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Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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πτωχός
Transliteration
ptōchos (Key)
Pronunciation
pto-khos'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
STRONGS NT 4434: πτωχός
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Isaiah
7:22; 61:1
Matthew
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
Mark
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
Luke
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
John
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
Romans
15:26
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
Galatians
2:10; 4:9
James
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
Revelation
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 34 times in 34 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:3 - Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ G4434 τῷ πνεύματι ὅτι αὐτῶν ἐστιν βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:5 - τυφλοὶ ἀναβλέπουσιν καὶ χωλοὶ περιπατοῦσιν λεπροὶ καθαρίζονται καὶ κωφοὶ ἀκούουσιν νεκροὶ ἐγείρονται καὶ πτωχοὶ G4434 εὐαγγελίζονται·
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:21 - ἔφη αὐτῷ Ἰησοῦς Εἰ θέλεις τέλειος εἶναι ὕπαγε πώλησόν σου τὰ ὑπάρχοντα καὶ δὸς πτωχοῖς G4434 καὶ ἕξεις θησαυρὸν ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ δεῦρο ἀκολούθει μοι
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:9 - ἠδύνατο γὰρ τοῦτο τὸ μύρον πραθῆναι πολλοῦ καὶ δοθῆναι πτωχοῖς G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:11 - πάντοτε γὰρ τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 ἔχετε μεθ᾽ ἑαυτῶν ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε·
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:21 - δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἐμβλέψας αὐτῷ ἠγάπησεν αὐτὸν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ἕν σοί ὑστερεῖ· ὕπαγε ὅσα ἔχεις πώλησον καὶ δὸς τοῖς πτωχοῖς G4434 καὶ ἕξεις θησαυρὸν ἐν οὐρανῷ καὶ δεῦρο ἀκολούθει μοι ἄρας τὸν σταυρόν
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:42 - καὶ ἐλθοῦσα μία χήρα πτωχὴ G4434 ἔβαλεν λεπτὰ δύο ἐστιν κοδράντης
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:43 - καὶ προσκαλεσάμενος τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτοῦ λέγει αὐτοῖς Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι χήρα αὕτη πτωχὴ G4434 πλεῖον πάντων βέβληκεν τῶν βαλόντων εἰς τὸ γαζοφυλάκιον·
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:5 - ἠδύνατο γὰρ τοῦτο πραθῆναι ἐπάνω τριακοσίων δηναρίων καὶ δοθῆναι τοῖς πτωχοῖς· G4434 καὶ ἐνεβριμῶντο αὐτῇ
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:7 - πάντοτε γὰρ τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 ἔχετε μεθ᾽ ἑαυτῶν καὶ ὅταν θέλητε δύνασθε αὐτούς εὖ ποιῆσαι ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:18 - Πνεῦμα κυρίου ἐπ᾽ ἐμέ οὗ ἕνεκεν ἔχρισέν με εὐαγγελίζεσθαι πτωχοῖς G4434 ἀπέσταλκέν με ἰὰσασθαι τοὺς συντετριμμένους τὴν καρδίαν, κηρύξαι αἰχμαλώτοις ἄφεσιν καὶ τυφλοῖς ἀνάβλεψιν ἀποστεῖλαι τεθραυσμένους ἐν ἀφέσει
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:20 - Καὶ αὐτὸς ἐπάρας τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ εἰς τοὺς μαθητὰς αὐτοῦ ἔλεγεν Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοί G4434 ὅτι ὑμετέρα ἐστὶν βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:22 - καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Πορευθέντες ἀπαγγείλατε Ἰωάννῃ εἴδετε καὶ ἠκούσατε· ὅτι τυφλοὶ ἀναβλέπουσιν χωλοὶ περιπατοῦσιν λεπροὶ καθαρίζονται κωφοὶ ἀκούουσιν νεκροὶ ἐγείρονται πτωχοὶ G4434 εὐαγγελίζονται·
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:13 - ἀλλ᾽ ὅταν ποιῇς δοχὴν κάλει πτωχούς G4434 ἀναπήρους, χωλούς τυφλούς·
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:21 - καὶ παραγενόμενος δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος ἀπήγγειλεν τῷ κυρίῳ αὐτοῦ ταῦτα τότε ὀργισθεὶς οἰκοδεσπότης εἶπεν τῷ δούλῳ αὐτοῦ Ἔξελθε ταχέως εἰς τὰς πλατείας καὶ ῥύμας τῆς πόλεως καὶ τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 καὶ ἀναπήρους καὶ χωλοὺς καὶ τυφλοὺς εἰσάγαγε ὧδε
