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Dictionaries :: Sponge

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Easton's Bible Dictionary

Sponge:

occurs only in the narrative of the crucifixion (Mat 27:48; Mar 15:36; Jhn 19:29). It is ranked as a zoophyte. It is found attached to rocks at the bottom of the sea.

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Sponge:

spunj (spoggos): The word "sponge," the King James Version "spunge," occurs only in the accounts of our Lord's crucifixion in Mt 27:48; Mr 15:36; Joh 19:29. Sponges have been known from the earliest periods. They are mentioned by Homer, Aeschylus, Aristophanes and other ancient writers. The sponge fisheries of the Eastern Mediterranean are still among the most important in the world. Sponges are animals of a very simple organization, fixed to rocks or other objects in the sea or in fresh water. The marketable sponge consists of a mass of soft interlacing fibers which constituted the skeleton of the living animal. The sponge fishers of the Levant dive from boats, with or without diving apparatus, and tear the sponges from the rocks with their hands. The sponges are allowed to die and rot in the air and are then thoroughly washed until nothing but the skeleton remains. Sponges which have calcareous or silicious skeletons are unfit for use.

Written by Alfred Ely Day

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g4699 Greek: spongos

Sponge:

was the medium by which vinegar was carried to the mouth of Christ on the Cross, Mat 27:48; Mar 15:36; Jhn 19:29.

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Sponge:

a soft, porous marine substance. Sponges were for a long time supposed to be plants, but are now considered by the best naturalists to belong to the animal kingdom. Sponge is mentioned only in the New Testament (Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29). The commercial value of the sponge was known from very early times; and although there appears to be no notice of it in the Old Testament, yet it is probable that it was used by the ancient Hebrews, who could readily have obtained it good from the Mediterranean, where it was principally found.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.