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Lexicon :: Strong's G1242 - diathēkē

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διαθήκη
Transliteration
diathēkē
Pronunciation
dē-ä-thā'-kā (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:106,157

Strong’s Definitions

διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).
  1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will

  2. a compact, a covenant, a testament

    1. God's covenant with Noah, etc.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.
STRONGS NT 1242: διαθήκη
διαθήκη, διαθήκης, (διατίθημι);
1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid (German Verordnung, Willensverfugung): Galatians 3:15, where under the name of a man's disposition is meant specifically a testament, so far forth as it is a specimen and example of that disposition (cf. Meyer or Lightfoot at the passage); especially the last disposal which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will (so in Greek writings from (Aristophanes), Plato, legg. 11, p. 922 c. following down): Hebrews 9:16f
2. a compact, covenant (Aristophanes av. 440), very often in the Scriptures for בְּרִית (Vulg.testamentum). For the word covenant is used to denote the close relationship which God entered into, first with Noah (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 9:9ff (cf. Sir. 44:18)), then with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their posterity (Leviticus 26:42 (cf. 2 Macc. 1:2)), but especially with Abraham (Genesis 15 and Genesis 17), and afterward through Moses with the people of Israel (Exodus 24; Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 28:69 (Deuteronomy 29:1)). By this last covenant the Israelites are bound to obey God's will as expressed and solemnly promulged in the Mosaic law; and he promises them his almighty protection and blessings of every kind in this world, but threatens transgressors with the severest punishments. Hence, in the N. T. we find mention of αἱ πλάκες τῆς διαθήκης (הַבְּרִית לוּחות, Deuteronomy 9:9, 15), the tables of the law, on which the duties of the covenant were inscribed (Exodus 20); of κιβωτός τῆς διαθήκης (הַבְּרִית אֲרון, Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 3:6, etc.), the ark of the covenant or law, in which those tables were deposited, Hebrews 9:4; Revelation 11:19; of διαθήκη περιτομῆς, the covenant of circumcision, made with Abraham, whose sign and seal was circumcision (Genesis 17:10ff), Acts 7:8; of τό αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood of the victims, by the shedding and sprinkling of which the Mosaic covenant was ratified, Hebrews 9:20 from Exodus 24:8; of αἱ διαθῆκαι, the covenants, one made with Abraham, the other through Moses with the Israelites, Romans 9:4 (L text Tr marginal reading διαθήκη) (Sap). 18:22; Sir. 44:11; 2 Macc. 8:15; Epistle of Barnabas 9 [ET]; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166))); of αἱ διαθῆκαι τῆς ἐπαγγελίας, the covenants to which the promise of salvation through the Messiah was annexed, Ephesians 2:12 (συνθηκαι ἀγαθῶν ὑποσχέσεων, Wis. 12:21); for Christian salvation is the fulfillment of the divine promises annexed to those covenants, especially to that made with Abraham: Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Romans 11:27; Galatians 3:17 (where διαθήκη is God's arrangement, i. e. the promise made to Abraham). As the new and far more excellent bond of friendship which God in the Messiah's time would enter into with the people of Israel is called, חֲדָשָׁה בְּרִית, καινή διαθήκη (Jeremiah 38:31 (Jer. 31:31)) — which divine promise Christ has made good (Hebrews 8:8-10; Hebrews 10:16) — we find in the N. T. two distinct covenants spoken of, δύο διαθῆκαι (Galatians 4:24), viz. the Mosaic and the Christian, with the former of which (τῇ πρώτη διαθήκη, Hebrews 9:15, 18, cf. 8:9) the latter is contrasted, as καινή διαθήκη, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24 (in both passages in R G L (in Matthew in Tr also)); Luke 22:20 (WH reject the passage); 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; κρείττων διαθήκη, Hebrews 7:22; αἰώνιος διαθήκη, Hebrews 13:20; and Christ is called κρείττονος or καινῆς or νέας διαθήκης μεσίτης: Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24. This new covenant binds men to exercise faith in Christ, and God promises them grace and salvation eternal. This covenant Christ set up and ratified by undergoing death; hence, the phrases τό αἷμα τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης, τό αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης (see αἷμα sub at the end) (Hebrews 10:29); τό αἷμα μου τῆς διαθήκης, my blood by the shedding of which the covenant is established, Matthew 26:28 T WH and Mark 14:24 T Tr WH (on two genitives after one noun cf. Matthiae, § 380, Anm. 1; Kühner, ii., p. 288f; (Jelf, § 543, 1, cf § 466; Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 Note 3; Buttmann, 155 (136))). By metonymy of the contained for the container παλαιά διαθήκη is used in 2 Corinthians 3:14 of the sacred books of the O. T. because in them the conditions and principles of the older covenant were recorded. Finally must be noted the amphiboly or twofold use (cf. Philo de mut. nom. § 6) by which the writer to the Hebrews, in Hebrews 9:16f, substitutes for the meaning covenant which διαθήκη bears elsewhere in the Epistle that of testament (see 1 above), and likens Christ to a testator — not only because the author regards eternal blessedness as an inheritance bequeathed by Christ, but also because he is endeavoring to show, both that the attainment of eternal salvation is made possible for the disciples of Christ by his death (Hebrews 9:15), and that even the Mosaic covenant had been consecrated by blood (Hebrews 9:18ff). This, apparently, led the Latin Vulg. to render διαθήκη wherever it occurs in the Bible (i. e. in the New Testament, not always in the Old Testament; see B. D. under the word , and B. D. American edition under the word ) by the wordtestamentum.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
6:18; 9:9; 15; 17; 17:10
Exodus
20; 24; 24:8
Leviticus
26:42
Deuteronomy
5:2; 9:9; 9:15; 10:8; 29:1; 31:9
Joshua
3:6
Jeremiah
31:31
Matthew
26:28; 26:28
Mark
14:24; 14:24
Luke
1:72; 22:20
Acts
3:25; 7:8
Romans
9:4; 11:27
1 Corinthians
11:25
2 Corinthians
3:6; 3:14
Galatians
3:15; 3:17; 4:24
Ephesians
2:12
Hebrews
7:22; 8:6; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:9; 8:10; 9:4; 9:15; 9:15; 9:15; 9:16; 9:16; 9:18; 9:18; 9:20; 10:16; 10:29; 12:24; 13:20
Revelation
11:19

