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Lexicon :: Strong's G1344 - dikaioō

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δικαιόω
Transliteration
dikaioō
Pronunciation
dē-kī-o'-ō (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:211,168

Strong’s Definitions

δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).
  1. to render righteous or such he ought to be

  2. to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered

  3. to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.
STRONGS NT 1344: δικαιόω
δικαιόω, δικαίῳ; future δικαιώσω; 1 aorist ἐδικαίωσα; passive (present δικαιοῦμαι); perfect δεδικαίωμαι; 1 aorist ἐδικαιωθην; future δικαιωθήσομαι; (δίκαιος); the Sept. for צִדֵּק and הִצְדִּיק;
1. properly, (according to the analogy of other verbs ending in, as τυφλόω, δουλόω) to make δίκαιος; to render righteous or such as he ought to be; (Vulg.justifico); but this meaning is extremely rare, if not altogether doubtful; ἐδικαίωσα τήν καρδίαν μου stands for לְבָבִי זִכִּיתִי in Psalm 72:13 (Ps. 73:13) (unless I have shown my heart to be upright be preferred as the rendering of the Greek there).
2. τινα, to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered (Ezekiel 16:51f; τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, Jeremiah 3:11, and, probably, δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, Isaiah 53:11): σοφία ἐδικαιώθη ἀπό τῶν τέκνων αὐτῆς, the wisdom taught and exemplified by John the Baptist, and by Jesus, gained from its disciples (i. e. from their life, character, and deeds) the benefit of being shown to be righteous, i. e. true and divine (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); others interpret, was acknowledged to be righteous on the part of (nearly, equivalent to, by) her children; cf. Buttmann, 325 (280); see ἀπό, II. 2 d. bb.), Luke 7:35; Matthew 11:19 (here T Tr text WH read ἔργων, i. e. by her works); passive, of Christ: ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, evinced to be righteous as to his spiritual (divine ((?) cf. e. g. Ellicott at the passage or Meyer on Romans 1:4)) nature, 1 Timothy 3:16; of God: ὅπως δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, Romans 3:4 from Psalm 50:6 (Psalms 51:6) (κύριος μόνος δικαιωθήσεται, Sir. 18:2); passive used reflexively, to show oneself righteous: of men, Revelation 22:11 Rec.; (τί δικαιωθῶμεν; Genesis 44:16).
3. τινα, to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be, (cf. ὁμοιόω to declare to be like, liken, i. e. compare; ὁσιόω, Wis. 6:11; ἀξιόω, which never means to make worthy, but to judge worthy, to declare worthy, to treat as worthy; see also κοινόω, 2 b.);
a. with the negative idea predominant, to declare guiltless one accused or who may be accused, acquitted of a charge or reproach, (Deuteronomy 25:1; Sir. 13:22 (21), etc.; an unjust judge is said δικαιοῦν τόν ἀσεβῆ in Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 5:23): ἑαυτόν, Luke 10:29; passive οὐ δεδικαίωμαι, namely, with God, 1 Corinthians 4:4; pregnantly with ἀπό τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν added, to be declared innocent and therefore to be absolved from the charge of sins (cf. Buttmann, 322 (277)), Acts 13:38 (39) (so ἀπό ἁμαρτίας, Sir. 26:29; simply, to be absolved, namely, from the payment of a vow, Sir. 18:22 (21)); hence, figuratively, by a usage not met with elsewhere, to be freed, ἀπό τῆς ἁμαρτίας, from its dominion, Romans 6:7, where cf. Fritzsche or ((less fully) Meyer).
b. with the positive idea predominant, to judge, declare, pronounce, righteous and therefore acceptable, (God is said δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, 1 Kings 8:32): ἑαυτόν, Luke 16:15; ἐδικαίωσαν τόν Θεόν, declared God to be righteous, i. e. by receiving the baptism declared that it had been prescribed by God rightly, Luke 7:29; passive by God, Romans 2:13; ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, got his reputation for righteousness (namely, with his countrymen (but see Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage)) by works, Romans 4:2; ἐκ τῶν λόγων, by thy words, in contrast with καταδικάζεσθαι, namely, by God, Matthew 12:37. Especially is it so used, in the technical phraseology of Paul, respecting God who judges and declares such men as put faith in Christ to be righteous and acceptable to him, and accordingly fit to receive the pardon of their sins and eternal life (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c.): thus absolutely, δικαιοῦν τινα, Romans 3:26; Romans 4:5; Romans 8:30, 33 (namely, ἡμᾶς, opposed to ἐγκάλειν); with the addition of ἐκ (in consequence of) πίστεως, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:8; of διά τῆς πίστεως, Romans 3:30; men