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Lexicon :: Strong's G80 - adelphos

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ἀδελφός
Transliteration
adelphos
Pronunciation
ä-del-fo's (Key)
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From ἄλφα (G1) (as a connective particle) and delphus (the womb)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 1:144,22

Strong’s Definitions

ἀδελφός adelphós, ad-el-fos'; from G1 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς delphýs (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G1):—brother.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 346x

The KJV translates Strong's G80 in the following manner: brethren (226x), brother (113x), brother's (6x), brother's way (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 346x
The KJV translates Strong's G80 in the following manner: brethren (226x), brother (113x), brother's (6x), brother's way (1x).
  1. a brother, whether born of the same two parents or only of the same father or mother

  2. having the same national ancestor, belonging to the same people, or countryman

  3. any fellow or man

  4. a fellow believer, united to another by the bond of affection

  5. an associate in employment or office

  6. brethren in Christ

    1. his brothers by blood

    2. all men

    3. apostles

    4. Christians, as those who are exalted to the same heavenly place

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἀδελφός adelphós, ad-el-fos'; from G1 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς delphýs (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G1):—brother.
STRONGS NT 80: ἀδελφός
ἀδελφός, -οῦ, (from α copulative and δελφύς, from the same womb; cf. ἀγάστωρ) [from Homer down];
1. a brother (whether born of the same two parents, or only of the same father or the same mother): Matthew 1:2; Matthew 4:18, and often. That 'the brethren of Jesus,' Matthew 12:46, 47 [but WH only in marginal reading]; Matthew 13:55f; Mark 6:3 (in the last two passages also sisters); Luke 8:19; John 2:12; John 7:3; Acts 1:14; Galatians 1:19; 1 Corinthians 9:5, are neither sons of Joseph by a wife married before Mary (which is the account in the Apocryphal Gospels [cf. Thilo, Cod. Apocr. N. T. i. 362f]), nor cousins, the children of Alphæus or Cleophas [i. e. Clopas] and Mary a sister of the mother of Jesus (the current opinion among the doctors of the church since Jerome and Augustine [cf. Bp. Lightfoot's Commentary on Galatians, diss. ii.]), according to that use of language by which ἀδελφός like the Hebrew אָח denotes any blood-relation or kinsman (Genesis 14:16; 1 Samuel 20:29; 2 Kings 10:13; 1 Chronicles 23:22, etc.), but own brothers, born after Jesus, is clear principally from Matthew 1:25 [only in R G]; Luke 2:7 — where, had Mary borne no other children after Jesus, instead of υἱὸν πρωτότοκον, the expression υἱὸν μονογενῆ would have been used, as well as from Acts 1:14, cf. John 7:5, where the Lord's brethren are distinguished from the apostles.
See further on this point under Ἰάκωβος, 3. [Cf. B. D. under the word Brother; Andrews, Life of our Lord, pp. 104-116; Bib. Sacr. for 1864, pp. 855-869; for 1869, pp. 745-758; Laurent, N. T. Studien, pp. 153-193; McClellan, note on Matthew 13:55.]
2. according to a Hebrew use of אָח (Exodus 2:11; Exodus 4:18, etc.), hardly to be met with in secular authors, having the same national ancestor, belonging to the same people, countryman; so the Jews (as the σπέρμα Ἀβραάμ, υἱοἰ Ἰσραήλ, cf. Acts 13:26; [in Deuteronomy 15:3 opposed to ἀλλότριος, cf. Acts 17:15; Acts 15:12; Philo de septen. § 9 at the beginning]) are called ἀδελφοί: Matthew 5:47; Acts 3:22 (Deuteronomy 18:15); Acts 7:23; 22:5; 28:15, 21; Romans 9:3; in address, Acts 2:29; Acts 3:17; Acts 23:1; Hebrews 7:5.
3. just as in Leviticus 19:17 the word אָח is used interchangeably with רֵַעַ (but, as Leviticus 19:16, 18 show, in speaking of Israelites), so in the sayings of Christ, Matthew 5:22, 24; Matthew 7:3ff, ἀδελφός is used for πλησίον to denote (as appears from Luke 10:29ff) any fellow-man — as having one and the same father with others, viz. God (Hebrews 2:11), and as descended from the same first ancestor (Acts 17:26); cf. Epictetus diss. 1, 13, 3.
4. a fellow-believer, united to another by the bond of affection; so most frequently of Christians, constituting as it were but a single family: Matthew 23:8; John 21:23; Acts 6:3 [Lachmann omits]; Acts 9:30; 11:1; Galatians 1:2; 1 Corinthians 5:11; Philippians 1:14, etc.; in courteous address, Romans 1:13; Romans 7:1; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 1 John 2:7 Rec., and often elsewhere; yet in the phraseology of John it has reference to the new life unto which men are begotten again by the efficiency of a common father, even God: 1 John 2:9ff; 1 John 3:10, 14; etc., cf. 1 John 5:1.
5. an associate in employment or office: 1 Corinthians 1:1; 2 Corinthians 1:1; 2 Corinthians 2:13 (12); Ephesians 6:21; Colossians 1:1.
6. brethren of Christ is used of,
a. his brothers by blood; see 1 above.
b. all men: Matthew 25:40 [Lachmann brackets]; Hebrews 2:11f [others refer these examples to d.]
c. apostles: Matthew 28:10; John 20:17.
d. Christians, as those who are destined to be exalted to the same heavenly δόξα (which see, III. 4 b.) which he enjoys: Romans 8:29.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
14:16
Exodus
2:11; 4:18
Leviticus
19:16; 19:17; 19:18
Deuteronomy
15:3; 18:15
1 Samuel
20:29
2 Kings
10:13
1 Chronicles
23:22
Matthew
1:2; 1:25; 4:18; 5:22; 5:24; 5:47; 7:3; 12:46; 12:47; 13:55; 13:55; 23:8; 25:40; 28:10
Mark
6:3
Luke
2:7; 8:19; 10:29
John
2:12; 7:3; 7:5; 20:17; 21:23
Acts
1:14; 1:14; 2:29; 3:17; 3:22; 6:3; 7:23; 9:30; 11:1; 13:26; 15:12; 17:15; 17:26; 22:5; 23:1; 28:15; 28:21
Romans
1:13; 7:1; 8:29; 9:3
1 Corinthians
1:1; 1:10; 5:11; 9:5
2 Corinthians
1:1; 2:13
Galatians
1:2; 1:19
Ephesians
6:21
Philippians
1:14
Colossians
1:1
Hebrews
2:11; 2:11; 7:5
1 John
2:7; 2:9; 3:10; 3:14; 5:1

