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Lexicon :: Strong's G1097 - ginōskō

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γινώσκω
Transliteration
ginōskō
Pronunciation
gē-nō'-skō (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A prolonged form of a primary verb
mGNT
220x in 58 unique form(s)
TR
223x in 60 unique form(s)
LXX
585x in 62 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 1:689,119

Strong’s Definitions

γινώσκω ginṓskō, ghin-oce'-ko; a prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed):—allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know(-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x

The KJV translates Strong's G1097 in the following manner: know (196x), perceive (9x), understand (8x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x
The KJV translates Strong's G1097 in the following manner: know (196x), perceive (9x), understand (8x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel

    1. to become known

  2. to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of

    1. to understand

    2. to know

  3. Jewish idiom for sexual intercourse between a man and a woman

  4. to become acquainted with, to know

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
γινώσκω ginṓskō, ghin-oce'-ko; a prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed):—allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know(-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.
STRONGS NT 1097: γινώσκω
γινώσκω (Attic γιγνώσκω, see γίνομαι at the beginning; from ΓΝΟΩ, as βιβρώσκω from ΒΡΟΩ); [imperfect ἐγίνωσκον]; future γνώσομαι; 2 aorist ἔγνων (from ΓΝΩΜΙ), imperative γνῶθι, γνώτω, subjunctive γνῷ (3 person singular γνοῖ, Mark 5:43; Mark 9:30; Luke 19:15 L T Tr WH, for R G γνῷ [Buttmann, p. 46 (40); cf. δίδωμι at the beginning]), infinitive γνῶναι, participle γνούς; perfect ἔγνωκα (John 17:7; 3 person plural ἔγνωκαν for ἐγνώκασι, see references in γίνομαι at the beginning); pluperfect ἐγνώκειν; passive [present 3 person singular γινώσκεται (Mark 13:28 Tr marginal reading)]; perfect ἐγνωσμαι; 1 aorist ἐγνώσθην; future γνωσθήσομαι; in Greek writings from Homer down; Sept. for יָדַע; Latin nosco, novi (i. e. gnosco, gnovi);
I. universally:
1. to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of; passive to become known: with the accusative, Matthew 22:18; Mark 5:43; Acts 21:34; 1 Corinthians 4:19; 2 Corinthians 2:4; Colossians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:5, etc. Passive, Matthew 10:26; Acts 9:24; Philippians 4:5, etc.; [impersonally, γινώσκεται, Mark 13:28 Tr marginal reading T 2, 7]; τὶ ἔκ τινος, Matthew 12:33; Luke 6:44; 1 John 4:6; τινὰ or τὶ ἔν τινι, to find a sign in a thing by which to know, to recognize in or by something, Luke 24:35; John 13:35; 1 John 4:2; κατὰ τί γνώσομαι τοῦτο, the truth of this promise, Luke 1:18 (Genesis 15:8); περὶ τῆς διδαχῆς, John 7:17. often the object is not added, but is readily understood from what precedes: Matthew 9:30; Matthew 12:15 (the consultation held by the Pharisees); Mark 7:24 (he would have no one know that he was present): Mark 9:30; Romans 10:19, etc.; followed by ὅτι, Matthew 21:45; John 4:1; John 5:6; John 12:9, etc.; followed by the interrogative τί, Matthew 6:3; Luke 16:4; ἀπό τινος to learn from one, Mark 15:45. with the accusative of person to recognize as worthy of intimacy and love, to own; so those whom God has judged worthy of the blessings of the gospel are said ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ γινώσκεσθαι, 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9, [on both cf. Winers Grammar, § 39, 3 Note 2; Buttmann, 55 (48)]; negatively, in the sentence of Christ οὐδέποτε ἔγνων ὑμᾶς, I never knew you, never had any acquaintance with you, Matthew 7:23. to perceive, feel: ἔγνω τῷ σώματι, ὅτι etc. Mark 5:29; ἔγνων δύναμιν ἐξελθοῦσαν ἀπ’ ἐμοῦ, Luke 8:46.
2. to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of;