are said δικαιοῦσθαι, δικαιωθῆναι, τῇ χάριτι τοῦ Θεοῦ, Titus 3:7; δωρεάν τῇ χάριτι τοῦ Θεοῦ, Romans 3:24 πίστει, Romans 3:28; ἐκ πίστεως, by means of faith, Romans 5:1; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:24; ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ (as the meritorious cause of their acceptance, as the old theologians say, faith being the apprehending or subjective cause), Romans 5:9; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καί ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν, by confessing the name of the Lord (which implies faith in him, Romans 10:10, cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13), and by the Spirit of God (which has awakened faith in the soul), 1 Corinthians 6:11; ἐν Χριστῷ through Christ, Galatians 2:17; Acts 13:39; it is vehemently denied by Paul, that a man δικαιοῦται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, Galatians 2:16 — with the addition ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ, i. e. of God, Romans 3:20, cf. Romans 3:28; Romans 4:2, (see δικαιοσύνην, 1 c. under the end) — a statement which is affirmed by James in James 2:21, 24f (though he says simply ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται, significantly omitting νόμου); to the same purport Paul denies that a man δικαιοῦται ἐν νόμῳ, in obeying the law, or by keeping it, Galatians 5:4; with the addition, παρά τῷ Θεῷ, in the sight of God, Galatians 3:11. Luke 18:14 teaches that a man δικαιοῦται by deep sorrow for his sins, which so humbles him that he hopes for salvation only from divine grace. The Pauline conceptions of δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω, are elucidated especially by Winzer, De vocabulis δίκαιος, etc., in Ep. ad Rom., Lipsius 1831; Usteri, Paulin. Lehrbegriff, p. 86f edition 4 etc.; Neander, Gesch. der Pfianzung as above with ii., p. 567ff et passim, edition 3 (Robinson's translation of edition 4, pp. 382ff, 417ff); Baur, Paulus, p. 572ff ((Zeller's) edition 2, vol. ii 145-183; English translation, vol. ii, p. 134ff); Rauwenhoff Disquisitio etc., Lugd. Bat. 1852; Lipsius, Die paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, Lpz. 1853; Schmid, Biblical Theologie des N. T., p. 562ff edition 2 (p. 558ff edition 4; English translation, p. 495f); Ernesti, Vom Ursprung der Sunde as above with i., p. 152ff; Messner, Lehre der Apostel, p. 256ff (summary by S. R. Asbury in Bib. Sacr. for 1870, p. 140f); Jul. Kostlin in the Jahrbb. fur deutsche Theol. 1856 fasc. 1, p. 85ff; Wieseler, Commentar u. d. Br. an d. Galater, pp. 176ff (see in Schaff's Lange's Rom., p. 122f); Kahnis, Lutherische Dogmatik, Bd. i., p. 592ff; Philippi, Dogmatik, v. 1, p. 208ff; Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. § 65; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Versohnung u. Rechtf. ii. 318ff; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 172ff (English translation, vol. i., p. 171ff; but especially Dr. James Morison, Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, pp. 163-198. On the patristic usage see Reithmayr, Galaterbrief, p. 177f; Cremer, Worterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 285; Suicer, Thesaurus under the word). In classic Greek δικαιόω (Ionic δικαιέω, Herodotus) is:
1. equivalent to δίκαιον νομίζω, to deem right or fair: τί, often followed by the infinitive; to choose what is right and fair, hence, universally, to choose, desire, decide: Herodotus, Sophocles, Thucydides, others.
2. with the accusative of person, τό δίκαιον ποιῶ τινα to do one justice, in a bad sense, viz. to condemn, punish, one: Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others; hence, δικαιοῦσθαι, to have justice done oneself, to suffer justice, be treated rightly, opposed to ἀδικεῖσθαι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 9, 11, p. 1136{a}, 18ff (In like manner the German rechtfertigen in its early forensic use bore a bad sense, viz. to try judicially (so for ἀνακρίνειν, Acts 12:19 Luther), then condemn; execute judgment, especially put to death.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
44:16
Exodus
23:7
Deuteronomy
25:1
1 Kings
8:32
Psalms
50:6; 51:6; 72:13; 73:13
Isaiah
5:23; 53:11
Jeremiah
3:11
Ezekiel
16:51
Matthew
11:19; 12:37
Luke
7:29; 7:35; 10:29; 16:15; 18:14
Acts
12:19; 13:38; 13:39
Romans
1:4; 2:13; 3:4; 3:20; 3:24; 3:26; 3:28; 3:28; 3:30; 3:30; 4:2; 4:2; 4:5; 5:1; 5:9; 6:7; 8:30; 8:33; 10:10
1 Corinthians
4:4; 6:11
2 Corinthians
4:13
Galatians
2:16; 2:16; 2:17; 3:8; 3:11; 3:24; 5:4
1 Timothy
3:16
Titus
3:7
James
2:21; 2:24
Revelation
22:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1344 matches the Greek δικαιόω (dikaioō),