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:20 - πτωχὸς G4434 δέ τις ἦν ὀνόματι Λάζαρος ὃς ἐβέβλητο πρὸς τὸν πυλῶνα αὐτοῦ ἡλκωμένος
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:22 - ἐγένετο δὲ ἀποθανεῖν τὸν πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ ἀπενεχθῆναι αὐτὸν ὑπὸ τῶν ἀγγέλων εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ Ἀβραάμ· ἀπέθανεν δὲ καὶ πλούσιος καὶ ἐτάφη
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:22 - ἀκούσας δὲ ταῦτα Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν αὐτῷ Ἔτι ἕν σοι λείπει· πάντα ὅσα ἔχεις πώλησον καὶ διάδος πτωχοῖς G4434 καὶ ἕξεις θησαυρὸν ἐν οὐρανῷ, καὶ δεῦρο ἀκολούθει μοι
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - σταθεὶς δὲ Ζακχαῖος εἶπεν πρὸς τὸν κύριον Ἰδού, τὰ ἡμίση τῶν ὑπαρχόντων μου κύριε δίδωμι τοῖς πτωχοῖς G4434 καὶ εἴ τινός τι ἐσυκοφάντησα ἀποδίδωμι τετραπλοῦν
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:3 - καὶ εἶπεν Ἀληθῶς λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι χήρα πτωχὴ G4434 αὕτη πλεῖον πάντων ἔβαλεν·
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:5 - Δια τί τοῦτο τὸ μύρον οὐκ ἐπράθη τριακοσίων δηναρίων καὶ ἐδόθη πτωχοῖς G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:6 - εἶπεν δὲ τοῦτο οὐχ ὅτι περὶ τῶν πτωχῶν G4434 ἔμελεν αὐτῷ ἀλλ᾽ ὅτι κλέπτης ἦν καὶ τὸ γλωσσόκομον εἶχέν καὶ τὰ βαλλόμενα ἐβάσταζεν
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:8 - τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 γὰρ πάντοτε ἔχετε μεθ᾽ ἑαυτῶν ἐμὲ δὲ οὐ πάντοτε ἔχετε
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:29 - τινὲς γὰρ ἐδόκουν ἐπεὶ τὸ γλωσσόκομον εἶχεν Ἰούδας ὅτι λέγει αὐτῷ Ἰησοῦς Ἀγόρασον ὧν χρείαν ἔχομεν εἰς τὴν ἑορτήν τοῖς πτωχοῖς G4434 ἵνα τι δῷ
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 15:26 - εὐδόκησαν γὰρ Μακεδονία καὶ Ἀχαΐα κοινωνίαν τινὰ ποιήσασθαι εἰς τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 τῶν ἁγίων τῶν ἐν Ἰερουσαλήμ
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:10 - ὡς λυπούμενοι ἀεὶ δὲ χαίροντες ὡς πτωχοὶ G4434 πολλοὺς δὲ πλουτίζοντες ὡς μηδὲν ἔχοντες καὶ πάντα κατέχοντες
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:10 - μόνον τῶν πτωχῶν G4434 ἵνα μνημονεύωμεν καὶ ἐσπούδασα αὐτὸ τοῦτο ποιῆσαι
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:9 - νῦν δὲ γνόντες θεόν μᾶλλον δὲ γνωσθέντες ὑπὸ θεοῦ πῶς ἐπιστρέφετε πάλιν ἐπὶ τὰ ἀσθενῆ καὶ πτωχὰ G4434 στοιχεῖα οἷς πάλιν ἄνωθεν δουλεύειν θέλετε
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:2 - ἐὰν γὰρ εἰσέλθῃ εἰς τήν συναγωγὴν ὑμῶν ἀνὴρ χρυσοδακτύλιος ἐν ἐσθῆτι λαμπρᾷ εἰσέλθῃ δὲ καὶ πτωχὸς G4434 ἐν ῥυπαρᾷ ἐσθῆτι
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:3 - καὶ ἐπιβλέψητε ἐπὶ τὸν φοροῦντα τὴν ἐσθῆτα τὴν λαμπρὰν καὶ εἴπητε αὐτῷ, Σὺ κάθου ὧδε καλῶς καὶ τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 εἴπητε Σὺ στῆθι ἐκεῖ κάθου ὧδε ὑπὸ τὸ ὑποπόδιόν μου
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:5 - Ἀκούσατε ἀδελφοί μου ἀγαπητοί· οὐχ θεὸς ἐξελέξατο τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, πλουσίους ἐν πίστει καὶ κληρονόμους τῆς βασιλείας ἡς ἐπηγγείλατο τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:6 - ὑμεῖς δὲ ἠτιμάσατε τὸν πτωχόν G4434 οὐχ οἱ πλούσιοι καταδυναστεύουσιν ὑμῶν καὶ αὐτοὶ ἕλκουσιν ὑμᾶς εἰς κριτήρια
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:17 - ὅτι λέγεις ὅτι Πλούσιός εἰμι καὶ πεπλούτηκα καὶ οὐδενὸς χρείαν ἔχω καὶ οὐκ οἶδας ὅτι σὺ εἶ ταλαίπωρος καὶ ἐλεεινὸς καὶ πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ τυφλὸς καὶ γυμνός
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:16 - καὶ ποιεῖ πάντας τοὺς μικροὺς καὶ τοὺς μεγάλους καὶ τοὺς πλουσίους καὶ τοὺς πτωχούς G4434 καὶ τοὺς ἐλευθέρους καὶ τοὺς δούλους ἵνα δώσῃ αὐτοῖς χάραγμα ἐπὶ τῆς χειρὸς αὐτῶν τῆς δεξιᾶς ἐπὶ τῶν μέτωπων αὐτῶν

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