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Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Numbers 26

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The Fourth Book of Moses, Called Numbers

Commentary by ROBERT JAMIESON

CHAPTER 26

Num 26:1-51. ISRAEL NUMBERED.

      1. after the plague--That terrible visitation had swept away the remnant of the old generation, to whom God sware in His wrath that they should not enter Canaan ( Psa 95:11 ).

      2. Take the sum of all the congregation--The design of this new census, after a lapse of thirty-eight years, was primarily to establish the vast multiplication of the posterity of Abraham in spite of the severe judgments inflicted upon them; secondarily, it was to preserve the distinction of families and to make arrangements, preparatory to an entrance into the promised land, for the distribution of the country according to the relative population of the tribes.

      7. These are the families of the Reubenites--the principal households, which were subdivided into numerous smaller families. Reuben had suffered great diminution by Korah's conspiracy and other outbreaks [ Num 16:1 ].

      10. the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah--rather, "the things of Korah." (See on JF & B for Nu 16:35; compare Psa 106:17 ).

      11. Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not--Either they were not parties to their father's crime, or they withdrew from it by timely repentance. His descendants became famous in the time of David, and are often mentioned in the Psalms [ Psa 42:1 44:1 45:1 46:1 47:1 48:1 49:1 84:1 85:1 87:1 88:1 ], also in 1Ch 6:22, 38.

      12. The sons of Simeon--It is supposed that this tribe had been pre-eminent in the guilt of Baal-peor and had consequently been greatly reduced in numbers.
      Thus God's justice and holiness, as well as His truth and faithfulness, were strikingly displayed: His justice and holiness in the sweeping judgments that reduced the ranks of some tribes; and His truth and faithfulness in the extraordinary increase of others so that the posterity of Israel continued a numerous people.

      53. the land shall be divided according to the number of names--The portion of each tribe was to be greater or less, according to its populousness.

      54. To many thou shalt give the more inheritance--that is, to the more numerous tribes a larger allotment shall be granted.
      according to those that were numbered--the number of persons twenty years old at the time of the census being made, without taking into account either the increase of those who might have attained that age, when the land should be actually distributed, or the diminution from that amount, occasioned during the war of invasion.

      55. the land shall be divided by lot--The appeal to the lot did not place the matter beyond the control of God; for it is at His disposal ( Pro 16:33 ), and He has fixed to all the bounds of their habitation. The manner in which the lot was taken has not been recorded. But it is evident that the lot was cast for determining the section of the country in which each tribe should be located--not the quantity of their possessions. In other words, when the lot had decided that a particular tribe was to be settled in the north or the south, the east or the west, the extent of territory was allocated according to the rule ( Num 26:54 ).

      58. families of the Levites--The census of this tribe was taken separately, and on a different principle from the rest. (See Exd 6:16-19 ).

      62. twenty and three thousand--so that there was an increase of a thousand ( Num 3:39 ).
      males from a month old and upward--(See on JF & B for Nu 3:14).

      64. among these there was not a man. . . numbered. . . in the wilderness of Sinai--The statement in this verse must not be considered absolute. For, besides Caleb and Joshua, there were alive at this time Eleazar and Ithamar, and in all probability a considerable number of Levites, who had no participation in the popular defections in the wilderness. The tribe of Levi, having neither sent a spy into Canaan, nor being included in the enumeration at Sinai, must be regarded as not coming within the range of the fatal sentence; and therefore it would exhibit a spectacle not to be witnessed in the other tribes of many in their ranks above sixty years of age.

Tribes Chap. 1 Chap. 26 Increase Decrease
Reuben 46,500 43,730 -- 2,770
Simeon 59,300 22,200 -- 37,100
Gad 45,650 40,500 -- 5,150
Judah 74,600 76,500 1,900 --
Issachar 54,400 64,300 9,900 --
Zebulun 57,400 60,500 3,100 --
Ephraim 40,500 32,500 -- 8,000
Manasseh 32,200 52,700 20,500 --
Benjamin 35,400 45,600 10,200 --
Dan 62,700 64,400 1,700 --
Asher 41,500 53,400 11,900 --
Naphtali 53,400 45,400 -- 8,000
Total 603,550 601,730 59,200 61,020
  Total decrease 1,820
Commentary on Leviticus 1 ← Prior Book
Commentary on Deuteronomy 1 Next Book →
Commentary on Numbers 25 ← Prior Chapter
Commentary on Numbers 27 Next Chapter →
CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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