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Lexicon :: Strong's G3985 - peirazō

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πειράζω
Transliteration
peirazō (Key)
Pronunciation
pi-rad'-zo
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
38x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
38x in 19 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 13 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:23,822

Trench's Synonyms: lxxiv. δοκιμάζω, πειράζω.

Strong’s Definitions

πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).
  1. to try whether a thing can be done

    1. to attempt, endeavour

  2. to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself

    1. in a good sense

    2. in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments

    3. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin

      1. to solicit to sin, to tempt

        1. of the temptations of the devil

    4. after the OT usage

      1. of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith

      2. men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted

      3. by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
STRONGS NT 3985: πειράζω
πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:
1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; Acts 16:7; 24:6.
2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;
a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.
b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.
c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg. tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.
d. After the O. T. usage
α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); Hebrews 11:17,37 (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(Wisdom 11:9); Judith 8:25f).
β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (Ps. 78:41), Psalms 77:56; Psalms 105:14 (Psalms 106:14), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
22:1
Exodus
17:2; 17:7; 20:20
Numbers
14:22
Deuteronomy
8:2
Psalms
78:41; 105:14; 106:14
Matthew
4:1; 4:3; 4:3; 16:1; 19:3; 22:18; 22:35; 22:35
Mark
1:13; 8:11; 10:2; 12:15
Luke
4:2; 11:16; 20:23
John
6:6; 8:6
Acts
5:9; 9:26; 15:10; 16:7; 24:6
1 Corinthians
7:5; 10:9; 10:13
2 Corinthians
13:5
Galatians
6:1
1 Thessalonians
3:5; 3:5
Hebrews
2:18; 3:9; 3:9; 4:15; 4:15; 11:17; 11:37
James
1:13
Revelation
2:2; 2:2; 2:10; 3:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3985 matches the Greek πειράζω (peirazō),
which occurs 38 times in 34 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:1 - τότε Ἰησοῦς ἀνήχθη εἰς τὴν ἔρημον ὑπὸ τοῦ πνεύματος πειρασθῆναι G3985 ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:3 - καὶ προσελθὼν πειράζων G3985 εἶπεν αὐτῷ εἰ υἱὸς εἶ τοῦ θεοῦ εἰπὲ ἵνα οἱ λίθοι οὗτοι ἄρτοι γένωνται
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:1 - καὶ προσελθόντες οἱ Φαρισαῖοι καὶ Σαδδουκαῖοι πειράζοντες G3985 ἐπηρώτησαν αὐτὸν σημεῖον ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐπιδεῖξαι αὐτοῖς
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:3 - καὶ προσῆλθον αὐτῷ Φαρισαῖοι πειράζοντες G3985 αὐτὸν καὶ λέγοντες εἰ ἔξεστιν ἀνθρώπῳ ἀπολῦσαι τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ κατὰ πᾶσαν αἰτίαν
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:18 - γνοὺς δὲ Ἰησοῦς τὴν πονηρίαν αὐτῶν εἶπεν τί με πειράζετε G3985 ὑποκριταί
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:35 - καὶ ἐπηρώτησεν εἷς ἐξ αὐτῶν νομικὸς πειράζων G3985 αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:13 - καὶ ἦν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τεσσεράκοντα ἡμέρας πειραζόμενος G3985 ὑπὸ τοῦ Σατανᾶ καὶ ἦν μετὰ τῶν θηρίων καὶ οἱ ἄγγελοι διηκόνουν αὐτῷ
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:11 - καὶ ἐξῆλθον οἱ Φαρισαῖοι καὶ ἤρξαντο συζητεῖν αὐτῷ ζητοῦντες παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ σημεῖον ἀπὸ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ πειράζοντες G3985 αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:2 - καὶ προσελθόντες Φαρισαῖοι ἐπηρώτων αὐτὸν εἰ ἔξεστιν ἀνδρὶ γυναῖκα ἀπολῦσαι πειράζοντες G3985 αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:15 - (MGNT 12:14)δῶμεν μὴ δῶμεν (12:15) δὲ εἰδὼς αὐτῶν τὴν ὑπόκρισιν εἶπεν αὐτοῖς τί με πειράζετε G3985 φέρετέ μοι δηνάριον ἵνα ἴδω
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:2 - ἡμέρας τεσσεράκοντα πειραζόμενος G3985 ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου καὶ οὐκ ἔφαγεν οὐδὲν ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις καὶ συντελεσθεισῶν αὐτῶν ἐπείνασεν
