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Lexicon :: Strong's G5590 - psychē

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ψυχή
Transliteration
psychē
Pronunciation
psü-khā' (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:608,1342

Strong’s Definitions

ψυχή psychḗ, psoo-khay'; from G5594; breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew H5315, H7307 and H2416):—heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 105x

The KJV translates Strong's G5590 in the following manner: soul (58x), life (40x), mind (3x), heart (1x), heartily (with G1537) (1x), not translated (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 105x
The KJV translates Strong's G5590 in the following manner: soul (58x), life (40x), mind (3x), heart (1x), heartily (with G1537) (1x), not translated (2x).
  1. breath

    1. the breath of life

      1. the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing

        1. of animals

        2. of men

    2. life

    3. that in which there is life

      1. a living being, a living soul

  2. the soul

    1. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our heart, soul etc.)

    2. the (human) soul in so far as it is constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life

    3. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from other parts of the body)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ψυχή psychḗ, psoo-khay'; from G5594; breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew H5315, H7307 and H2416):—heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.
STRONGS NT 5590: ψυχή
ψυχή, ψυχῆς, (ψύχω, to breathe, blow), from Homer down, the Sept. times too many to count for נֶפֶשׁ, occasionally also for לֵב and לֵבָב;
1. breath (Latin anima), i. e.
a. the breath of life; the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing: Acts 20:10; of animals, Revelation 8:9 (Genesis 9:4; Genesis 35:18; ἐπιστραφήτω ψυχή τοῦ παιδαρίου, 1 Kings 17:21); so also in those passages where, in accordance with the trichotomy or threefold division of human nature by the Greeks, ψυχή; is distinguished from τό πνεῦμα (see πνευαμ, 2, p. 520a (and references under the word πνεῦμα 5)), 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12.
b. life: μέριμναν τῇ ψυχή, Matthew 6:25; Luke 12:22; τήν ψυχήν ἀγαπᾶν, Revelation 12:11; (μισεῖν, Luke 14:26); τιθέναι, John 10:11, 15, 17; John 13:37; John 15:13; 1 John 3:16; παραδιδόναι, Acts 15:26; διδόναι (λύτρον, which see), Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45; ζητεῖν τήν ψυχήν τίνος (see ζητέω, 1 a.), Matthew 2:20; Romans 11:3; add, Matthew 6:25; Mark 3:4; Luke 6:9; Luke 12:20, 23; Acts 20:24; Acts 27:10, 22; Romans 16:4; 2 Corinthians 1:23; Philippians 2:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; in the pointed aphorisms of Christ, intended to fix themselves in the minds of his hearers, the phrases εὑρίσκειν, σῴζειν, ἀπολλύναι τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, etc., designate as ψυχή in one of the antithetic members the life which is lived on earth, in the other, the (blessed) life in the eternal kingdom of God: Matthew 10:39; Matthew 16:25; Mark 8:35-37; Luke 9:24, 56 Rec.; Luke 17:33; John 12:25; the life destined to enjoy the Messianic salvation is meant also in the following phrases ((where R. V. soul)): περιποίησις ψυχῆς, Hebrews 10:39; κτᾶσθαι τάς ψυχάς, Luke 21:19; ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν (here A. V. (not R. V.) for you; cf. c. below), 2 Corinthians 12:15.
c. that in which there is life; a living being: ψυχή ζῶσα, a living soul, 1 Corinthians 15:45; (Revelation 16:3 R Tr marginal reading) (Genesis 2:7; plural Genesis 1:20); πᾶσα ψυχή ζωῆς, Revelation 16:3 (G L T Tr text WH) (Leviticus 11:10); πᾶσα ψυχή, every soul, i. e. everyone, Acts 2:43; Acts 3:23; Romans 13:1 (so כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ, Leviticus 7:17 (27); Lev. 17:12); with ἀνθρώπου added, every soul of man (אָדָם נֶפֶשׁ, Numbers 31:40, 46 (cf. 1 Macc. 2:38)), Romans 2:9. ψυχαί, souls (like the Latin capita) i. e. persons (in enumerations; cf. German Seelenzahl): Acts 2:41; Acts 7:14; Acts 27:37; 1 Peter 3:20 (Genesis 46:15, 18, 22, 26, 27; Exodus 1:5; Exodus 12:4; Leviticus 2:1; Numbers 19:11, 13, 18; (Deuteronomy 10:22); the examples from Greek authors (cf. Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii, p. 2590b) are of a different sort (yet cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2)); ψυχαί ἀνθρώπων of slaves (A. V. souls of men (R. V. with marginal reading 'Or lives')), Revelation 18:13 (so (Numbers 31:35); Ezekiel 27:13; see σῶμα, 1 c. (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 22, 7 N. 3)).
2. the soul (Latin animus),
a. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our soul, heart, etc. (R. V. almost uniformly soul); for examples from Greek writings see Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii., p. 2589b; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ, cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus ii, p. 901 in 3): Luke 1:46; Luke 2:35; John 10:24 (cf. αἴρω, 1 b.); Acts 14:2, 22; Acts 15:24; Hebrews 6:19; 2 Peter 2:8, 14; ἐπιθυμία τῆς ψυχῆς, Revelation 18:14; ἀνάπαυσιν ταῖς ψυχαῖς εὑρίσκειν, Matthew 11:29; ψυχή,... ἀναπαύου, φάγε, πίε (WH brackets these three imperatives), εὐφραίνου (personification and direct address), Luke 12:19, cf. Luke 12:18 ( ψυχή ἀναπαύσεται, Xenophon, Cyril 6, 2, 28; ἐυφραίνειν τήν ψυχήν, Aelian v. h. 1, 32); εὐδοκεῖ ψυχή μου (anthropopathically, of God), Matthew 12:18; Hebrews 10:38; περίλυπος ἐστιν ψυχή μου, Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34; ψυχή μου τετάρακται, John 12:27; ταῖς ψυχαῖς ὑμῶν ἀκλυόμενοι (fainting in your souls (cf. ἐκλύω, 2 b.)), Hebrews 12:3; ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή σου, with all thy soul, Matthew 22:37; (Luke 10:27 L text T Tr WH); ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου (Latin ex toto animo), with (literally, from (cf. ἐκ, II. 12 b.)) all thy soul, Mark 12:30, 33 (here T WH omit; L Tr marginal reading brackets the phrase); Luke 10:27 (R G) (Deuteronomy 6:5; (Epictetus diss. 3, 22, 18 (cf. Xenophon, anab. 7, 7, 43)); Antoninus 3, 4; (especially 4, 31; 12, 29); ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή φροντίζειν τίνος (rather, with κεχαρισθαι), Xenophon, mem. 3, 11, 10); μία ψυχή, with one soul (cf. πνεῦμα, 2, p. 520a bottom), Philippians 1:27; τοῦ πλήθους... ἦν καρδία καί ψυχή μία, Acts 4:32 (ἐρωτηθεις τί ἐστι φίλος, ἔφη. μία ψυχή δύο σώμασιν ἐνοικουσα, (Diogenes Laërtius 5, 20 (cf. Aristotle, eth. Nic. 9, 8, 2, p. 1168b, 7; on the elliptical ἀπό μιᾶς (namely, ψυχῆς?), see ἀπό, III.)); ἐκ ψυχῆς, from the heart, heartily (Ephesians 6:6 (Tr WH with Ephesians 6:7)); Colossians 3:23 (ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς often in Xenophon; τό ἐκ ψυχῆς πένθος, Josephus, Antiquities 17, 6, 5).
b. the (human) soul in so far as it is so constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life: 3 John 1:2; ἀγρύπνειν ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν, Hebrews 13:17; ἐπιθυμίαι, αἵτινες στρατεύονται κατά τῆς ψυχῆς, 1 Peter 2:11; ἐπίσκοπος τῶν ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 2:25; σῴζειν τάς ψυχάς, James 1:21; ψυχήν ἐκ θανάτου, from eternal death, James 5:20; σωτηρία ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 1:9; ἁγνίζειν τάς ψυχάς ἑαυτῶν, 1 Peter 1:22; (τάς ψυχάς πιστῷ κτίστῃ παρατίθεσθαι, 1 Peter 4:19).
c. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from τό σῶμα, as the other part of human nature (so in Greek writings from Isocrates and Xenophon down; cf. examples in Passow, under the word, p. 2589{a} bottom; Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2)): Matthew 10:28, cf. 4 Macc. 13:14 (it is called ἀθάνατος, Herodotus 2, 123; Plato Phaedr., p. 245 c., 246 a., others; ἄφθαρτος, Josephus, b. j. 2, 8, 14; διαλυθῆναι τήν ψυχήν ἀπό τοῦ σώματος, Epictetus diss. 3, 10, 14); the soul freed from the body, a disembodied soul, Acts 2:27, 31 Rec.; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 20:4 (Wis. 3:1; (on the Homeric use of the word, see Ebeling, Lex. Homer, under the word, 3, and references at the end, also Proudfit in Bib. Sacr. for 1858, pp. 753-805)).
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
1:20; 2:7; 9:4; 35:18; 46:15; 46:18; 46:22; 46:26; 46:27
Exodus
1:5; 12:4
Leviticus
2:1; 7:17; 11:10; 17:12
Numbers
19:11; 19:13; 19:18; 31:35; 31:40; 31:46
Deuteronomy
6:5; 10:22
1 Kings
17:21
Ezekiel
27:13
Matthew
2:20; 6:25; 6:25; 10:4; 10:28; 10:39; 11:29; 12:18; 16:25; 20:28; 22:37; 26:38
Mark
3:4; 8:35; 8:36; 8:37; 10:45; 12:30; 12:33; 14:34
Luke
1:46; 2:35; 6:9; 9:24; 9:56; 10:27; 10:27; 12:18; 12:19; 12:20; 12:22; 12:23; 14:26; 17:33; 21:19
John
10:11; 10:15; 10:17; 10:24; 12:25; 12:27; 13:37; 15:13
Acts
2:27; 2:31; 2:41; 2:43; 3:23; 4:32; 7:14; 14:2; 14:22; 15:24; 15:26; 20:10; 20:24; 27:10; 27:22; 27:37
Romans
2:9; 11:3; 13:1; 16:4
1 Corinthians
15:45
2 Corinthians
1:23; 12:15
Ephesians
6:6; 6:7
Philippians
1:27; 2:30
Colossians
3:23
1 Thessalonians
2:8; 5:23
Hebrews
4:12; 6:19; 10:38; 10:39; 12:3; 13:17
James
1:21; 5:20
1 Peter
1:9; 1:22; 2:11; 2:25; 3:20; 4:19
2 Peter
2:8; 2:14
1 John
3:16
3 John
1:2
Revelation
6:9; 8:9; 12:11; 16:3; 16:3; 18:13; 18:14; 20:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5590 matches the Greek ψυχή (psychē),
which occurs 105 times in 95 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Page 2 / 2 (Act 15:24–Rev 20:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:24 - Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, G5590 saying, Ye must be circumcised, and keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment:
