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Lexicon :: Strong's G1242 - diathēkē

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διαθήκη
Transliteration
diathēkē
Pronunciation
dē-ä-thā'-kā (Key)
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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:106,157

Strong’s Definitions

διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).
  1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will

  2. a compact, a covenant, a testament

    1. God's covenant with Noah, etc.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.
STRONGS NT 1242: διαθήκη
διαθήκη, -ης, , (διατίθημι);
1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid (German Verordnung, Willensverfϋgung): Galatians 3:15, where under the name of a man's disposition is meant specifically a testament, so far forth as it is a specimen and example of that disposition [cf. Meyer or Bp. Lightfoot at the passage]; especially the last disposal which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will (so in Greek writings from [Aristophanes], Plato, legg. 11, p. 922 c. following down): Hebrews 9:16f
2. a compact, covenant (Aristophanes av. 440), very often in the Scriptures for בְּרִית (Vulg. testamentum). For the word covenant is used to denote the close relationship which God entered into, first with Noah (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 9:9ff [cf. Sir. 44:18]), then with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their posterity (Leviticus 26:42 [cf. 2 Macc. 1:2]), but especially with Abraham (Genesis 15 and Genesis 17), and afterward through Moses with the people of Israel (Exodus 24; Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 28:69 (Deuteronomy 29:1)). By this last covenant the Israelites are bound to obey God's will as expressed and solemnly promulged in the Mosaic law; and he promises them his almighty protection and blessings of every kind in this world, but threatens transgressors with the severest punishments. Hence, in the N. T. we find mention of αἱ πλάκες τῆς διαθήκης (הַבְּרִית לוּחות, Deuteronomy 9:9, 15), the tables of the law, on which the duties of the covenant were inscribed (Exodus 20); of κιβωτὸς τῆς διαθ. (הַבְּרִית אֲרון, Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 3:6, etc.), the ark of the covenant or law, in which those tables were deposited, Hebrews 9:4; Revelation 11:19; of διαθήκη περιτομῆς, the covenant of circumcision, made with Abraham, whose sign and seal was circumcision (Genesis 17:10ff), Acts 7:8; of τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood of the victims, by the shedding and sprinkling of which the Mosaic covenant was ratified, Hebrews 9:20 from Exodus 24:8; of αἱ διαθῆκαι, the covenants, one made with Abraham, the other through Moses with the Israelites, Romans 9:4 [L text Tr marginal reading διαθήκη] (Wis. 18:22; Sir. 44:11; 2 Macc. 8:15; Epistle of Barnabas 9; [cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166)]); of αἱ διαθῆκαι τῆς ἐπαγγελίας, the covenants to which the promise of salvation through the Messiah was annexed, Ephesians 2:12 (συνθῆκαι ἀγαθῶν ὑποσχέσεων, Wis. 12:21); for Christian salvation is the fulfillment of the divine promises annexed to those covenants, especially to that made with Abraham: Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Romans 11:27; Galatians 3:17 (where διαθήκη is God's arrangement, i. e. the promise made to Abraham). As the new and far more excellent bond of friendship which God in the Messiah's time would enter into with the people of Israel is called, חֲדָשָׁה בְּרִית, καινὴ διαθήκη (Jeremiah 38:31 (Jer. 31:31)) — which divine promise Christ has made good (Hebrews 8:8-10; Hebrews 10:16) — we find in the N. T. two distinct covenants spoken of, δύο διαθῆκαι (Galatians 4:24), namely, the Mosaic and the Christian, with the former of which (τῇ πρώτῃ διαθήκῃ, Hebrews 9:15, 18, cf. 8:9) the latter is contrasted, as καινὴ διαθήκη, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24 (in both passages in R G L [in Matthew in Tr also]); Luke 22:20 [WH reject the passage]; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; κρείττων διαθήκη, Hebrews 7:22; αἰώνιος διαθήκη, Hebrews 13:20; and Christ is called κρείττονος or καινῆς or νέας διαθήκης μεσίτης: Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24. This new covenant binds men to exercise faith in Christ, and God promises them grace and salvation eternal. This covenant Christ set up and ratified by undergoing death; hence, the phrases τὸ αἷμα τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης, τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης (see αἷμα sub at the end), [Hebrews 10:29]; τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς διαθήκης, my blood by the shedding of which the covenant is established, Matthew 26:28 T WH and Mark 14:24 T Tr WH (on two genitives after one noun cf. Matthiae, § 380, Anm. 1; Kühner, ii., p. 288f; [Jelf, § 543, 1, cf § 466; Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 Note 3; Buttmann, 155 (136)]). By metonymy of the contained for the container παλαιὰ διαθήκη is used in 2 Corinthians 3:14 of the sacred books of the O. T. because in them the conditions and principles of the older covenant were recorded. Finally must be noted the amphiboly or twofold use [cf. Philo de mut. nom. § 6] by which the writer to the Hebrews, in Hebrews 9:16f, substitutes for the meaning covenant which διαθήκη bears elsewhere in the Epistle that of testament (see 1 above), and likens Christ to a testator — not only because the author regards eternal blessedness as an inheritance bequeathed by Christ, but also because he is endeavoring to show, both that the attainment of eternal salvation is made possible for the disciples of Christ by his death (Hebrews 9:15), and that even the Mosaic covenant had been consecrated by blood (Hebrews 9:18ff). This, apparently, led the Latin Vulgate to render διαθήκη wherever it occurs in the Bible [i. e. in the New Testament, not always in the Old Testament; see B. D. under the word Covenant, and B. D. American edition under the word Testament] by the word testamentum.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
6:18; 9:9; 15; 17; 17:10
Exodus
20; 24; 24:8
Leviticus
26:42
Deuteronomy
5:2; 9:9; 9:15; 10:8; 29:1; 31:9
Joshua
3:6
Jeremiah
31:31
Matthew
26:28; 26:28
Mark
14:24; 14:24
Luke
1:72; 22:20
Acts
3:25; 7:8
Romans
9:4; 11:27
1 Corinthians
11:25
2 Corinthians
3:6; 3:14
Galatians
3:15; 3:17; 4:24
Ephesians
2:12
Hebrews
7:22; 8:6; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:9; 8:10; 9:4; 9:15; 9:15; 9:15; 9:16; 9:16; 9:18; 9:18; 9:20; 10:16; 10:29; 12:24; 13:20
Revelation
11:19