a. to understand: with the accusative, τὰ λεγόμενα, Luke 18:34; ἀναγινώσκεις, Acts 8:30; followed by ὅτι, Matthew 21:45; John 8:27; 2 Corinthians 13:6; Galatians 3:7; James 2:20; followed by interrog, τί, John 10:6; John 13:12, 28; κατεργάζομαι οὐ γινώσκω I do not understand what I am doing, my conduct is inexplicable to me, Romans 7:15.
b. to know: τὸ θέλημα, Luke 12:47; τὰς καρδίας, Luke 16:15; τὸν μὴ γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ignorant of sin, i. e. not conscious of having committed it, 2 Corinthians 5:21; ἐπιστολή γινωσκομένη καὶ ἀναγινωσκομένη, 2 Corinthians 3:2; τινά, to know one, his person, character, mind, plans: John 1:48 (John 1:49); John 2:24; Acts 19:15; 2 Timothy 2:19 (from Numbers 16:5); followed by ὅτι, John 21:17; Philippians 1:12; James 1:3; 2 Peter 1:20; followed by the accusative with an infinitive Hebrews 10:34; followed by an indirect question, Revelation 3:3; ἑλληνιστὶ γινώσκ., to know Greek (graece scire, Cicero, de fin. 2, 5): Acts 21:37 (ἐπίστασθαι συριστί, Xenophon, Cyril 7, 5, 31; graece nescire, Cicero, pro Flac. 4, 10); ἴστε (Rec. ἐστε) γινώσκοντες ye know, understanding etc. [R. V. ye know of a surety, etc.], Ephesians 5:5; see Winers Grammar, 355 (333); [cf. Buttmann, 51 (44); 314 (269)]. imperative γινώσκετε know ye: Matthew 24:32f, 43; Mark 13:29; Luke 10:11; John 15:18; Acts 2:36; Hebrews 13:23; 1 John 2:29.
3. by a Hebraistic euphemism [cf. Winer's Grammar, 18], found also in Greek writings from the Alexandrian age down, γινώσκω is used of the carnal connection of male and female, rem cum aliquo or aliqua habere (cf. our have a (criminal) intimacy with): of a husband, Matthew 1:25; of the woman, Luke 1:34; (Genesis 4:1, 17; Genesis 19:8; 1 Samuel 1:19, etc.; Judith 16:22; Callimachus epigr. 58, 3; often in Plutarch; cf. Vögelin, Plutarch, Brut., p. 10ff; so also Latin cognosco, Ovid. met. 4, 596; novi, Justin Martyr, hist. 27, 3, 11).
II. In particular γινώσκω, to become acquainted with, to know, is employed in the N. T. of the knowledge of God and Christ, and of the things relating to them or proceeding from them;
a. τὸν θεόν, the one, true God, in contrast with the polytheism of the Gentiles: Romans 1:21; Galatians 4:9; also τὸν μόνον ἀληθινὸν θεόν, John 17:3 cf. 1 John 5:20; τὸν θεόν, the nature and will of God, in contrast with the false wisdom of both Jews and Gentiles, 1 Corinthians 1:21; τὸν πατέρα, the nature of God the Father, especially the holy will and affection by which he aims to sanctify and redeem men through Christ, John 8:55; John 16:3; 1 John 2:3f, 14 (1 John 2:13); 1 John 3:1,6; 4:8; a peculiar knowledge of God the Father is claimed by Christ for himself, John 10:15; John 17:25; γνῶθι τὸν κύριον, the precepts of the Lord, Hebrews 8:11; τὸ θέλημα (of God), Romans 2:18; νοῦν κυρίου, Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16; τὴν σοφίαν τοῦ θεοῦ, 1 Corinthians 2:8; τὰς ὁδοὺς τοῦ θεοῦ, Hebrews 3:10 (from Psalm 94:10 (Ps. 95:10)).
b. Χριστόν, his blessings, Philippians 3:10; in Χριστὸν ἐγνωκέναι κατὰ σάρκα, 2 Corinthians 5:16, Paul speaks of that knowledge of Christ which he had before his conversion, and by which he knew him merely in the form of a servant, and therefore had not yet seen in him the Son of God. According to John's usage, γινώσκειν, ἐγνωκέναι Χριστόν denotes to come to know, to know, his Messianic dignity (John 17:3; John 6:69); his divinity (τὸν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς, 1 John 2:13f cf. John 1:10), his consummate kindness toward us, and the benefits redounding to us from fellowship with him (in Christ's words γινώσκομαι ὑπὸ τῶν ἐμῶν, John 10:14 [according to the critical texts γινώσκουσίν με τὰ ἐμά]); his love of God (John 14:31); his sinless holiness (1 John 3:6). John unites πιστεύειν and γινώσκειν, at one time putting πιστεύειν first: John 6:69 [cf. Schaff's Lange or Meyer at the passage]; but at another time γινώσκειν: John 10:38 (according to R G, for which L T Tr WH read ἵνα γνῶτε καί γινώσκητε [R. V. know and understand]); John 17:8 [L brackets κ. ἔγν.]; 1 John 4:16 (the love of God).
