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Helps :: Help tutorials :: Interlinear arrows

Interlinear Arrows

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Arrow conditions in the Interlinear

The Interlinear tools are used for finding orginal language terms and how they are used in Scripture. The Interlinear tab shows the selected Scripture in your current version (usually - English) along with various Hebrew or Greek versions of the text. It is made up of a listing of the words used in the verse, a phrase search button for the English phrase, the Strong's reference number corresponding to each Hebrew or Greek word used in the verse, the original Hebrew or Greek words for that portion of Scripture, a pronunciation of that word in the Hebrew or Greek, and finally a parsing for many of the original language terms.

For the Old Testament, the Interlinear tab for a verse will show the Hebrew text with display options at the top. It will show the LXX Septuagint Greek for the Old Testament at the bottom. For the New Testament, both the Textus Receptus and the Morphological Greek New Testament will be shown.

The Lexicon results are displayed in a table, showing KJV or NASB English text equivalent of words (column) and or a vertical arrow, the Strong's number (column) and or a vertical arrow and the transliterated Hebrew/Greek word (column) using English characters and its Hebrew/Greek pronunciation. By clicking on the tiny speaker the user can listen to the orginal Hebrew/Greek pronunciation.

The Strong's number helps users to access the original languages of the Bible (eg. Hebrew/Greek) using a non-technical methodology. By clicking on the Strong's number the user is taken to the Lexicon page, which both defines the word and presents every occurrence of it in the Bible.


Understanding the significance of vertical arrows

There are times when vertical arrows appear in the Lexicon's English text column and the Strong's column. The arrows (pointing up or down) demonstrate that there are "Multiple Strong's" numbers representing the English text above or below. In other words, two or more original language (eg. Hebrew/Greek) words are translated into one English word.

Examples of arrows in the Lexicon

Single Up Arrow: A single up arrow in the English text column demonstrates there are "Multiple Strong's" number occurances representing the English text above.

For example looking at Genesis 1:1 of the Interlinear we see a single up arrow in the English text column for the Hebrew Strong's number (H853). Here the up arrow in the English column indicates the English word "created" is represented by both Hebrew Strong's H1254 and H853. This is demonstrated by the fact of the arrow in the English column for Strong's H853 which is shown below the English word "created" for Strong's H1254. Thus translated it would read "In the beginning God H853 created the heaven H853 and the earth."

Single Down Arrow: A single down arrow in the English text column demonstrates there are "Multiple Strong's" numbers representing the English text below.

For example looking at Matthew 3:1 of the Interlinear we see a single down arrow in the English text column for the Greek Strong's number (G1161). Here the down arrow in the English text column indicates the English word "In" is represented by multiple Greek Strong's numbers G1161 and G1722. This is demonstrated by the fact of the arrow in the English column for Strong's G1161 which is shown above the English word "In" for Strong's G1722.

Single Up Arrow and Single Down Arrow: Multiple arrows appearing in the Strong's column.


For example looking at Mark 16:3 of the Reverse Interlinear (representing the KJV or English order of the words) we examine the significance of the vertical arrows for the English text "shall roll" and "away."

The single down arrow in the Strong's column (Greek Strong's G617) for the English text "shall roll" indicates there are actually multiple Strong's number occurances within the English text. The English translation here is separated by more than one word from the original Greek text.


Thus the single up arrow in the Strong's column (G617) for the English text "away" indicates again that there are multiple Greek Strong's number occurances representing the English text. In this case the up arrow points to the previous occurrence of the Greek Strong's number G617.

In this example there are a total of three English words "shall roll away" all linked to the single original Greek word Strong's number G617.

Even though there appear to be two sets of arrows, before and after the English word "us" as described above they are not related. The English word "us" in Mark 16:3 has a Greek Strong's entry (G2254) and has no relationship to Greek Strong's G617.



Note: Arrows data in the English Column appears broken* in the following example.

Combination of Arrows: Multiple arrows appearing in the Strong's column and the English text column.


In this example looking at 2 Peter 1:10 there are multiple arrows in the English column AND arrows in the Strong's column.

We begin by examining the down arrow of Strong's Greek G4417 entry. The Outline of Bibical Usage of G4417 defines "to cause one to stumble or fall." G4417 here is only used once in the original. However, it's full translation is not shown together as one phrase that is being tied together. That is, the translated G4417 as "ye shall fall." Since the "ye shall fall" is modified by emphatic double negation, Greek G3364 entry which Bibical Usage defines "never, certainly not, not at all, by no means", the translator is forced to split the translation apart so that G3364 occurs between the "ye shall fall", making it "ye shall NEVER fall" or "never shall ye fall" (with Strong's: "G4417 ye shall G3364 never G4417 fall"). Thus we see that Greek Strong's G4417 and G4218 are linked.

In the English text column for Greek Strong's G4218 a single arrow should be *pointing down to the English text "never" links the English text column and Strong's G4218 with G3364. Thus the single down arrow in the English text column demonstrates there are "Multiple Strong's" numbers occurances (G4218 and G3364) representing the English text "never" below.


In the English text column for Greek Strong's G4218 a single up arrow points to the English text "fall" linking the English text column and Strong's G4218 with G4417. Thus the single up arrow in the English text column demonstrates there are "Multiple Strong's" numbers occurances (G4218 and G4417) representing the English text "fall" above.

Double-Headed Arrow: Combining multiple arrow types appearing in the Strong's column including a double-headed arrow and up and down arrows.


In this example looking at Luke 19:35 where there are multiple up and down arrows in the English column AND a double-headed arrow in the Strong's column.

We begin by examining the down arrow of Strong's Greek G1977 for the English text "they cast." This G1977 is split up in 3 instances. The Outline of Bibical Usage of G1977 defines "to throw, place upon." Strong's entry G1977 links to "they cast" to Strong's entry G1438 "their" thus "they cast their."

The Double-Headed arrow for G1977 indicates to look for prior (English text "they cast") or previous occurrence of the Greek Strong's number G1977 and after (English text "and").

Here the English text "they cast G1977 their garments upon G1977 the colt, and G1977 they set Jesus thereon" is separated by one or more other words from the orginal.

For the single down arrow for G1913 for the English text column "they set" links to the English text "Jesus" below.

The single up arrow for G1913 for the English text column "thereon" links to the Greek Strong's G2424 English text "Jesus" above.

The resulting translation would be "G1977 they cast G1438 their garments G1909 upon the colt G1977 and G1913 they set Jesus G1913 thereon."

We hope you have enjoyed this tutorial and have found it helpful in understanding the ins and outs of the Interlinear tool arrows.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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