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:26 - Men that have hazarded their lives G5590 for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 20:10 - And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life G5590 is in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 20:24 - But none of these things move me, neither count I my life G5590 dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:10 - And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:22 - And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of any man's life G5590 among you, but of the ship.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:37 - And we were in all in the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:9 - Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul G5590 of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:3 - Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my life. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:1 - Let every soul G5590 be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 16:4 - Who have for my life G5590 laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 15:45 - And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; G5590 the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 1:23 - Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, G5590 that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 12:15 - And I will very gladly spend and be spent for you; G5590 though the more abundantly I love you, the less I be loved.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 6:6 - Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart; G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxPhl 1:27 - Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind G5590 striving together for the faith of the gospel;
Unchecked Copy BoxPhl 2:30 - Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, G5590 to supply your lack of service toward me.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 3:23 - And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, G5590 as to the Lord, and not unto men;
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 2:8 - So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, G5590 because ye were dear unto us.
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 5:23 - And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul G5590 and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 4:12 - For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul G5590 and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 6:19 - Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, G5590 both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:38 - Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul G5590 shall have no pleasure in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:39 - But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:3 - For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 13:17 - Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, G5590 as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:21 - Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. G5590
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 5:20 - Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul G5590 from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 1:9 - Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. G5590
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 1:22 - Seeing ye have purified your souls G5590 in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 2:11 - Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul; G5590
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 2:25 - For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. G5590
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 3:20 - Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls G5590 were saved by water.
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 4:19 - Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls G5590 to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:8 - (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul G5590 from day to day with their unlawful deeds;)
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:14 - Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: G5590 an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 3:16 - Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life G5590 for us: and we ought to lay down our lives G5590 for the brethren.
Unchecked Copy Box3Jo 1:2 - Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul G5590 prospereth.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 6:9 - And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls G5590 of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 8:9 - And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, G5590 died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 12:11 - And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives G5590 unto the death.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 16:3 - And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul G5590 died in the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 18:13 - And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls G5590 of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 18:14 - And the fruits that thy soul G5590 lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 20:4 - And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls G5590 of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

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