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Dictionaries :: Salome

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Easton's Bible Dictionary

Salome:

perfect. (1.) The wife of Zebedee and mother of James and John (Mat 27:56), and probably the sister of Mary, the mother of our Lord (Jhn 19:25). She sought for her sons places of honour in Christ's kingdom (Mat 20:20,21; Mat 19:28). She witnessed the crucifixion (Mar 15:40), and was present with the other women at the sepulchre (Mat 27:56).

(2.) "The daughter of Herodias," not named in the New Testament. On the occasion of the birthday festival held by Herod Antipas, who had married her mother Herodias, in the fortress of Machaerus, she "came in and danced, and pleased Herod" (Mar 6:14-29). John the Baptist, at that time a prisoner in the dungeons underneath the castle, was at her request beheaded by order of Herod, and his head given to the damsel in a charger, "and the damsel gave it to her mother," whose revengeful spirit was thus gratified. "A luxurious feast of the period" (says Farrar, Life of Christ) "was not regarded as complete unless it closed with some gross pantomimic representation; and doubtless Herod had adopted the evil fashion of his day. But he had not anticipated for his guests the rare luxury of seeing a princess, his own niece, a grand-daughter of Herod the Great and of Mariamne, a descendant, therefore, of Simon the high priest and the great line of Maccabean princes, a princess who afterwards became the wife of a tetrarch [Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis] and the mother of a king, honouring them by degrading herself into a scenic dancer."

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

Salome:

same as Salmon

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Salome:

sa-lo'-me (Salome):

(1) One of the holy women who companied with Jesus in Galilee, and ministered to Him (Mr 15:40,41). She was present at the crucifixion (Mr 15:40), and was among those who came to the tomb of Jesus on the resurrection morning (Mr 16:1,2). Comparison with Mt 27:56 clearly identifies her with the wife of Zebedee. It is she, therefore, whose ambitious request for her sons James and John is recorded in Mt 20:20-24; Mr 10:35-40. From Joh 19:25 many infer that she was a sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus (thus Meyer, Luthardt, Alford); others (as Godet) dispute the inference.

(2) Salome was the name of the daughter of Herodias who danced before Herod, and obtained as reward the head of John the Baptist (Mt 14:3-11; Mr 6:17-28; compare Josephus, Ant, XVIII, v, 4). She is not named in the Gospels.



Written by James Orr

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Salome:

(peaceful).

(1.) The wife of Zebedee (Matthew 27:56; Mark 15:40) and probably sister of Mary the mother of Jesus, to whom reference is made in John 19:25. The only events recorded of Salome are that she preferred a request on behalf of her two sons for seats of honor in the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 20:20) that she attended at the crucifixion of Jesus (Mark 15:40) and that she visited his sepulchre (Mark 16:1). She is mentioned by name on only the two latter occasions.

(2.) The daughter of Herodias by her first husband, Herod Philip (Matthew 14:6). She married in the first the tetrarch of Trachonitis her paternal uncle, and secondly Aristobulus, the king of Chalcis.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.