c. γ. τὰ τοῦ πνεύματος the things which proceed from the Spirit, 1 Corinthians 2:14; τὸ πνεῦμα τ. ἀληθείας καὶ τὸ πν. τῆς πλάνης, 1 John 4:6; τὰ μυστήρια τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, Matthew 13:11; τὴν ἀλήθειαν, John 8:32; 2 John 1:1; absolutely, of the knowledge of divine things, 1 Corinthians 13:12; of the knowledge of things lawful for a Christian, 1 Corinthians 8:2.
[SYNONYMS: γινώσκειν, εἰδέναι, ἐπίστασθαι, συνιέναι: In classic usage (cf. Schmidt, chapter 13), γινώσκειν, distinguished from the rest by its original inchoative force, denotes a discriminating apprehension of external impressions, a knowledge grounded in personal experience. εἰδέναι, literally, 'to have seen with the mind's eye,' signifies a clear and purely mental perception, in contrast both to conjecture and to knowledge derived from others. ἐπίστασθαι primarily expresses the knowledge obtained by proximity to the thing known (cf. our understand, German verstehen); then knowledge viewed as the result of prolonged practice, in opposition to the process of learning on the one hand, and to the uncertain knowledge of a dilettante on the other. συνιέναι implies native insight, the soul's capacity of itself not only to lay hold of the phenomena of the outer world through the senses, but by combination (σύν and ἰέναι) to arrive at their underlying laws. Hence, συνιέναι may mark an antithesis to sense-perception; whereas γινώσκειν marks an advance upon it. As applied e. g. to a work of literature, γινώσκειν expresses an acquaintance with it; ἐπίστασθαι the knowledge of its contents; συνιέναι the understanding of it, a comprehension of its meaning. γινώσκειν and εἰδέναι most readily come into contrast with each other; if εἰδέναι and ἐπίστασθαι are contrasted, the former refers more to natural, the latter to acquired knowledge. In the N. T., as might be expected, these distinctions are somewhat less sharply marked. Such passages as John 1:26, 31, 48 (John 1:49); John 7:27f; John 21:17; 2 Corinthians 5:16; 1 John 5:20 may seem to indicate that, sometimes at least, γινώσκω and οἶδα are nearly interchangeable; yet see John 3:10, 11; John 8:55 (yet cf. John 17:25); 1 John 2:29 (know... perceive), and the characteristic use of εἰδέναι by John to describe our Lord's direct insight into divine things: John 3:11; 5:32 (contrast John 5:42); John 7:29; 8:55; 12:50, etc; cf. Bp. Lightfoot's note on Galatians 4:9; Green, 'Critical Notes' etc., p. 75 (on John 8:55); Westcott on John 2:24. γινώσκω and ἐπίσταμαι are associated in Acts 19:15 (cf. Green, as above, p. 97); οἶδα and γινώσκω in 1 Corinthians 2:11; Ephesians 5:5; οἶδα and ἐπίσταμαι in Jude 1:10. Compare: ἀνα-, δια-, ἐπι-, κατα-, προγινώσκω.]
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
4:1; 4:17; 15:8; 19:8
Numbers
16:5
1 Samuel
1:19
Psalms
94:10; 95:10
Matthew
1:25; 6:3; 7:23; 9:30; 10:26; 12:15; 12:33; 13:11; 21:45; 21:45; 22:18; 24:32; 24:43
Mark
5:29; 5:43; 5:43; 7:24; 9:30; 9:30; 13:28; 13:28; 13:29; 15:45
Luke
1:18; 1:34; 6:44; 8:46; 10:11; 12:47; 16:4; 16:15; 18:34; 19:15; 24:35
John
1:10; 1:26; 1:31; 1:48; 1:48; 1:49; 1:49; 2:24; 2:24; 3:10; 3:11; 3:11; 4:1; 5:6; 5:32; 5:42; 6:69; 6:69; 7:17; 7:27; 7:29; 8:27; 8:32; 8:55; 8:55; 8:55; 8:55; 10:6; 10:14; 10:15; 10:38; 12:9; 12:50; 13:12; 13:28; 13:35; 14:31; 15:18; 16:3; 17:3; 17:3; 17:7; 17:8; 17:25; 17:25; 21:17; 21:17
Acts
2:36; 8:30; 9:24; 19:15; 19:15; 21:34; 21:37
Romans
1:21; 2:18; 7:15; 10:19; 11:34
1 Corinthians
1:21; 2:8; 2:11; 2:14; 2:16; 4:19; 8:2; 8:3; 13:12
2 Corinthians
2:4; 3:2; 5:16; 5:16; 5:21; 13:6
Galatians
3:7; 4:9; 4:9; 4:9
Ephesians
5:5; 5:5
Philippians
1:12; 3:10; 4:5
Colossians
4:8
1 Thessalonians
3:5
2 Timothy
2:19
Hebrews
3:10; 8:11; 10:34; 13:23
James
1:3; 2:20
2 Peter
1:20
1 John
2:3; 2:13; 2:13; 2:14; 2:29; 2:29; 3:1; 3:6; 3:6; 4:2; 4:6; 4:6; 4:8; 4:16; 5:20; 5:20
2 John
1:1
Jude
1:10
Revelation
3:3

