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Lexicon :: Strong's G3985 - peirazō

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πειράζω
Transliteration
peirazō (Key)
Pronunciation
pi-rad'-zo (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
38x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
38x in 19 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 13 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:23,822

Trench's Synonyms: lxxiv. δοκιμάζω, πειράζω.

Strong’s Definitions

πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).
  1. to try whether a thing can be done

    1. to attempt, endeavour

  2. to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself

    1. in a good sense

    2. in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments

    3. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin

      1. to solicit to sin, to tempt

        1. of the temptations of the devil

    4. after the OT usage

      1. of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith

      2. men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted

      3. by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
STRONGS NT 3985: πειράζω
πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:
1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; Acts 16:7; 24:6.
2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;
a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.
b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.
c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg. tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.
d. After the O. T. usage
α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); Hebrews 11:17,37 (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(Wisdom 11:9); Judith 8:25f).
β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (Ps. 78:41), Psalms 77:56; Psalms 105:14 (Psalms 106:14), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
22:1
Exodus
17:2; 17:7; 20:20
Numbers
14:22
Deuteronomy
8:2
Psalms
78:41; 105:14; 106:14
Matthew
4:1; 4:3; 4:3; 16:1; 19:3; 22:18; 22:35; 22:35
Mark
1:13; 8:11; 10:2; 12:15
Luke
4:2; 11:16; 20:23
John
6:6; 8:6
Acts
5:9; 9:26; 15:10; 16:7; 24:6
1 Corinthians
7:5; 10:9; 10:13
2 Corinthians
13:5
Galatians
6:1
1 Thessalonians
3:5; 3:5
Hebrews
2:18; 3:9; 3:9; 4:15; 4:15; 11:17; 11:37
James
1:13
Revelation
2:2; 2:2; 2:10; 3:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3985 matches the Greek πειράζω (peirazō),
which occurs 42 times in 35 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:1 - Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted[fn] by the devil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:3 - The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:1 - The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:3 - Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:18 - But Jesus, knowing their evil intent, said, “You hypocrites, why are you trying to trap me?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:35 - One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:13 - and he was in the wilderness forty days, being tempted[fn] by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and angels attended him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:11 - The Pharisees came and began to question Jesus. To test him, they asked him for a sign from heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:2 - Some Pharisees came and tested him by asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:15 - Should we pay or shouldn’t we?” But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. “Why are you trying to trap me?” he asked. “Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:2 - where for forty days he was tempted[fn] by the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:16 - Others tested him by asking for a sign from heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:6 - He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:6 - They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him. But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:9 - Peter said to her, “How could you conspire to test the Spirit of the Lord? Listen! The feet of the men who buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out also.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 9:26 - When he came to Jerusalem, he tried to join the disciples, but they were all afraid of him, not believing that he really was a disciple.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:10 - Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors have been able to bear?
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:7 - When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus would not allow them to.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 24:6 - and even tried to desecrate the temple; so we seized him.[fn]
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 7:5 - Do not deprive each other except perhaps by mutual consent and for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:9 - We should not test Christ,[fn] as some of them did—and were killed by snakes.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:13 - No temptation[fn] has overtaken you except what is common to mankind. And God is faithful; he will not let you be tempted[fn] beyond what you can bear. But when you are tempted,[fn] he will also provide a way out so that you can endure it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 13:5 - Examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith; test yourselves. Do you not realize that Christ Jesus is in you—unless, of course, you fail the test?
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:1 - Brothers and sisters, if someone is caught in a sin, you who live by the Spirit should restore that person gently. But watch yourselves, or you also may be tempted.
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 3:5 - For this reason, when I could stand it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith. I was afraid that in some way the tempter had tempted you and that our labors might have been in vain.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:18 - Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 3:9 - where your ancestors tested and tried me, though for forty years they saw what I did.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 4:15 - For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:17 - By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son,
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:37 - They were put to death by stoning;[fn] they were sawed in two; they were killed by the sword. They went about in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, persecuted and mistreated—
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:13 - When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me.” For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone;
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:14 - but each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:2 - I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:10 - Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you, and you will suffer persecution for ten days. Be faithful, even to the point of death, and I will give you life as your victor’s crown.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:10 - Since you have kept my command to endure patiently, I will also keep you from the hour of trial that is going to come on the whole world to test the inhabitants of the earth.

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