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1 Samuel 20 :: New American Standard Bible 2020 (NASB20)

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David and Jonathan’s Covenant

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:1 - Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and he came and said [fn]to Jonathan, “What have I done? What is my guilt? And what is my sin before your father, that he is seeking my life?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:2 - He said to him, “Far from it, you shall not die! Behold, my father does nothing either great or small [fn]without informing me. So why would my father hide this thing from me? It is not so!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:3 - Yet David vowed again, [fn]saying, “Your father is well aware that I have found favor in your sight, and he has said, ‘Jonathan is not to know this, otherwise he will be worried.’ But indeed as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is [fn]just a step between me and death.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:4 - Then Jonathan said to David, “Whatever [fn]you say, I will do for you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:5 - So David said to Jonathan, “Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I am obligated to sit down to eat with the king. But let me go so that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:6 - “If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly requested leave of me to run to Bethlehem, his city, because it is the yearly sacrifice there for the whole family.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:7 - “If he [fn]says, ‘That is good,’ your servant will be safe; but if he is very angry, be aware that he has decided on evil.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:8 - “So deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. But if [fn]I am guilty of wrongdoing, kill me yourself; for why then should you bring me to your father?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:9 - Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! For if I in fact learn that my father has decided [fn]to inflict harm on you, would I not inform you?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:10 - Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will inform me [fn]if your father answers you harshly?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:11 - Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let’s go out to the field.” So both of them went out to the field.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:12 - Then Jonathan said to David, “The LORD, the God of Israel, is my witness! When I have sounded out my father about this time tomorrow or the third day, behold, if he has a good feeling toward [fn]you, shall I not then send word to you and [fn]inform you?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:13 - “If it pleases my father to do you harm, may the LORD do so to [fn]me and more so, if I fail to [fn]inform you and send you away, so that you may go in safety. And may the LORD be with you as He has been with my father.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:14 - “And if I am still alive, will you not show me the faithfulness of the LORD, so that I do not die?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:15 - “And you shall never cut off your loyalty to my house, not even when the LORD cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:16 - So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD demand it from the hands of David’s enemies.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:17 - And Jonathan made David vow again because of his love for him, because he loved him as he loved his own life.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:18 - Then Jonathan said to him, “Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed since your seat will be empty.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:19 - “When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain beside the stone Ezel.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:20 - “And I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:21 - “Then behold, I will send the boy, telling him, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I specifically say to the boy, ‘Behold, the arrows are on this side of you, get them,’ then come, because it is safe for you and there is nothing to harm you, as the LORD lives.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:22 - “But if I [fn]say to the youth, ‘Behold, the arrows are beyond you,’ go, because the LORD has sent you away.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:23 - “As for the [fn]agreement of which you and I have spoken, behold, the LORD is between you and me forever.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:24 - So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:25 - Now the king sat on his seat as usual, the seat by the wall; then Jonathan stood up and Abner sat down by Saul’s side; but David’s place was empty.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:26 - Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, because he thought, “It must have been an [fn]accident; he is not clean, undoubtedly he is not clean.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:27 - But it came about the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David’s place was empty again; so Saul said to his son Jonathan, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to the meal, either yesterday or today?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:28 - And Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly requested leave of me to go to Bethlehem.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:29 - “He said, ‘Please let me go, because our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has ordered me to attend. So now, if I have found favor in your sight, please let me slip away so that I may see my brothers.’ For this reason he has not come to the king’s table.”

Saul Is Angry with Jonathan

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:30 - Then Saul’s anger burned against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you are choosing the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:31 - “For, [fn]as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom will be established. Now then, send men and bring him to me, for he is [fn]doomed to die!”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:32 - But Jonathan replied to his father Saul and said to him, “Why must he be put to death? What has he done?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:33 - Then Saul hurled his spear at him to strike and kill him; so Jonathan knew that his father had decided to put David to death.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:34 - Then Jonathan got up from the table in the heat of anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the new moon, because he was worried about David since his father had insulted him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:35 - Now it came about in the morning that Jonathan went out to the field at the time agreed upon with David, and a little boy was with him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:36 - He said to his boy, “Run, find now the arrows which I am about to shoot.” The boy ran, and he shot [fn]an arrow past him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:37 - When the boy reached the location of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the boy and said, “Is the arrow not beyond you?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:38 - Then Jonathan called after the boy, “Hurry, be quick, do not stay!” And Jonathan’s boy picked up the arrow and came to his master.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:39 - But the boy was not aware of anything; only Jonathan and David knew about the matter.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:40 - Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy and said to him, “Go, bring them to the city.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:41 - When the boy was gone, David got up from the south side, then he fell on his face to the ground and bowed three times. And they kissed each other and wept together, until David wept immeasurably.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:42 - Then Jonathan said to David, “Go [fn]in safety, since we have sworn to each other in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘The LORD will be between me and you, and between my [fn]descendants and your [fn]descendants forever.’” [fn]So David set out and went on his way, while Jonathan went into the city.
NASB20 Footnotes
Lit before
Lit and he does not uncover my ear
Lit and said
Lit about
Lit your soul says
Lit says thus
Lit guilt exists in me
Lit evil to come on
As in ancient versions; MT or what your father
Lit David
Lit uncover your ear
Lit Jonathan
Lit uncover your ear
Lit say thus
Lit word
I.e., accident of ritual pollution
Lit all the days which
Lit a son of death
Lit the
Lit to peace
Lit seed
Lit seed
Ch 21:1 in Heb

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