which occurs 48 times in 36 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified G1344 of her children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:37 - For by thy words thou shalt be justified, G1344 and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:29 - And all the people that heard him, and the publicans, justified G1344 God, being baptized with the baptism of John.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 - But wisdom is justified G1344 of all her children.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:29 - But he, willing to justify G1344 himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 - And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify G1344 yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:14 - I tell you, this man went down to his house justified G1344 rather than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:39 - And by him all that believe are justified G1344 from all things, from which ye could not be justified G1344 by the law of Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:13 - (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified. G1344
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:4 - God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified G1344 in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:20 - Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall G1344 no flesh be justified G1344 in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:24 - Being justified G1344 freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:26 - To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier G1344 of him which believeth in Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:28 - Therefore we conclude that a man is justified G1344 by faith without the deeds of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:30 - Seeing it is one God, which shall justify G1344 the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:2 - For if Abraham were justified G1344 by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:5 - But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth G1344 the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:1 - Therefore being justified G1344 by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:9 - Much more then, being G1344 now justified G1344 by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 6:7 - For he that is dead is freed G1344 from sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:30 - Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he G1344 also justified: G1344 and whom he justified, G1344 them he also glorified.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:33 - Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth. G1344
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:4 - For I know nothing by myself; yet am I G1344 not hereby justified: G1344 but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 6:11 - And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified G1344 in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:16 - Knowing that a man is G1344 not justified G1344 by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified G1344 by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall G1344 no flesh be justified. G1344
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:17 - But if, while we seek to be justified G1344 by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:8 - And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify G1344 the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:11 - But that no man is justified G1344 by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:24 - Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified G1344 by faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:4 - Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified G1344 by the law; ye are fallen from grace.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 3:16 - And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified G1344 in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 3:7 - That being justified by G1344 his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:21 - Was G1344 not Abraham our father justified G1344 by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:24 - Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, G1344 and not by faith only.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:25 - Likewise also was G1344 not Rahab the harlot justified G1344 by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out another way?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 22:11 - He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous G1344 still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
 
 
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