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Easton's Bible Dictionary


The plague (the ninth) of darkness in Egypt (Exd 10:21) is described as darkness "which may be felt." It covered "all the land of Egypt," so that "they saw not one another." It did not extend to the land of Goshen (ver. 23).

When Jesus hung upon the cross (Mat 27:45; Luk 23:44), from the "sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour."

On Mount Sinai, Moses (Exd 20:21) "drew near unto the thick darkness where God was." This was the "thick cloud upon the mount" in which Jehovah was when he spake unto Moses there. The Lord dwelt in the cloud upon the mercy-seat (1Ki 8:12), the cloud of glory. When the psalmist (Psa 97:2) describes the inscrutable nature of God's workings among the sons of men, he says, "Clouds and darkness are round about him." God dwells in thick darkness.

Darkness (Isa 13:9,10; Mat 24:29) also is a symbol of the judgments that attend on the coming of the Lord. It is a symbol of misery and adversity (Job 18:6; Psa 107:10; Isa 8:22; Eze 30:18). The "day of darkness" in Joe 2:2, caused by clouds of locusts, is a symbol of the obscurity which overhangs all divine proceedings. "Works of darkness" are impure actions (Eph 5:11). "Outer darkness" refers to the darkness of the streets in the East, which are never lighted up by any public or private lamps after nightfall, in contrast with the blaze of cheerful light in the house. It is also a symbol of ignorance (Isa 9:2; 60:2; Mat 6:23) and of death (Job 10:21; 17:13).

Torrey's New Topical Textbook

Darkness: Created by God

Psa 104:20; Isa 45:7

Darkness: Originally Covered the Earth

Gen 1:2

Darkness: Separated from the Light

Gen 1:4

Darkness: Called Night

Gen 1:5

Darkness: Caused by the Setting of the Sun

Gen 15:17; Jhn 6:17

Darkness: Inexplicable Nature Of

Job 38:19,20

Darkness: Exhibits God's Power and Greatness

Job 38:8,9

Darkness: Degrees Of, Mentioned


Gen 15:12

That may be felt

Exd 10:21


Deu 5:22; Joe 2:2


Jer 13:16

Outer or extreme

Mat 8:12

Darkness: Effects Of

Keeps us from seeing objects

Exd 10:23

Causes us to go astray

Jhn 12:35; 1Jo 2:11

Causes us to stumble

Isa 59:10

Darkness: Often Put for Night

Psa 91:6

Darkness: Called the Swaddling Band of the Sea

Job 38:9

Darkness: Cannot Hide Us from God

Psa 139:11,12

Darkness: The Wicked

The children of

1Th 5:5

Live in

Psa 107:10

Walk in

Psa 82:5

Perpetuate their designs in

Job 24:16

Are full of

Mat 6:23

Darkness: Miraculous

On mount Sinai

Exd 19:16; Hbr 12:18

Over the land of Egypt

Exd 10:21,22

At the death of Christ

Mat 27:45

Before the destruction of Jerusalem

Mat 24:29

Darkness: Illustrative Of

Greatness and unsearchableness of God

Exd 20:21; 2Sa 22:10,12; 1Ki 8:12; Psa 97:2

Abstruse and deep subjects

Job 28:3


Isa 45:19; Mat 10:27

Ignorance and error

Job 37:19; Isa 60:2; Jhn 1:5; 3:19; 12:35; Act 26:18

Anything hateful

Job 3:4-9

A course of sin

Pro 2:13; Eph 5:11

Heavy afflictions

Job 23:17; Psa 112:4; Ecc 5:17; Isa 5:30; 8:22; 59:9

The power of Satan

Eph 6:12; Col 1:13

The grave

1Sa 2:9; Job 10:21,22

The punishment of devils and wicked men

Mat 22:13; 2Pe 2:4,17; Jud 1:6,13

Smith's Bible Dictionary


is spoken of as encompassing the actual presence of God, as that out of which he speaks,-the envelope, as it were, of divine glory (Exodus 20:21; 1 Kings 8:12). The plague of darkness in Egypt was miraculous. The darkness "over all the land," (Matthew 27:45) attending the crucifixion has been attributed to an eclipse, but was undoubtedly miraculous, as no eclipse of the sun could have taken place at that time, the moon being at the full at the time of the passover. Darkness is also, as in the expression "land of darkness," used for the state of the dead (Job 10:21-22) and frequently, figuratively, for ignorance and unbelief, as the privation of spiritual light (John 1:5; 3:19).


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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