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Dictionaries :: Envy

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


en'-vi (qin'ah; zelos, phthonos):

"Envy," from Latin in, "against," and video, "to look," "to look with ill-will," etc., toward another, is an evil strongly condemned in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is to be distinguished from jealousy. "We are jealous of our own; we are envious of another man's possessions. Jealousy fears to lose what it has; envy is pained at seeing another have" (Crabb's English Synonyms). In the Old Testament it is the translation of qin'ah from kana'," to redden," "to glow" (Job 5:2, the Revised Version (British and American) "jealousy," margin "indignation"; in Isa 26:11 the Revised Version (British and American) renders "see thy zeal for the people"; Pr 27:4, etc.); the verb occurs in Ge 26:14, etc.; Nu 11:29 the King James Version; Ps 106:16; Pr 3:31, etc.; in the New Testament it is the translation of phthonos, "envy" (Mt 27:18; Ro 1:29; Ga 5:21, "envyings," etc.); of zelos, "zeal", "jealousy," "envy" (Ac 13:45), translated "envying," the Revised Version (British and American) "jealousy" (Ro 13:13; 1Co 3:3; 2Co 12:20; Jas 3:14,16); the verb phthoneo occurs in Ga 5:26; zeloo in Ac 7:9; 17:5, the Revised Version (British and American) "moved with jealousy"; 1Co 13:4, "charity (the Revised Version (British and American) "love") envieth not."

The power of envy is stated in Pr 27:4: "Who is able to stand before envy?" (the Revised Version (British and American) "jealousy"); its evil effects are depicted in Job 5:2 (the Revised Version (British and American) "jealousy"), in Pr 14:30 (the Revised Version, margin "jealousy"); it led to the crucifixion of Christ (Mt 27:18; Mr 15:10); it is one of "the works of the flesh" (Ga 5:21; compare Ro 1:29; 1Ti 6:4); Christian believers are earnestly warned against it (Ro 13:13 the King James Version; 1Co 3:3 the King James Version; Ga 5:26; 1Pe 2:1). In Jas 4:5 "envy" is used in a good sense, akin to the jealousy ascribed to God. Where the King James Version has "The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy," the Revised Version (British and American) reads "Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying?"; the American Revised Version, margin "The spirit which he made to dwell in us he yearneth for even unto jealous envy"; compare Jer 3:14; Ho 2:19 f; or the English Revised Version, margin "That spirit which he made to dwell in us yearneth (for us) even unto jealous envy." This last seems to give the sense; compare "Ye adulteresses" (Ho 2:4), the American Revised Version, margin "That is, who break your marriage vow to God."

Written by W. L. Walker

Torrey's New Topical Textbook

Envy: Forbidden

Pro 3:31; Rom 13:13

Envy: Produced by Foolish Disputation

1Ti 6:4

Envy: Excited by Good Deeds of Others

Ecc 4:4

Envy: A Work of the Flesh

Gal 5:21; Jam 4:5

Envy: Hurtful to the Envious

Job 5:2; Pro 14:30

Envy: None Can Stand Before

Pro 27:4

Envy: A Proof of Carnal-Mindedness

1Cr 3:1,3

Envy: Inconsistent with the Gospel

Jam 3:14

Envy: Hinders Growth in Grace

1Pe 2:1,2

Envy: The Wicked

Are full of

Rom 1:29

Live in

Tts 3:3

Envy: Leads to Every Evil Work

Jam 3:16

Envy: Prosperity of the Wicked Should Not Excite

Psa 37:1,35; 73:3,17-20

Envy: Punishment Of

Isa 26:11

Envy: Exemplified


Gen 4:5


Gen 26:14

Laban's sons

Gen 31:1

Joseph's brethren

Gen 37:11


Num 11:28,29

Aaron, &c

Num 12:2

Korah, &c

Num 16:3; Psa 106:16


1Sa 18:8

Sanballat, &c

Neh 2:10


Est 5:13


Eze 35:11

Princes of Babylon

Dan 6:3,4

Chief Priests

Mar 15:10


Act 13:45; 17:5


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.