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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Leave, Left

Dictionaries :: Leave, Left

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words

Leave, Left:

(a) In the sense of leaving, abandoning, forsaking.

1 Strong's Number: g863 Greek: aphiemi

Leave, Left:

apo, "from," and hiemi, "to send," has three chief meanings,

(a) "to send forth, let go, forgive;"

(b) "to let, suffer, permit;"

(c) "to leave, leave alone, forsake, neglect." It is translated by the verb "to leave" (c), in Mat 4:11; 4:20, 22, and parallel passages; Mat 5:24; 8:15, and parallel passages; Mat 8:22, RV, "leave (the dead)," AV, "let," and the parallel passage; Mat 13:36, RV, "left" (the multitude)," AV, "sent... away;" Mat 18:12; 19:27, and parallel passages, RV, "we have left" (AV, "we have forsaken"); so Mat 19:29; 22:22, 25; 23:23, RV, "have left undone" (AV, "have omitted," in the 1st part, "leave undone" in the second); Mat 23:38, and the parallel passage; Mat 24:2, 40, 41, and parallel passages; Mat 26:56, RV, "left;" Mar 1:18, "left;" Mar 1:31; 7:8, RV, "ye leave;" Mar 8:13; 10:28, 29; 12:12, 19-22; 13:34; Luk 10:30; 11:42 (in some mss.); Luk 12:39, RV "have left," AV "have suffered" (No. 9 in Mat 24:43); Jhn 4:3, 28, 52; 8:29; 10:12; 14:18, 27; 16:28, 32; Rom 1:27; 1Cr 7:11, RV, "leave" (AV "put away"); Jhn 7:13 (AV and RV); Hbr 2:8; 6:1; Rev 2:4.

2 Strong's Number: g447 Greek: aniemi

Leave, Left:

ana, "back" and hiemi, "to send," denotes "to let go, loosen, forbear;" it is translated "I will (never) leave (thee)" in Hbr 13:5.

3 Strong's Number: g2641 Greek: kataleipo

Leave, Left:

"to leave behind" (kata, "down," leipo, "to leave"), is everywhere rendered by the verb "to leave" except in the following: the AV of Rom 11:4, "I have reserved" (RV, "I have left"); Hbr 11:27, "he forsook;" 2Pe 2:15, AV, "have forsaken," RV, "forsaking."

4 Strong's Number: g620 Greek: apoleipo

Leave, Left:

"to leave behind" (apo, "from") is used

(a) in the Active Voice, of "leaving" behind a cloak, 2Ti 4:13; a person, 2Ti 4:20; of "abandoning" a principality (by angels), Jud 1:6, RV;

(b) in the Passive Voice, "to be reserved, to remain," Hbr 4:6, 9; 10:26.
See REMAIN, No. 3. In the papyri it is used as a technical term in wills (Moulton and Milligan, Vocab.).

5 Strong's Number: g1459 Greek: enkataleipo

Leave, Left:

lit., "to leave behind in" (en, "in," and No. 3), signifies

(a) "to leave behind," Rom 9:29, "a seed;"

(b) "to abandon, forsake," translated by the verb "to leave" in Act 2:27, 31 (in some mss., No. 3) of the soul of Christ; in the following by the verb "to forsake," Mat 27:46; Mar 15:34; 2Cr 4:9; 2Ti 4:10, 16; Hbr 10:25; 13:5 (see No. 2 in the same ver.).

6 Strong's Number: g5275 Greek: hupoleipo

Leave, Left:

"to leave remaining;" lit., "to leave under" (hupo), is used in the Passive Voice in Rom 11:3, of a survivor.

7 Strong's Number: g4035 Greek: perileipo

Leave, Left:

"to leave over," is used in the Passive Voice in 1Th 4:15, 17, RV, "that are left" (AV, "that remain"), lit., "left over," i.e., the living believers at the Lord's return.

8 Strong's Number: g3973 Greek: pauo

Leave, Left:

"to make to cease," is used in the Middle Voice, signifying "to cease, leave off," and is translated "had left" in Luk 5:4; "left" in Act 21:32; elsewhere, "to cease."

9 Strong's Number: g1439 Greek: eao

Leave, Left:


(a) "to let, permit, suffer," e.g., Mat 24:43;

(b) "to leave," Act 23:32, of "leaving" horsemen; Act 27:40, of "leaving" anchors in the sea, RV [AV, "committed (themselves)"].

10 Strong's Number: g5277 Greek: hupolimpano

Leave, Left:

limpano being a late form for leipo, "to leave," is used in 1Pe 2:21, "leaving (us an example)."

11 Strong's Number: g4052 Greek: perisseuo

Leave, Left:

"to be over and above" (the number), hence, "to be or remain over," is translated "was left," in Mat 15:37, AV (RV, "remained over," as in Mat 14:20; Luk 9:17; Jhn 6:12, 13, where the AV adds "and above"), of the broken fragments after the feeding of the multitudes.

Note: The corresponding noun, perisseuma, "that which is over and above," is used in the plural in Mar 8:8, RV, "(of broken pieces) that remained over," AV, "(of the broken meat) that was left," lit., "of fragments of broken pieces."

12 Strong's Number: g1544 Greek: ekballo

Leave, Left:

"to cast out" (ek, "from," ballo, "to cast"), "to drive out," is used in the sense of "rejecting" or "leaving out," in Rev 11:2, as to the measuring of the court of the Temple (marg., "cast without").
See CAST, No. 5.

(b) In the sense of giving leave.

13 Strong's Number: g2010 Greek: epitrepo

Leave, Left:

lit. denotes "to turn to" (epi, "upon, to," trepo, "to turn"), and so

(a) "to commit, entrust" (not in NT);

(b) "to permit, give leave, send," of Christ's permission to the unclean spirits to enter the swine, Mar 5:13; in Luk 8:32, RV, "give... leave," "gave... leave" (AV, "suffer" and "suffered"); in Jhn 19:38, of Pilate's permission to Joseph to take away the body of the Lord; in Act 21:39, of Paul's request to the chief captain to permit him to address the people, RV, "give... leave" (for AV, "suffer"); in Act 21:40, "he had given him leave" (AV, "... licence").

(c) In the sense of taking leave of, bidding farewell to.

14 Strong's Number: g657 Greek: apotasso

Leave, Left:

used in the Middle Voice in the NT, lit. signifies "to arrange oneself off" (apo, "from," tasso, "to arrange"); hence, "to take leave of," Mar 6:46, RV, "had taken leave of" (AV, "had sent... away"); Act 18:18; 18:21, RV, "taking his leave of" (AV, "bade... farewell"); 2Cr 2:13; in Luk 9:61, "to bid farewell;" in Luk 14:33 it has its other meaning "renouncing" (AV, "forsaking").

15 Strong's Number: g782 Greek: apaspazomai

Leave, Left:

"to embrace, salute, take leave of" (apo "from," aspazomai, "to salute"), is used in Act 21:6, AV, "when we had taken our leave" (RV, "bade... farewell"). Some mss. have the simple verb aspazomai.


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