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Lexicon :: Strong's G2068 - esthiō

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ἐσθίω
Transliteration
esthiō
Pronunciation
es-thē'-ō (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
Strengthened for a primary edo (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by φάγω (G5315)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:689,262

Strong’s Definitions

ἐσθίω esthíō, es-thee'-o; strengthened for a primary ἔδω édō (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literal):—devour, eat, live.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x

The KJV translates Strong's G2068 in the following manner: eat (63x), live (1x), devour (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x
The KJV translates Strong's G2068 in the following manner: eat (63x), live (1x), devour (1x).
  1. to eat

  2. to eat (consume) a thing

    1. to take food, eat a meal

  3. metaph. to devour, consume

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐσθίω esthíō, es-thee'-o; strengthened for a primary ἔδω édō (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literal):—devour, eat, live.
STRONGS NT 2068: ἐσθίω
ἐσθίω and ἔσθω, which see (lengthened forms of ἔδω (cf. Curtius, Das Verbum, ii., p. 429)); imperfect ἤσθιον; 2 aorist ἔφαγον (from ΦΑΓΩ); future φάγομαι (2 person φάγεσαι, Luke 17:8 (references under the word κατακαυχάομαι, at the beginning)), for the classic ἔδομαι, see Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii, p. 185; Kühner, i., p. 824; (Winers Grammar, 89 (85); Buttmann, 58 (51); but especially Veitch, under the word); the Sept. for אָכַל; (from Homer down); to eat; Vulg.manduco, (edo, etc.); (of animals, to devour);
a. absolutely: Matthew 14:20; Matthew 15:37, 38; Matthew 26:26; Mark 6:31; Mark 8:8; John 4:31, and often; ἐν τῷ φαγεῖν, in eating (the supper), 1 Corinthians 11:21; διδόναι τίνι φαγεῖν, to give one (something) to eat, Matthew 14:16; Matthew 25:35, 42; Mark 5:43; Mark 6:37; Luke 9:13 (and with addition of an accusative of the thing to be eaten, John 6:31, 52; ἐκ τίνος, Revelation 2:7; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 198f (187f))); φέρειν τίνι φαγεῖν, to bring one (something) to eat, John 4:33; specifically in opposition to abstinence from certain kinds of food, Romans 14:3, 20; ἐσθίειν καί πίνειν (and φαγεῖν καί πιεῖν), to use food and drink to satisfy one's hunger and thirst, 1 Corinthians 11:22; contextually, to be supported at the expense of others, 1 Corinthians 9:4; not to shun choice food and in a word to be rather a free-liver, opposed to the narrow and scrupulous notions of those who abstain from the use of wine and certain kinds of food, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34; opposed to fasting (τό νηστεύειν), Luke 5:33; of those who, careless about other and especially graver matters, lead an easy, merry life, Luke 12:19; Luke 17:27; 1 Corinthians 15:32 (Isaiah 22:13); of the jovial use of a sacrificial feast, 1 Corinthians 10:7 from Exodus 32:6; preceded by a negative, to abstain from all nourishment, Acts 23:12, 21; to use a spare diet, spoken of an ascetic mode of life, Matthew 11:18; of fasting, Acts 9:9; ἐσθίειν (καί πίνειν) μετά τίνος, to dine, feast (in company) with one, Matthew 9:11; Mark 2:16; Luke 5:30; with one (he providing the entertainment), i. e. at his house, Luke 7:36; μετά τῶν μεθυόντων etc., of luxurious revelling, Matthew 24:49; Luke 12:45; ἐπί τραπέζης τοῦ Χριστοῦ, the food and drink spread out on Christ's table, i. e. to enjoy the blessings of the salvation procured by Christ (which is likened to a banquet), Luke 22:30; ἐσθίειν τίνι, to one's honor, Romans 14:6.
b. construed with an accusative of the thing, to eat (consume) a thing (Winer's Grammar, 198 (187) note): Matthew 6:25; Mark 1:6; John 4:32; John 6:31; Romans 14:2; 1 Corinthians 8:13; 1 Corinthians 10:25, etc.; ἄρτον, to take food, eat a meal (after the Hebrew לֶחֶם אָכַל, Genesis 43:25; Exodus 2:20; 1 Samuel 20:24; Proverbs 23:7), Matthew 15:2; Mark 3:20; Luke 14:1, 15; τόν ἑαυτοῦ ἄρτον, obtained by his own labor, 2 Thessalonians 3:12; ἄρτον παρά τίνος (the genitive of person) to be supported by one, 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τά παρά τίνος, the things supplied by one, Luke 10:7, equivalent to τά παρατιθέμενα in Luke 10:8 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 366 (343)); 1 Corinthians 10:27; μή ἐσθίων ἄρτον μήτε πίνων οἶνον, to live frugally, Luke 7:33; τό κυριακόν δεῖπνον φαγεῖν, to celebrate the Lord's supper, 1 Corinthians 11:20; τό πάσχα, to eat the paschal lamb, celebrate the paschal supper, Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12, 14; Luke 22:8, 11, 15, 16 L T Tr WH; John 18:28; τάς θυσίας, to celebrate the sacrificial feasts, said of Jews, 1 Corinthians 10:18; of animals, in Luke 15:16 (where ὧν stands by attraction for , because ἐσθίειν with a simple genitive of thing is nowhere found in the N. T. (Winers Grammar, 198 (187) note)) by a usage hardly to be met with in classical Greek (Winers Grammar, § 28, 1; (Buttmann, 159 (139))), ἐκ τίνος, to (take and) eat of a thing: Luke 22:16 (R G); John 6:26, 50; 1 Corinthians 11:28; on the other hand, ἐκ τοῦ καρποῦ (L T Tr WH τόν καρπόν), ἐκ τοῦ γάλακτος ἐσθίειν, in 1 Corinthians 9:7, is to support oneself by the sale of the fruit and the milk (but cf. Buttmann, as above, and Meyer at the passage). ἐκ with the genitive of place: ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ, draw their support from the temple, i. e. from the sacrifices and offerings, 1 Corinthians 9:13 (but T Tr WH read τά ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ); also ἐκ θυσιαστηρίου, i. e. from the things laid on the altar, Hebrews 13:10 (Winer's Grammar, 366 (344)). by a Hebraism (מִן אָכַל), ἀπό τίνος (cf. Winer's Grammar, 199 (187)): Matthew 15:27; Mark 7:28. Metaphorically, to devour, consume: τινα, Hebrews 10:27; τί, Revelation 17:16; of rust, James 5:3. (Compare: κατεσθίω, συνεσθίω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
43:25
Exodus
2:20; 32:6
1 Samuel
20:24
Proverbs
23:7
Isaiah
22:13
Matthew
6:25; 9:11; 11:18; 11:19; 14:16; 14:20; 15:2; 15:27; 15:37; 15:38; 24:49; 25:35; 25:42; 26:17; 26:26
Mark
1:6; 2:16; 3:20; 5:43; 6:31; 6:37; 7:28; 8:8; 14:12; 14:14
Luke
5:30; 5:33; 7:33; 7:34; 7:36; 9:13; 10:7; 10:8; 12:19; 12:45; 14:1; 14:15; 15:16; 17:8; 17:27; 22:8; 22:11; 22:15; 22:16; 22:16; 22:30
John
4:31; 4:32; 4:33; 6:26; 6:31; 6:31; 6:50; 6:52; 18:28
Acts
9:9; 23:12; 23:21
Romans
14:2; 14:3; 14:6; 14:20
1 Corinthians
8:13; 9:4; 9:7; 9:13; 10:7; 10:18; 10:25; 10:27; 11:20; 11:21; 11:22; 11:28; 15:32
2 Thessalonians
3:8; 3:12
Hebrews
10:27; 13:10
James
5:3
Revelation
2:7; 17:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G2068 matches the Greek ἐσθίω (esthiō),