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:16 - ἕτεροι δὲ πειράζοντες G3985 σημεῖον ἐξ οὐρανοῦ ἐζήτουν παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:23 - κατανοήσας δὲ αὐτῶν τὴν πανουργίαν εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτούς
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:6 - τοῦτο δὲ ἔλεγεν πειράζων G3985 αὐτόν αὐτὸς γὰρ ᾔδει τί ἔμελλεν ποιεῖν
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:6 - τοῦτο δὲ ἔλεγον πειράζοντες G3985 αὐτόν ἵνα ἔχωσιν κατηγορεῖν αὐτοῦ δὲ Ἰησοῦς κάτω κύψας τῷ δακτύλῳ κατέγραφεν εἰς τὴν γῆν
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:9 - δὲ Πέτρος πρὸς αὐτήν τί ὅτι συνεφωνήθη ὑμῖν πειράσαι G3985 τὸ πνεῦμα κυρίου ἰδοὺ οἱ πόδες τῶν θαψάντων τὸν ἄνδρα σου ἐπὶ τῇ θύρᾳ καὶ ἐξοίσουσίν σε
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:10 - νῦν οὖν τί πειράζετε G3985 τὸν θεόν ἐπιθεῖναι ζυγὸν ἐπὶ τὸν τράχηλον τῶν μαθητῶν ὃν οὔτε οἱ πατέρες ἡμῶν οὔτε ἡμεῖς ἰσχύσαμεν βαστάσαι
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:7 - ἐλθόντες δὲ κατὰ τὴν Μυσίαν ἐπείραζον G3985 εἰς τὴν Βιθυνίαν πορευθῆναι καὶ οὐκ εἴασεν αὐτοὺς τὸ πνεῦμα Ἰησοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 24:6 - ὃς καὶ τὸ ἱερὸν ἐπείρασεν G3985 βεβηλῶσαι ὃν καὶ ἐκρατήσαμεν
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 7:5 - μὴ ἀποστερεῖτε ἀλλήλους εἰ μήτι ἂν ἐκ συμφώνου πρὸς καιρὸν ἵνα σχολάσητε τῇ προσευχῇ καὶ πάλιν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ ἦτε ἵνα μὴ πειράζῃ G3985 ὑμᾶς Σατανᾶς διὰ τὴν ἀκρασίαν ὑμῶν
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:9 - μηδὲ ἐκπειράζωμεν τὸν Χριστόν καθώς τινες αὐτῶν ἐπείρασαν G3985 καὶ ὑπὸ τῶν ὄφεων ἀπώλλυντο
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:13 - πειρασμὸς ὑμᾶς οὐκ εἴληφεν εἰ μὴ ἀνθρώπινος πιστὸς δὲ θεός ὃς οὐκ ἐάσει ὑμᾶς πειρασθῆναι G3985 ὑπὲρ δύνασθε ἀλλὰ ποιήσει σὺν τῷ πειρασμῷ καὶ τὴν ἔκβασιν τοῦ δύνασθαι ὑπενεγκεῖν
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 13:5 - ἑαυτοὺς πειράζετε G3985 εἰ ἐστὲ ἐν τῇ πίστει ἑαυτοὺς δοκιμάζετε οὐκ ἐπιγινώσκετε ἑαυτοὺς ὅτι Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς ἐν ὑμῖν εἰ μήτι ἀδόκιμοί ἐστε
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:1 - ἀδελφοί ἐὰν καὶ προλημφθῇ ἄνθρωπος ἔν τινι παραπτώματι ὑμεῖς οἱ πνευματικοὶ καταρτίζετε τὸν τοιοῦτον ἐν πνεύματι πραΰτητος σκοπῶν σεαυτόν μὴ καὶ σὺ πειρασθῇς G3985
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 3:5 - διὰ τοῦτο κἀγὼ μηκέτι στέγων ἔπεμψα εἰς τὸ γνῶναι τὴν πίστιν ὑμῶν μή πως ἐπείρασεν G3985 ὑμᾶς πειράζων G3985 καὶ εἰς κενὸν γένηται κόπος ἡμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:18 - ἐν γὰρ πέπονθεν αὐτὸς πειρασθείς G3985 δύναται τοῖς πειραζομένοις G3985 βοηθῆσαι
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 3:9 - οὗ ἐπείρασαν G3985 οἱ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἐν δοκιμασίᾳ καὶ εἶδον τὰ ἔργα μου (MGNT 3:10)τεσσεράκοντα ἔτη
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:17 - πίστει προσενήνοχεν Ἀβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος G3985 καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ προσέφερεν τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:37 - ἐλιθάσθησαν ἐπρίσθησαν ἐν φόνῳ μαχαίρης ἀπέθανον περιῆλθον ἐν μηλωταῖς ἐν αἰγείοις δέρμασιν ὑστερούμενοι θλιβόμενοι κακουχούμενοι
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:13 - μηδεὶς πειραζόμενος G3985 λεγέτω ὅτι ἀπὸ θεοῦ πειράζομαι G3985 γὰρ θεὸς ἀπείραστός ἐστιν κακῶν πειράζει G3985 δὲ αὐτὸς οὐδένα
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:14 - ἕκαστος δὲ πειράζεται G3985 ὑπὸ τῆς ἰδίας ἐπιθυμίας ἐξελκόμενος καὶ δελεαζόμενος
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:2 - οἶδα τὰ ἔργα σου καὶ τὸν κόπον καὶ τὴν ὑπομονήν σου καὶ ὅτι οὐ δύνῃ βαστάσαι κακούς καὶ ἐπείρασας G3985 τοὺς λέγοντας ἑαυτοὺς ἀποστόλους καὶ οὐκ εἰσίν καὶ εὗρες αὐτοὺς ψευδεῖς
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:10 - μηδὲν φοβοῦ μέλλεις πάσχειν ἰδοὺ μέλλει βάλλειν διάβολος ἐξ ὑμῶν εἰς φυλακὴν ἵνα πειρασθῆτε G3985 καὶ ἕξετε θλῖψιν ἡμερῶν δέκα γίνου πιστὸς ἄχρι θανάτου καὶ δώσω σοι τὸν στέφανον τῆς ζωῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:10 - ὅτι ἐτήρησας τὸν λόγον τῆς ὑπομονῆς μου κἀγώ σε τηρήσω ἐκ τῆς ὥρας τοῦ πειρασμοῦ τῆς μελλούσης ἔρχεσθαι ἐπὶ τῆς οἰκουμένης ὅλης πειράσαι G3985 τοὺς κατοικοῦντας ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς

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