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Dictionaries :: Kill

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g615 Greek: apokteino


"to kill," is used

(a) physically, e.g., Mat 10:28; 14:5, "put... to death," similarly rendered in Jhn 18:31; often of Christ's death; in Rev 2:13, RV, "was killed" (AV, "was slain"); Rev 9:15, RV, "kill" (AV, "slay"); Rev 11:13, RV, "were killed" (AV, "were slain"); so in Rev 19:21;

(b) metaphorically, Rom 7:11, of the power of sin, which is personified, as "finding occasion, through the commandment," and inflicting deception and spiritual death, i.e., separation from God, realized through the presentation of the commandment to conscience, breaking in upon the fancied state of freedom; the argument shows the power of the Law, not to deliver from sin, but to enhance its sinfulness; in 2Cr 3:6, "the letter killeth," signifies not the literal meaning of Scripture as contrasted with the spiritual, but the power of the Law to bring home the knowledge of guilt and its punishment; in Eph 2:16 "having slain the enmity" describes the work of Christ through His death in annulling the enmity, "the Law" (Eph 2:15), between Jew and Gentile, reconciling regenerate Jew and Gentile to God in spiritual unity "in one body."
See DEATH, C, No. 4, SLAY.

2 Strong's Number: g337 Greek: anaireo



(a) "to take up" (ana, "up," haireo, "to take"), said of Pharaoh's daughter, in "taking up" Moses, Act 7:21;

(b) "to take away" in the sense of removing, Hbr 10:9, of the legal appointment of sacrifices, to bring in the will of God in the sacrificial offering of the death of Christ;

(c) "to kill," used physically only (not metaphorically as in No. 1), e.g., Luk 22:2; in 2Th 2:8, instead of the future tense of this verb, some texts (followed by RV marg.) read the future of analisko, "to consume."
See DEATH, C, No. 2, SLAY.

3 Strong's Number: g2380 Greek: thuo


primarily denotes "to offer firstfruits to a god;" then

(a) "to sacrifice by slaying a victim," Act 14:13, 18, to do sacrifice; 1Cr 10:20, to sacrifice; 1Cr 5:7, "hath been sacrificed," of the death of Christ as our Passover;

(b) "to slay, kill," Mat 22:4; Mar 14:12; Luk 15:23, 27, 30; 22:7; Jhn 10:10; Act 10:13; 11:7.

4 Strong's Number: g5407 Greek: phoneuo


"to murder," akin to phoneus, "a murderer," is always rendered by the verb "to kill" (except in Mat 19:18, AV, "do... murder," and in Mat 23:35, AV and RV, "ye slew"); Mat 5:21 (twice); 23:31; Mar 10:19; Luk 18:20; Rom 13:9; Jam 2:11 (twice); 4:2; 5:6.

5 Strong's Number: g2289 Greek: thanatoo


"to put to death" (from thanatos, "death"), is translated "are killed" in Rom 8:36; "killed" in 2Cr 6:9.
See DEATH, C, No. 1.

6 Strong's Number: g1315 Greek: diacheirizo


primarily, "to have in hand, manage" (cheir, "the hand"), is used in the Middle Voice, in the sense of "laying hands on" with a view to "kill," or of actually "killing," Act 5:30, "ye slew;" Act 26:21, "to kill."

7 Strong's Number: g4969 Greek: sphazo | sphatto


"to slay, to slaughter," especially victims for sacrifice, is most frequently translated by the verb "to slay;" so the RV in Rev 6:4 (AV, "should kill"); in Rev 13:3, RV, "smitten unto death" (AV, "wounded").
See SLAY, WOUND. Cp. katasphazo, "to kill off," Luk 19:27; sphage, "slaughter," e.g., Act 8:32, and sphagion, "a victim for slaughter," Act 7:42.


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