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G80 matches the Greek ἀδελφός (adelphos),
which occurs 346 times in 319 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Page 1 / 7 (Mat 1:2–Luk 3:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 1:2 - Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 1:11 - Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:18 - And Jesus, walking by the Sea of Galilee, saw two brothers, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:21 - Going on from there, He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets. He called them,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:22 - “But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause[fn] shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hell fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:23 - “Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:24 - “leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:47 - “And if you greet your brethren[fn] only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors[fn] do so?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:3 - “And why do you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the plank in your own eye?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:4 - “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me remove the speck from your eye’; and look, a plank is in your own eye?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:5 - “Hypocrite! First remove the plank from your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:2 - Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:21 - “Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:46 - While He was still talking to the multitudes, behold, His mother and brothers stood outside, seeking to speak with Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:47 - Then one said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with You.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:48 - But He answered and said to the one who told Him, “Who is My mother and who are My brothers?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:49 - And He stretched out His hand toward His disciples and said, “Here are My mother and My brothers!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:50 - “For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:55 - “Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, Joses,[fn] Simon, and Judas?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 14:3 - For Herod had laid hold of John and bound him, and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 17:1 - Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:15 - “Moreover if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:21 - Then Peter came to Him and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:35 - “So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother his trespasses.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:29 - “And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife[fn] or children or lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:24 - And when the ten heard it, they were greatly displeased with the two brothers.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:24 - saying: “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:25 - “Now there were with us seven brothers. The first died after he had married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:8 - “But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your Teacher, the Christ,[fn] and you are all brethren.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:40 - “And the King will answer and say to them, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 28:10 - Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid. Go and tell My brethren to go to Galilee, and there they will see Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:16 - And as He walked by the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:19 - When He had gone a little farther from there, He saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the boat mending their nets.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:17 - James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James, to whom He gave the name Boanerges, that is, “Sons of Thunder”;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:31 - Then His brothers and His mother came, and standing outside they sent to Him, calling Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:32 - And a multitude was sitting around Him; and they said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers[fn] are outside seeking You.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:33 - But He answered them, saying, “Who is My mother, or My brothers?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:34 - And He looked around in a circle at those who sat about Him, and said, “Here are My mother and My brothers!
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:35 - “For whoever does the will of God is My brother and My sister and mother.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 5:37 - And He permitted no one to follow Him except Peter, James, and John the brother of James.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:3 - “Is this not the carpenter, the Son of Mary, and brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And are not His sisters here with us?” So they were offended at Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:17 - For Herod himself had sent and laid hold of John, and bound him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife; for he had married her.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:18 - Because John had said to Herod, “It is not lawful for you to have your brother’s wife.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:29 - So Jesus answered and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife[fn] or children or lands, for My sake and the gospel’s,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:30 - “who shall not receive a hundredfold now in this time—houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions—and in the age to come, eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:19 - “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies, and leaves his wife behind, and leaves no children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:20 - “Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife; and dying, he left no offspring.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:12 - “Now brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:1 - Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:19 - But Herod the tetrarch, being rebuked by him concerning Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife,[fn] and for all the evils which Herod had done,

 
 
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