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1242 matches the Greek διαθήκη (diathēkē),
which occurs 33 times in 30 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:28 - for this is My blood of the covenant, G1242 which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:24 - And He said to them, “This is My blood of the covenant, G1242 which is poured out for many.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:72 - To show mercy toward our fathers,
And to remember His holy covenant, G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:20 - And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant G1242 in My blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - “It is you who are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant G1242 which God [fn]made with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘AND IN YOUR SEED ALL THE FAMILIES OF THE EARTH SHALL BE BLESSED.’
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:8 - “And He gave him [fn]the covenant G1242 of circumcision; and so Abraham became the father of Isaac, and circumcised him on the eighth day; and Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob of the twelve patriarchs.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:4 - who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants G1242 and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:27 - “THIS IS [fn]MY COVENANT G1242 WITH THEM,
WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:25 - In the same way He took the cup also after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant G1242 in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:6 - who also made us adequate as servants of a new covenant, G1242 not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:14 - But their minds were hardened; for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant G1242 the same veil [fn]remains unlifted, because it is removed in Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:15 - Brethren, I speak [fn]in terms of human relations: even though it is only a man’s [fn]covenant, G1242 yet when it has been ratified, no one sets it aside or adds [fn]conditions to it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:17 - What I am saying is this: the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later, does not invalidate a covenant G1242 previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:24 - [fn]This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: G1242 one proceeding from Mount Sinai bearing children [fn]who are to be slaves; [fn]she is Hagar.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:12 - remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, [fn]excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants G1242 of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 7:22 - so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant. G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:6 - But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, G1242 which has been enacted on better promises.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:8 - For finding fault with them, He says,
“BEHOLD, DAYS ARE COMING, SAYS THE LORD,
[fn]WHEN I WILL EFFECT A NEW COVENANT G1242
WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND WITH THE HOUSE OF JUDAH;
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:9 - NOT LIKE THE COVENANT G1242 WHICH I MADE WITH THEIR FATHERS
ON THE DAY WHEN I TOOK THEM BY THE HAND
TO LEAD THEM OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT;
FOR THEY DID NOT CONTINUE IN MY COVENANT G1242,
AND I DID NOT CARE FOR THEM, SAYS THE LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:10 - “FOR THIS IS THE COVENANT G1242 THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL
AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAYS THE LORD:
[fn]I WILL PUT MY LAWS INTO THEIR MINDS,
AND I WILL WRITE THEM ON THEIR HEARTS.
AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD,
AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:4 - having a golden [fn]altar of incense and the ark of the covenant G1242 covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron’s rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant; G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:15 - For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, G1242 so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, G1242 those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:16 - For where a [fn]covenant G1242 is, there must of necessity [fn]be the death of the one who made it.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:17 - For a [fn]covenant G1242 is valid only when [fn]men are dead, [fn]for it is never in force while the one who made it lives.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:20 - saying, “THIS IS THE BLOOD OF THE COVENANT G1242 WHICH GOD COMMANDED YOU.”
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:16 - “THIS IS THE COVENANT G1242 THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THEM
AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAYS THE LORD:
I WILL PUT MY LAWS UPON THEIR HEART,
AND ON THEIR MIND I WILL WRITE THEM,”
He then says,
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:29 - How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant G1242 by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace?
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:24 - and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, G1242 and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 13:20 - Now the God of peace, who brought up from the dead the great Shepherd of the sheep [fn]through the blood of the eternal covenant, G1242 even Jesus our Lord,
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 11:19 - And the [fn]temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant G1242 appeared in His [fn]temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great [fn]hailstorm.
 
 
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