Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
CSB Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:




Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'


Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Job 20

toggle collapse

The Book of Job

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET



Job 20:1-29. REPLY OF ZOPHAR.

      2. Therefore--Rather, the more excited I feel by Job's speech, the more for that very reason shall my reply be supplied by my calm consideration. Literally, "Notwithstanding; my calm thoughts (as in Job 4:13 ) shall furnish my answer, because of the excitement (haste) within me" [UMBREIT].

      3. check of my reproach--that is, the castigation intended as a reproach (literally, "shame") to me.
      spirit of. . . understanding--my rational spirit; answering to "calm thoughts" ( Job 20:2 ). In spite of thy reproach urging me to "hastiness." I will answer in calm reason.

      5. the hypocrite--literally, "the ungodly" ( Psa 37:35, 36 ).

      6. ( Isa 14:13 Oba 1:3, 4 ).

      7. dung--in contrast to the haughtiness of the sinner ( Job 20:6 ); this strong term expresses disgust and the lowest degradation ( Psa 83:10 1Ki 14:10 ).

      8. ( Psa 73:20 ).

      9. Rather "the eye followeth him, but can discern him no more." A sharp-looking is meant ( Job 28:7 Job 7:10 ).

      10. seek to please--"Atone to the poor" (by restoring the property of which they had been robbed by the father) [DE WETTE]. Better than English Version, "The children" are reduced to the humiliating condition of "seeking the favor of those very poor," whom the father had oppressed. But UMBREIT translates as Margin.
      his hands--rather, "their (the children's) hands."
      their goods--the goods of the poor. Righteous retribution! ( Exd 20:5 ).

      11. ( Psa 25:7 ), so Vulgate. GESENIUS has "full of youth"; namely, in the fulness of his youthful strength he shall be laid in the dust. But "bones" plainly alludes to Job's disease, probably to Job's own words ( Job 19:20 ). UMBREIT translates, "full of his secret sins," as in Psa 90:8; his secret guilt in his time of seeming righteousness, like secret poison, at last lays him in the dust. The English Version is best. Zophar alludes to Job's own words ( Job 17:16 ).
      with him--His sin had so pervaded his nature that it accompanies him to the grave: for eternity the sinner cannot get rid of it ( Rev 22:11 ).

      12. be--"taste sweet." Sin's fascination is like poison sweet to the taste, but at last deadly to the vital organs ( Pro 20:17 Job 9:17, 18 ).
      hide. . . tongue--seek to prolong the enjoyment by keeping the sweet morsel long in the mouth (so Job 20:13 ).

      14. turned--Hebrew denotes a total change into a disagreeable contrary ( Jer 2:21; compare Rev 10:9, 10 ).
      gall--in which the poison of the asp was thought to lie. It rather is contained in a sack in the mouth. Scripture uses popular language, where no moral truth is thereby endangered.

      15. He is forced to disgorge his ill-gotten wealth.

      16. shall suck--It shall turn out that he has sucked the poison, &c.

      17. floods--literally, "stream of floods," plentiful streams flowing with milk, &c. ( Job 29:6 Exd 3:17 ). Honey and butter are more fluid in the East than with us and are poured out from jars. These "rivers" or water brooks are in the sultry East emblems of prosperity.

      18. Image from food which is taken away from one before he can swallow it.
      restitution--(So Pro 6:31 ). The parallelism favors the English Version rather than the translation of GESENIUS, "As a possession to be restored in which he rejoices not."
      he shall not rejoice--His enjoyment of his ill-gotten gains shall then be at an end ( Job 20:5 ).

      19. oppressed--whereas he ought to have espoused their cause ( 2Ch 16:10 ).
      forsaken--left helpless.
      house--thus leaving the poor without shelter ( Isa 5:8 Mic 2:2 ).

      20. UMBREIT translates, "His inward parts know no rest" from desires.
      his belly--that is, peace inwardly.
      not save--literally, "not escape with that which," &c., alluding to Job's having been stripped of his all.

      21. look for--rather, "because his goods," that is, prosperity shall have no endurance.

      22. shall be--rather, "he is (feeleth) straitened." The next clause explains in what respect.
      wicked--Rather, "the whole hand of the miserable (whom he had oppressed) cometh upon him"; namely, the sense of his having oppressed the poor, now in turn comes with all its power (hand) on him. This caused his "straitened" feeling even in prosperity.

      23. Rather, "God shall cast (may God send) [UMBREIT] upon him the fury of His wrath to fill his belly!"
      while. . . eating--rather, "shall rain it upon him for his food!" Fiery rain, that is, lightning ( Psa 11:6; alluding to Job's misfortune, Job 1:16 ). The force of the image is felt by picturing to one's self the opposite nature of a refreshing rain in the desert ( Exd 16:4 Psa 68:9 ).

      24. steel--rather, "brass." While the wicked flees from one danger, he falls into a greater one from an opposite quarter [UMBREIT].

      25. It is drawn--Rather, "He (God) draweth (the sword, Jos 5:13 ) and (no sooner has He done so, than) it cometh out of (that is, passes right through) the (sinner's) body" ( Deu 32:41, 42 Eze 21:9, 10 ). The glittering sword is a happy image for lightning.
      gall--that is, his life ( Job 16:13 ). "Inflicts a deadly wound."
      terrors--Zophar repeats Bildad's words ( Job 17:11 Psa 88:16 55:4 ).

      26. All darkness--that is, every calamity that befalls the wicked shall be hid (in store for him) in His (God's) secret places, or treasures ( Jud 1:13 Deu 32:34 ).
      not blown--not kindled by man's hands, but by God's ( Isa 30:33; the Septuagint in the Alexandrian Manuscript reads "unquenchable fire," Mat 3:12 ). Tact is shown by the friends in not expressly mentioning, but alluding under color of general cases, to Job's calamities; here ( Job 1:16 ) UMBREIT explains it, wickedness, is a "self-igniting fire"; in it lie the principles of destruction.
      ill. . . tabernacle--Every trace of the sinner must be obliterated ( Job 18:15 ).

      27. All creation is at enmity with him, and proclaims his guilt, which he would fain conceal.

      28. increase--prosperity. Ill got--ill gone.
      flow away--like waters that run dry in summer; using Job's own metaphor against himself ( Job 6:15-17 2Sa 14:14 Mic 1:4 ).
      his wrath--God's.

      29. appointed--not as a matter of chance, but by the divine "decree" (Margin) and settled principle.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines


Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions





Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools


Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan


Video Tutorials


Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions


Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries


About the BLB

Statement of Faith




Ministry FAQs


Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites

BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters



Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible


Verse Tools Arrow

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username




Did you forget your password?

Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name


[ Cancel ]


Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username


Return to Login

Close Login