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1097 matches the Greek γινώσκω (ginōskō),
which occurs 225 times in 205 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Page 1 / 5 (Mat 1:25–Luk 16:15)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 1:25 - But he did not consummate their marriage until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:3 - But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:23 - Then I will tell them plainly, ‘I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:30 - and their sight was restored. Jesus warned them sternly, “See that no one knows about this.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:26 - “So do not be afraid of them, for there is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:7 - If you had known what these words mean, ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice,’[fn] you would not have condemned the innocent.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:15 - Aware of this, Jesus withdrew from that place. A large crowd followed him, and he healed all who were ill.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:33 - “Make a tree good and its fruit will be good, or make a tree bad and its fruit will be bad, for a tree is recognized by its fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:11 - He replied, “Because the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:3 - and in the morning, ‘Today it will be stormy, for the sky is red and overcast.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:8 - Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked, “You of little faith, why are you talking among yourselves about having no bread?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:45 - When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew he was talking about them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:18 - But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:32 - “Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:33 - Even so, when you see all these things, you know that it[fn] is near, right at the door.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:39 - and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:43 - But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:50 - The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:24 - “Then the man who had received one bag of gold came. ‘Master,’ he said, ‘I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:10 - Aware of this, Jesus said to them, “Why are you bothering this woman? She has done a beautiful thing to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:13 - Then Jesus said to them, “Don’t you understand this parable? How then will you understand any parable?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 5:29 - Immediately her bleeding stopped and she felt in her body that she was freed from her suffering.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 5:43 - He gave strict orders not to let anyone know about this, and told them to give her something to eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:38 - “How many loaves do you have?” he asked. “Go and see.” When they found out, they said, “Five—and two fish.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:24 - Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre.[fn] He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:17 - Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked them: “Why are you talking about having no bread? Do you still not see or understand? Are your hearts hardened?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:30 - They left that place and passed through Galilee. Jesus did not want anyone to know where they were,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:12 - Then the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders looked for a way to arrest him because they knew he had spoken the parable against them. But they were afraid of the crowd; so they left him and went away.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:28 - “Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:29 - Even so, when you see these things happening, you know that it[fn] is near, right at the door.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:10 - knowing it was out of self-interest that the chief priests had handed Jesus over to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:45 - When he learned from the centurion that it was so, he gave the body to Joseph.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:18 - Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my wife is well along in years.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:34 - “How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:43 - After the festival was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:44 - Each tree is recognized by its own fruit. People do not pick figs from thornbushes, or grapes from briers.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:39 - When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would know who is touching him and what kind of woman she is—that she is a sinner.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:10 - He said, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God has been given to you, but to others I speak in parables, so that, “ ‘though seeing, they may not see; though hearing, they may not understand.’[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:17 - For there is nothing hidden that will not be disclosed, and nothing concealed that will not be known or brought out into the open.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:46 - But Jesus said, “Someone touched me; I know that power has gone out from me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:11 - but the crowds learned about it and followed him. He welcomed them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who needed healing.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:11 - ‘Even the dust of your town we wipe from our feet as a warning to you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God has come near.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:22 - “All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:2 - There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:39 - But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:46 - The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of. He will cut him to pieces and assign him a place with the unbelievers.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:47 - “The servant who knows the master’s will and does not get ready or does not do what the master wants will be beaten with many blows.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:48 - But the one who does not know and does things deserving punishment will be beaten with few blows. From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:4 - I know what I’ll do so that, when I lose my job here, people will welcome me into their houses.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 - He said to them, “You are the ones who justify yourselves in the eyes of others, but God knows your hearts. What people value highly is detestable in God’s sight.

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