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Dictionaries :: Spider

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Easton's Bible Dictionary

Spider:

The trust of the hypocrite is compared to the spider's web or house (Job 8:14). It is said of the wicked by Isaiah that they "weave the spider's web" (Isa 59:5), i.e., their works and designs are, like the spider's web, vain and useless. The Hebrew word here used is 'akkabish, "a swift weaver."

In Pro 30:28 a different Hebrew word (semamith) is used. It is rendered in the Vulgate by stellio, and in the Revised Version by "lizard." It may, however, represent the spider, of which there are, it is said, about seven hundred species in Palestine.

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Spider:

spi'-der

(1) ‘akkabhish; compare Arabic ‘ankabut, English Versions of the Bible "spider"; Septuagint arachne (Job 8:14; Isa 59:5);

(2) semamith, "lizard," the King James Version "spider"; Septuagint kalabotes (Pr 30:28)): Semamith of Pr 30:28 is probably the gecko, a kind of lizard, as Septuagint and the Revised Version (British and American) have it. See LIZARD.

In Job 8:14 the spider's web is an emblem of frailty: "Whose confidence shall break in sunder, and whose trust is a spider's web." Frailty or futility seems to be indicated also in Isa 59:5,6: "They hatch adders' eggs, and weave the spider's web:.... Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works" "Spider's web" is in Job 8:14 both ‘akkabhish, "spider's house," while in Isa 59:5 it is qure ‘akkabhish, qur, according to BDB, being "thread" or "film."



Written by Alfred Ely Day

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Spider:

The Hebrew word 'accabish in Job 8:14; Isaiah 59:5 is correctly rendered "spider." But semamith is wrongly translated "spider" in Proverbs 30:28; it refers probably to some kind of lizard. (But "there are many species of spider in Palestine: some which spin webs, like the common garden spider; some which dig subterranean cells and make doors in them, like the well‐known trap‐door spider of southern Europe; and some which have no web, but chase their prey upon the ground, like the hunting‐and the wolf‐spider."-Wood's Bible Animals.)

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The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.