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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Ability, Able

Dictionaries :: Ability, Able

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1411 Greek: dunamis

Ability, Able:

is

(a) "power, ability," physical or moral, as residing in a person or thing;

(b) "power in action," as, e.g., when put forth in performing miracles. It occurs 118 times in the NT. It is sometimes used of the miracle or sign itself, the effect being put for the cause, e.g., Mar 6:5, frequently in the Gospels and Acts. In 1Cr 14:11 it is rendered "meaning;" "force" would be more accurate. Cp., the corresponding verbs, B. 1, 2, 3 and the adjective C. 1, below.
See ABUNDANCE, DEED, MIGHT, POWER, STRENGTH, VIOLENCE, VIRTUE, WORK.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2479 Greek: ischus

Ability, Able:

connected with ischo and echo, "to have, to hold" (from the root ech--, signifying "holding"), denotes "ability, force, strength;" "ability" in 1Pe 4:11, AV (RV, "strength"). In Eph 1:19 and Eph 6:10, it is said of the strength of God bestowed upon believers, the phrase "the power of His might" indicating strength afforded by power. In 2Th 1:9, "the glory of His might" signifies the visible expression of the inherent personal power of the Lord Jesus. It is said of angels in 2Pe 2:11 (cp., Rev 18:2, AV, "mightily"). It is ascribed to God in Rev 5:12; 7:12. In Mar 12:30,33; Luk 10:27 it describes the full extent of the power wherewith we are to love God.
See MIGHT, POWER, STRENGTH

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1410 Greek: dunamai

Ability, Able:

"to be able, to have power," whether by virtue of one's own ability and resources, e.g., Rom 15:14; or through a state of mind, or through favorable circumstances, e.g., 1Th 2:6; or by permission of law or custom, e.g., Act 24:8, 11; or simply "to be able, powerful," Mat 3:9; 2Ti 3:15, etc.
See CAN, MAY, POSSIBLE, POWER.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1412 Greek: dunamoo

Ability, Able:

"to make strong, confirm," occurs in Col 1:11 (some authorities have the 1st aorist or momentary tense, in Hbr 11:34 also). Cp. endunamoo, "to enable, strengthen."

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g1414 Greek: dunateo

Ability, Able:

signifies "to be mighty, to show oneself powerful," Rom 4:14; 2Cr 9:8; 13:3. See A, No. 1.

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2480 Greek: ischuo

Ability, Able:

akin to A, No. 2, "to be strong, to prevail," indicates a more forceful strength or ability than dunamai, e.g., Jam 5:16, where it is rendered "availeth much" (i.e., "prevails greatly").
See AVAIL, CAN, DO, MAY, PREVAIL, STRENGTH, WORK.

Note: Still stronger forms are exischuo, "to be thoroughly strong," Eph 3:18, "may be strong" (not simply "may be able," AV); katischuo, Mat 16:18; Luk 23:23, in the former, of the powerlessness of the gates of Hades to prevail against the Church; in the latter, of the power of a fierce mob to prevail over a weak ruler (see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 251); also Luk 21:36. The prefixed prepositions are intensive in each case.

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g2192 Greek: echo

Ability, Able:

"to have," is translated "your ability" in 2Cr 8:11, and "ye may be able" in 2Pe 1:15, and is equivalent to the phrase "to have the means of."
See CAN, HAVE.

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g2141 Greek: euporeo

Ability, Able:

lit, "to journey well" (eu, "well," poreo, "to journey"), hence, "to prosper," is translated "according to (his) ability," in Act 11:29.

Note: Hikanoo, corresponding to the adjective hikanos (see below) signifies "to make competent, qualify, make sufficient;" in 2Cr 3:6, AV, "hath made (us) able;" RV, "hath made us sufficient;" in Col 1:12, "hath made (us) meet."
See ENOUGH, SUFFICIENT.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g1415 Greek: dunatos

Ability, Able:

corresponding to A, No. 1, signifies "powerful." See, e.g., Rom 4:21; 9:22; 11:23; 12:18; 15:1; 1Cr 1:26; 2Cr 9:8.
See MIGHTY, POSSIBLE, POWER, STRONG.

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g2425 Greek: hikanos

Ability, Able:

translated "able," is to be distinguished from dunatos. While dunatos means "possessing power," hikanos, primarily, "reaching to," has accordingly the meaning "sufficient." When said of things it signifies "enough," e.g., Luk 22:38; when said of persons, it means "competent," "worthy," e.g. 2Cr 2:6,16; 3:5; 2Ti 2:2.
See CONTENT, ENOUGH, GOOD, GREAT, LARGE, LONG, MANY, MEET, MUCH, SECURITY, SUFFICIENT, WORTHY.

Note: Ischuros denotes "strong, mighty;" in an active sense, "might," in having inherent and moral power, e.g., Mat 12:29; 1Cr 4:10; Hbr 6:18.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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