which occurs 66 times in 55 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 9:11–1Co 11:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:11 - And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth G2068 your Master with publicans and sinners?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:18 - For John came neither eating G2068 nor drinking, and they say, He hath a devil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - The Son of man came eating G2068 and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:1 - At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. G2068
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 14:21 - And they that had eaten G2068 were about five thousand men, beside women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:2 - Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat G2068 bread.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:27 - And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat G2068 of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:38 - And they that did eat G2068 were four thousand men, beside women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:49 - And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat G2068 and drink with the drunken;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:21 - And as they did eat, G2068 he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:26 - And as they were eating, G2068 Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:6 - And John was clothed with camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat G2068 locusts and wild honey;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 2:16 - And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat G2068 with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth G2068 and drinketh with publicans and sinners?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:2 - And when they saw some of his disciples eat G2068 bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:3 - For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat G2068 not, holding the tradition of the elders.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:4 - And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat G2068 not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:5 - Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat G2068 bread with unwashen hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:28 - And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat G2068 of the children's crumbs.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:18 - And as they sat and did eat, G2068 Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth G2068 with me shall betray me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:22 - And as they did eat, G2068 Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 5:30 - But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat G2068 and drink with publicans and sinners?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 5:33 - And they said unto him, Why do the disciples of John fast often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the Pharisees; but thine eat G2068 and drink?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:1 - And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, G2068 rubbing them in their hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:33 - For John the Baptist came neither eating G2068 bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He hath a devil.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:34 - The Son of man is come eating G2068 and drinking; and ye say, Behold a gluttonous man, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners!
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:7 - And in the same house remain, eating G2068 and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:8 - And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they receive you, eat such things G2068 as are set before you:
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:45 - But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat G2068 and drink, and to be drunken;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 15:16 - And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: G2068 and no man gave unto him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 17:27 - They did eat, G2068 they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 17:28 - Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, G2068 they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:30 - That ye may eat G2068 and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:35 - And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat. G2068
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:2 - For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth G2068 herbs.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:3 - Let not him that eateth G2068 despise him that eateth G2068 not; and let G2068 not him which eateth G2068 not judge him that eateth: G2068 for God hath received him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:6 - He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, G2068 eateth G2068 to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth G2068 not, to the Lord he eateth G2068 not, and giveth God thanks.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:20 - For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure; but it is evil for that man who eateth G2068 with offence.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 8:7 - Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat G2068 it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 8:10 - For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat G2068 those things which are offered to idols;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:7 - Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth G2068 not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth G2068 not of the milk of the flock?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:13 - Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live G2068 of the things of the temple? and they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:18 - Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat G2068 of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:25 - Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, G2068 asking no question for conscience sake:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:27 - If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, G2068 asking no question for conscience sake.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:28 - But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat G2068 not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:31 - Whether therefore ye eat, G2068 or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:22 - What? have ye not houses to eat G2068 and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:26 - For as often as ye eat G2068 this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:27 - Wherefore whosoever shall eat G2068 this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:28 - But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat G2068 of that bread, and drink of that cup.

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