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1242 matches the Greek διαθήκη (diathēkē),
which occurs 33 times in 30 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:28 - hic est enim sanguis meus novi testamenti qui pro multis effunditur in remissionem peccatorum
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:24 - et ait illis hic est sanguis meus novi testamenti qui pro multis effunditur
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:72 - ad faciendam misericordiam cum patribus nostris et memorari testamenti sui sancti
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:20 - similiter et calicem postquam cenavit dicens hic est calix novum testamentum in sanguine meo quod pro vobis funditur
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - vos estis filii prophetarum et testamenti quod disposuit Deus ad patres vestros dicens ad Abraham et in semine tuo benedicentur omnes familiae terrae
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:8 - et dedit illi testamentum circumcisionis et sic genuit Isaac et circumcidit eum die octava et Isaac Iacob et Iacob duodecim patriarchas
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:4 - qui sunt Israhelitae quorum adoptio est filiorum et gloria et testamenta et legislatio et obsequium et promissa
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:27 - et hoc illis a me testamentum cum abstulero peccata eorum
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:25 - similiter et calicem postquam cenavit dicens hic calix novum testamentum est in meo sanguine hoc facite quotienscumque bibetis in meam commemorationem
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:6 - qui et idoneos nos fecit ministros novi testamenti non litterae sed Spiritus littera enim occidit Spiritus autem vivificat
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:14 - sed obtusi sunt sensus eorum usque in hodiernum enim diem id ipsum velamen in lectione veteris testamenti manet non revelatum quoniam in Christo evacuatur
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:15 - fratres secundum hominem dico tamen hominis confirmatum testamentum nemo spernit aut superordinat
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:17 - hoc autem dico testamentum confirmatum a Deo quae post quadringentos et triginta annos facta est lex non irritam facit ad evacuandam promissionem
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:24 - quae sunt per allegoriam dicta haec enim sunt duo testamenta unum quidem a monte Sina in servitutem generans quae est Agar
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:12 - quia eratis illo in tempore sine Christo alienati a conversatione Israhel et hospites testamentorum promissionis spem non habentes et sine Deo in mundo
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 7:22 - in tantum melioris testamenti sponsor factus est Iesus
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:6 - nunc autem melius sortitus est ministerium quanto et melioris testamenti mediator est quod in melioribus repromissionibus sanctum est
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:8 - vituperans enim eos dicit ecce dies veniunt dicit Dominus et consummabo super domum Israhel et super domum Iuda testamentum novum
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:9 - non secundum testamentum quod feci patribus eorum in die qua adprehendi manum illorum ut educerem illos de terra Aegypti quoniam ipsi non permanserunt in testamento meo et ego neglexi eos dicit Dominus
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:10 - quia hoc testamentum quod disponam domui Israhel post dies illos dicit Dominus dando leges meas in mentem eorum et in corde eorum superscribam eas et ero eis in Deum et ipsi erunt mihi in populum
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:4 - aureum habens turibulum et arcam testamenti circumtectam ex omni parte auro in qua urna aurea habens manna et virga Aaron quae fronduerat et tabulae testamenti
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:15 - et ideo novi testamenti mediator est ut morte intercedente in redemptionem earum praevaricationum quae erant sub priore testamento repromissionem accipiant qui vocati sunt aeternae hereditatis
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:16 - ubi enim testamentum mors necesse est intercedat testatoris
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:17 - testamentum enim in mortuis confirmatum est alioquin nondum valet dum vivit qui testatus est
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:20 - dicens hic sanguis testamenti quod mandavit ad vos Deus
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:16 - hoc autem testamentum quod testabor ad illos post dies illos dicit Dominus dando leges meas in cordibus eorum et in mente eorum superscribam eas
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:29 - quanto magis putatis deteriora mereri supplicia qui Filium Dei conculcaverit et sanguinem testamenti pollutum duxerit in quo sanctificatus est et Spiritui gratiae contumeliam fecerit
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:24 - et testamenti novi mediatorem Iesum et sanguinis sparsionem melius loquentem quam Abel
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 13:20 - Deus autem pacis qui eduxit de mortuis pastorem magnum ovium in sanguine testamenti aeterni Dominum nostrum Iesum
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 11:19 - et apertum est templum Dei in caelo et visa est arca testamenti eius in templo eius et facta sunt fulgora et voces et terraemotus et grando magna
 
 
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