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John 19 :: English Standard Version (ESV)

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Jesus Delivered to Be Crucified

(Mat 27:27–31; Mar 15:16–20 )
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:1 - Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:2 - And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:3 - They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:4 - Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:5 - So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:6 - When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:7 - The Jews[fn] answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:8 - When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:9 - He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:10 - So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:11 - Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:12 - From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:13 - So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic[fn] Gabbatha.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:14 - Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour.[fn] He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:15 - They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:16 - So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus,

The Crucifixion

(Mat 27:32–56; Mar 15:21–41; Luk 23:26–49 )
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:17 - and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:18 - There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:19 - Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:20 - Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:21 - So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:22 - Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:23 - When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.[fn] But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom,
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:24 - so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,
“They divided my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things,
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:25 - but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:26 - When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:27 - Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.

The Death of Jesus

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:28 - After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:29 - A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:30 - When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

Jesus’ Side Is Pierced

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:31 - Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:32 - So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:33 - But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:34 - But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:35 - He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:36 - For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:37 - And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.”

Jesus Is Buried

(Mat 27:57–61; Mar 15:42–47; Luk 23:50–56 )
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:38 - After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:39 - Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus[fn] by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds[fn] in weight.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:40 - So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:41 - Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:42 - So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.
ESV Footnotes
Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verses 12, 14, 31, 38
Or Hebrew; also verses 17, 20
That is, about noon
Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin
Greek him
Greek one hundred litras; a litra (or Roman pound) was equal to about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version copyright © 2001, 2007, 2011, 2016 by Crossway Books and Bibles, a Publishing Ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

See detailed copyright information.

For more information on this translation, see the ESV Preface.

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