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Dictionaries :: Flesh

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g4561 Greek: sarx


has a wider range of meaning in the NT than in the OT. Its uses in the NT may be analyzed as follows:

(a) "the substance of the body," whether of beasts or of men, 1Cr 15:39;

(b) "the human body," 2Cr 10:3; Gal 2:20; Phl 1:22;

(c) by synecdoche, of "mankind," in the totality of all that is essential to manhood, i.e., spirit, soul, and body, Mat 24:22; Jhn 1:13; Rom 3:20;

(d) by synecdoche, of "the holy humanity" of the Lord Jesus, in the totality of all that is essential to manhood, i.e., spirit, soul, and body, Jhn 1:14; 1Ti 3:16; 1Jo 4:2; 2Jo 1:7; in Hbr 5:7, "the days of His flesh," i.e., His past life on earth in distinction from His present life in resurrection;

(e) by synecdoche, for "the complete person," Jhn 6:51-57; 2Cr 7:5; Jam 5:3;

(f) "the weaker element in human nature," Mat 26:41; Rom 6:19; 8:3;

(g) "the unregenerate state of men," Rom 7:5; 8:8, 9;

(h) "the seat of sin in man" (but this is not the same thing as in the body), 2Pe 2:18; 1Jo 2:16;

(i) "the lower and temporary element in the Christian," Gal 3:3; 6:8, and in religious ordinances, Hbr 9:10;

(j) "the natural attainments of men," 1Cr 1:26; 2Cr 10:2, 3;

(k) "circumstances," 1Cr 7:28; the externals of life, 2Cr 7:1; Eph 6:5; Hbr 9:13;

(l) by metonymy, "the outward and seeming," as contrasted with the spirit, the inward and real, Jhn 6:63; 2Cr 5:16;

(m) "natural relationship, consanguine," 1Cr 10:18; Gal 4:23, or marital, Mat 19:5." *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 111,112.]

In Mat 26:41; Rom 8:4, 13; 1Cr 5:5; Gal 6:8 (not the Holy Spirit, here), "flesh" is contrasted with spirit; in Rom 2:28, 29, with heart and spirit; in Rom 7:25, with the mind; cp. Col 2:1, 5. It is coupled with the mind in Eph 2:3, and with the spirit in 2Cr 7:1.

Note: In Col 2:18 the noun sarx is used in the phrase "(by his) fleshly mind," lit., "by the mind of his flesh" [see (h) above], whereas the mind ought to be dominated by the Spirit.

2 Strong's Number: g2907 Greek: kreas


denotes "flesh" in the sense of meat. It is used in the plural in Rom 14:21; 1Cr 8:13.


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