ).

      12. (Compare Jer 25:15, 16, 29 ).
      they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup--the Jews to whom, by virtue of the covenant relation, it did not belong to drink the cup. It might have been expected that they would be spared. He regards not the merits of the Jews, for they were as bad or worse than others: but the grace and adoption of God; it is just and natural ("judgment") that God should pardon His sons sooner than aliens [CALVIN].

      13. Bozrah--(See on JF & B for Jer 48:24).

      14. ( Oba 1:1-3 ).
      ambassador. . . unto the heathen--a messenger from God to stir up the Chaldeans against Edom.

      15. David and Joab had already humbled Edom ( 2Sa 8:14 ).

      16. terribleness--the terror which thou didst inspire into others.
      deceived thee--rendered thee proudly confident, as if none would dare to assail thee.
      dwellest in. . . rock--Petra, the chief of Idumea, was cut in the rocks; its ruins are very remarkable. The whole south of Idumea abounds in cave dwellings and rocks.
      though. . . nest. . . eagle-- ( Job 39:27 Oba 1:3, 4 ). The eagle builds its nest in the highest craggy eyry.

      17. (Compare 1Ki 9:8 ).

      18. ( Jer 50:40 Deu 29:23 Amo 4:11 ).
      no man shall abide there--that is, of the Idumeans. The Romans had a garrison there.

      19. he--Nebuchadnezzar, or Nebuzara-dan; the name would at once suggest itself to the minds of the hearers ( Jer 48:40 46:18 ).
      swelling--as a lion which the overflow of the Jordan forced out of his lair on the banks, to ascend the neighboring heights [CALVIN]. See as to the translation, "pride of the Jordan," see on JF & B for Jer 12:5.
      habitation of. . . strong--the fastnesses of Idumea (compare Num 24:21 ). MAURER translates, "An ever verdant (literally, 'perennial') pasturage," that is, Idumea heretofore having enjoyed uninterrupted tranquillity; so in Jer 49:20 the image is retained, the Idumeans being compared to "a flock," and their king to "a shepherd," in this verse, and the enemy to "a lion" (compare Jer 50:17-19 ). English Version accords more with the Hebrew.
      suddenly--"in the twinkling of an eye," as the Hebrew implies.
      \him. . . her--I will make Nebuzara-dan enter Idumea, and then, having in the twinkling of an eye effected the conquest, go away speedily: elsewhere. Instead of "but," translate, "for." GROTIUS translates, "run upon her," or "to her," instead of "run away from her." MAURER understands it, "I will make him (the Idumean) run away from her" (that is, from his own land); the similar change of reference of the pronouns ( Jer 50:44 ) favors this.
      who is a chosen man, &c.--God calls the choicest warriors to Him, to set "over" the work of devastating Idumea. God will surely execute His purpose, for He can call forth from all sides the agents He chooses.
      who is like me?-- ( Exd 15:11 ).
      who will appoint me the time?--namely, for entering into a trial in judgment with Me (see Margin). Image from law courts ( Job 9:19 ).
      shepherd--leader of the Idumeans; following up the previous image, "a lion"; no Idumean shepherd shall withstand the lion sent by Jehovah ( Job 41:10 ), or save the Idumean flock.

      20. least of the flock--the weakest and humblest of the Chaldean host. Compare Jer 6:3, where the hostile leaders and their hosts are called "shepherds and their flocks."
      draw. . . out--"shall drag them away captive" [GROTIUS]; shall drag them to and fro, as a lion ( Jer 49:19 ) does feeble sheep [MAURER].
      with them--that is, the habitation which they possess.

      21. was heard in--that is, shall be heard at.
      Red Sea--a considerable distance from Idumea; though the district at the Elantic bay of the Red Sea originally belonged to Idumea, and the sea itself was called from Edom, that is, "red" ( Gen 25:30, Margin). Others translate, "the weedy sea" (Margin), and derive the name, "Red Sea," from its red weeds; the former view is preferable.

      22. (Compare Jer 48:40, 41 ).
      Bozrah--(See on JF & B for Jer 48:24).

      23. Prophecy as to Damascus, &c. ( Isa 17:1 10:9 ). The kingdom of Damascus was destroyed by Assyria, but the city revived, and it is as to the latter Jeremiah now prophesies. The fulfilment was probably about five years after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 10.9,7].
      Hamath is confounded--at the tidings of the overthrow of the neighboring Damascus.
      on the sea--that is, at the sea; the dwellers there are alarmed. Other manuscripts read, "like the sea." "There is anxiety (restless) as is the sea: they cannot quiet it," that is, it cannot be quieted ( Isa 57:20 ).
      it--Whatever dwellers are there "cannot be quiet."

