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Dictionaries :: Sea

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


se (yam; thalassa; in Ac 27:5 pelagos): The Mediterranean is called ha-yam ha-gadhol, "the great sea" (Nu 34:6; Jos 1:4; Eze 47:10, etc.); ha-yam ha-'acharon, "the hinder," or "western sea" (De 11:24; 34:2; Joe 2:20; Zec 14:8); yam pelishtim, "the sea of the Philis" (Ex 23:31); the King James Version translates yam yapho' in Ezr 3:7 by "sea of Joppa," perhaps rightly.

The Dead Sea is called yam ha-melach, "the Salt Sea" (Nu 34:3; De 3:17; Jos 3:16, etc.); ha-yam ha-qadhmoni, "the east sea" (Eze 47:18; Joe 2:20; Zec 14:8); yam ha-‘arabhah,"the sea of the Arabah" (De 3:17; Jos 3:16; 12:3; 2Ki 14:25).

The Red Sea is called yam cuph, literally, "sea of weeds" (Ex 10:19; Nu 14:25; De 1:1; Jos 2:10; Jud 11:16; 1Ki 9:26; Ne 9:9; Ps 106:7; Jer 49:21, etc.); (eruthra thalassa), literally, "red sea" (The Wisdom of Solomon 19:7; Ac 7:36; Heb 11:29); yam mitsrayim, "the Egyptian sea" (Isa 11:15).

Yam is used of the Nile in Na 3:8 and probably also in Isa 19:5, as in modern Arabic bachr, "sea," is used of the Nile and its affluents. Yam is often used for "west" or "westward," as "look from the place where thou art,.... westward" (Ge 13:14); "western border" (Nu 34:6). Yam is used for "sea" in general (Ex 20:11); also for "molten sea" of the temple (1Ki 7:23).

The Sea of Galilee is called kinnereth, "Chinnereth" (Nu 34:11); kinaroth, "Chinneroth" (Jos 11:2); kinneroth, "Chinneroth" (1Ki 15:20); yam kinnereth, "the sea of Chinnereth" (Nu 34:11; Jos 13:27); yam kinneroth, "the sea of Chinneroth (Jos 12:3); (he limne Gennesaret), "the lake of Gennesaret" (Lu 5:1); and (to hudor Gennesar), "the water of Gennesar" (1 Macc 11:67), from late Hebrew ginecar, or (genecar; he thalassa tes Galilaias), "the sea of Galilee" (Mt 4:18; 15:29; Mr 1:16; 7:31; Joh 6:1); (he thalassa tes Tiberiados), "the sea of Tiberias" (Joh 21:1; compare Joh 6:1).

In Jer 48:32 we have yam ya‘zer, "the sea of Jazer." Jazer is a site East of the Jordan, not satisfactorily identified (Nu 21:32; 32:1,3,15; Jos 13:25; 21:39; 2Sa 24:5; 1Ch 6:81; 26:31; Isa 16:8,9).

In midhbar yam, "the wilderness of the sea" (Isa 21:1), there may perhaps be a reference to the Persian Gulf.

Written by Alfred Ely Day


King James Dictionary

Sea: Large Basin.

Also he made a molten SEA of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the SEA round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast. (2 Chronicles 4:2-3)

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2281 Greek: thalassa


is used

(a) chiefly literally, e.g., "the Red Sea," Act 7:36; 1Cr 10:1; Hbr 11:29; the "sea" of Galilee or Tiberias, Mat 4:18; 15:29; Mar 6:48, 49, where the acts of Christ testified to His Deity; Jhn 6:1; 21:1; in general, e.g., Luk 17:2; Act 4:24; Rom 9:27; Rev 16:3; 18:17; 20:8, 13; 21:1; in combination with No. 2, Mat 18:6;

(b) metaphorically, of "the ungodly men" described in Jud 1:13 (cp. Isa 57:20);

(c) symbolically, in the apocalyptic vision of "a glassy sea like unto crystal," Rev 4:6, emblematic of the fixed purity and holiness of all that appertains to the authority and judicial dealings of God; in Rev 15:2, the same, "mingled with fire," and, standing by it (RV) or on it (AV and RV marg.), those who had "come victorious from the beast" (ch. 13); of the wild and restless condition of nations, Rev 13:1 (see Rev 17:1, 15), where "he stood" (RV) refers to the dragon, not John (AV); from the midst of this state arises the beast, symbolic of the final Gentile power dominating the federated nations of the Roman world (see Dan., chapts. 2; 7; etc.).

Note: For the change from "the sea" in Deu 30:13, to "the abyss" in Rom 10:7, see BOTTOM, B.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3989 Greek: pelagos


"the deep sea, the deep," is translated "the depth" in Mat 18:6, and is used of the "Sea of Cilicia" in Act 27:5.
See DEPTH, No. 2. Pelagos signifies "the vast expanse of open water," thalassa, "the sea as contrasted with the land" (Trench, Syn., xiii).

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g1724 Greek: enalios


"in the sea," lit., "of, or belonging to, the salt water" (from hals, "salt"), occurs in Jam 3:7.

B-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g3882 Greek: paralios


"by the sea," Luk 6:17: see COAST.

B-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g3864 Greek: parathalassios


"by the sea," Mat 4:13, see COAST, Note 2.

B-4 Adjective Strong's Number: g1337 Greek: dithalassos


primarily signifies "divided into two seas" (dis, "twice," and thalassa); then, "dividing the sea," as of a reef or rocky projection running out into the "sea," Act 27:41.

Smith's Bible Dictionary


The sea, yam, is used in Scripture to denote-

(1.) "The gathering of the waters," "the Ocean." (Genesis 1:2; 1:10; 30:13 etc.).

(2.) Some portion of this, as the Mediterranean Sea, called the "hinder," the "western" and the "utmost" sea (Deuteronomy 11:24; 34:2; Joel 2:20). "sea of the Philistines," (Exodus 23:31). "the great sea," (Numbers 36:6, 7; Joshua 15:47). "the sea." Genesis 49:13; Psalm 80:11 Also frequently of the Red Sea (Exodus 15:4). SEE [RED SEA].

(3.) Inland lakes termed seas, as the Salt or Dead Sea. SEE [SEA, THE SALT].

(4.) Any great collection of waters, as the river Nile (Isaiah 19:5) and the Euphrates (Jeremiah 51:36).


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