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Dictionaries :: Togarmah

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Easton's Bible Dictionary

Togarmah:

(1.) A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth (Gen 10:3).

(2.) A nation which traded in horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre (Eze 27:14; 38:6); probably an Armenian or a Scythian race; descendants of (1).

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

Togarmah:

which is all bone

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Togarmah:

to-gar'-ma (~togharmah]; Thorgama, Thergama, Thurgama, Thurgaba; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Thorgoma):

1. Its Forms: A Suggested Identification:

The 3rd son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, his brothers being Ashkenaz and Riphath (Ge 10:3). The meaning of the name is doubtful. Grimm (Gesch. deutsch. Sprache, II, 325) suggests Sanskr. toka, "tribe," and arma = Armenia. Etymological and other difficulties stand in the way of French Delitzsch's identification of Togarmah with the Assyrian Til-garimmu, "hill of Garimmu," or, possibly, "of the bone-heap," a fortress of Melitene, on the borders of Tabal (Tubal).

2. Probably Armenia or a Tract Connected Therewith:

In Eze 27:14 Togarmah is mentioned after Tubal, Javan and Mesech as supplying horses and mules to the Tyrians, and in 38:6 it is said to have supplied soldiers to the army of Gog (Gyges of Lydia). In the Assyrian inscriptions horses came from Kusu (neighborhoed of Cappadocia), Andia and Mannu, to the North of Assyria. Both Kiepert and Dillmann regard Togarmah as having been Southeastern Armenia, and this is at present the general opinion. The ancient identification of their country with Togarmah by the Armenians, though correct, is probably due to the Septuagint transposition of "g" and "r" (Thorgama for Togarmah), which has caused them to see therein the name of Thorgom, father of Haik, the founder of their race (Moses of Khor, I, 4, secs. 9-11). Eze 27:14 (Swete) alone has "g" before "r": Thaigrama. The name "Armenia" dates from the 5th century BC.

Written by T. G. Pinches

See ARMENIA

See TABLE OF NATIONS

Smith's Bible Dictionary

Togarmah:

a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis 10:3). His descendants became a people engaged in agriculture, breeding horses and mules to be sold in Tyre (Ezekiel 27:14). They were also a military people, well skilled in the use of arms. Togarmah was probably the ancient name of Armenia.

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The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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