      25. city of praise--The prophet, in the person of a citizen of Damascus deploring its calamity, calls it "the city of praise," that is, celebrated with praises everywhere for its beauty ( Jer 33:9 51:41 ). "How is it possible that such a city has not been left whole--has not been spared by the foe?" Compare left, Luk 17:35, 36. So Israel "left" standing some of the Canaanite cities ( Jos 11:13 ).
      of my joy--that is, in which I delighted.

      26. Therefore--that is, Since Damascus is doomed to fall, therefore, &c.

      27. palaces of Ben-hadad--that palace from which so many evils and such cruelty to Israel emanated; thus implying the cause of Damascus' overthrow. Not the Ben-hadad of 2Ki 13:3 Amo 1:4; it was a common name of the Syrian kings (compare 1Ki 15:18; meaning "son of Hadad," the idol).

      28. Kedar--son of Ishmael ( Gen 25:13 ). The Kedarenes led a wandering predatory life in Arabia-Petraea, as the Bedouin Arabs ( 2Ch 21:16, 17 Psa 120:5 ). Kedar means "blackness" ( Sgs 1:5 ).
      Hazor--not the city in Palestine, but a district in Arabia-Petraea. "Kingdoms" refer to the several combinations of clans, each under its own sheik.
      men of the east--Kedar and Hazor were east of Judea ( Jdg 6:3 Job 1:3 ).

      29. tents--in which they dwelt, from which they are called Scenites, that is, tent dwellers.
      curtains--namely, with which the tents were covered ( Jer 4:20 10:20 Psa 104:2 ).
      they shall cry unto them, Fear, &c.--The foe, on crying, Fear. . ., shall discomfit them (the Kedarenes) by their mere cry.

      30. (See on JF & B for Jer 49:8). No conqueror would venture to follow them into the desert.

      31. wealthy--rather, "tranquil" ( 1Ch 4:40 ).
      neither gates nor bars--The Arabs, lying out of the track of the contending powers of Asia and Africa, took no measures of defense and had neither walled cities nor gates ( Eze 38:11 ). They thought their scanty resources and wilderness position would tempt no foe.
      alone--separated from other nations, without allies; and from one another scattered asunder. So as to Israel's isolation ( Num 23:9 Deu 33:28 Mic 7:14 ).

      32. camels--their chief possessions; not fields or vineyards.
      in utmost. . . corners--who seemed least likely to be dispersed. Or else, "having the hair shaven (or clipped) in angles" ( Jer 9:26 25:23 ) [GROTIUS].
      calamity from all sides--which will force even those in "corners" to "scatter" themselves.

      33. ( Mal 1:3 ).

      34. Elam--part of Susiana, west of Persia proper, but used to designate Persia in general. Elam proper, or Elymais, nearer Judea than Persia, is probably here meant; it had helped Nebuchadnezzar against Judea; hence its punishment. It may have been idolatrous, whereas Persia proper was mainly monotheistic.

      35. bow--Elam was famed for its bowmen ( Isa 22:6 ).
      chief of their might--in opposition to "bow," that is, bowmen, who constituted their main strength.

      36. four winds, &c.--Nebuchadnezzar's army containing soldiers from the four quarters.

      37. consumed--as a distinct nation ( Dan 8:2-27 ). Fulfilled under Alexander and his successors.

      38. I will show Myself King by My judgments there, as though My tribunal were erected there. The throne of Cyrus, God's instrument, set up over Media, of which Elam was a part, may be meant [GROTIUS]; or rather, that of Nebuchadnezzar ( Jer 43:10 ). Then the restoration of Elam ( Jer 49:39 ) will refer partly to that which took place on the reduction of Babylon by Cyrus, prince of Persia and Media.

      39. latter days--The full restoration belongs to gospel times. Elamites were among the first who heard and accepted it ( Act 2:9 ).

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Search

Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines

Timelines

Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions

Multimedia

Video

Music

Products

Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools

Devotionals

Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan

Help

Video Tutorials

Support

Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions

Ministries

Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries

About

About the BLB

Statement of Faith

History

Newsletter

Partnerships

Ministry FAQs

Donate

Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites


BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters

Facebook

Twitter


Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible

Loading...

Interlinear
Bibles
Cross-Refs
Commentaries
Dictionaries
Miscellaneous
Verse Tools Arrow
Login

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username

Password

 [?]

 

Did you forget your password?


Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name

PasswordRe-enter

[ Cancel ]

 

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username

 

Return to Login

Close Login