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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under)

Dictionaries :: Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1411 Greek: dunamis

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

for the different meanings of which see ABILITY, MIGHT, is sometimes used, by metonymy, of persons and things, e.g.,

(a) of God, Mat 26:64; Mar 14:62;

(b) of angels, e.g., perhaps in Eph 1:21, RV, "power," AV, "might" (cp. Rom 8:38; 1Pe 3:22);

(c) of that which manifests God's "power:" Christ, 1Cr 1:24; the Gospel, Rom 1:16;

(d) of mighty works (RV, marg., "power" or "powers"), e.g., Mar 6:5, "mighty work;" so Mar 9:39, RV (AV, "miracle"); Act 2:22 (ditto); 8:13, "miracles;" 2Cr 12:12, RV, "mighty works" (AV, "mighty deeds").

Note: For different meanings of synonymous terms, see Note under DOMINION, A, No. 1.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1849 Greek: exousia

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

denotes "freedom of action, right to act;" used of God, it is absolute, unrestricted, e.g., Luk 12:5 (RV marg., "authority"); in Act 1:7 "right of disposal" is what is indicated; used of men, authority is delegated. Angelic beings are called "powers" in Eph 3:10 (cp. 1:21); 6:12; Col 1:6; 2:15 (cp. 2:10).

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g2479 Greek: ischus

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

"ability, force, strength," is nowhere translated "power" in the RV (AV in 2Th 1:9).
See ABILITY, No. 2.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g2904 Greek: kratos

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

is translated "power" in the RV and AV in 1Ti 6:16; Hbr 2:14; in Eph 1:19 (last part); 6:10, AV, "power" (RV, "strength"): see DOMINION, A, No. 1, STRENGTH, A, No. 3.

A-5 Noun Strong's Number: g1415 Greek: dunaton

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

the neuter of the adjective dunatos, "powerful" (akin to No. 1), is used as a noun with the article in Rom 9:22, "(to make His) power (known)."

A-6 Noun Strong's Number: g746 Greek: arche

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

"a beginning, rule," is translated "power" in Luk 20:20, AV (RV, "rule").

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1850 Greek: exousiazo

Power (Noun, and Verb, to Have, Bring Under):

"to exercise authority" (akin to A, No. 2), is used

(a) in the Active Voice, Luk 22:25, RV, "have authority" (AV, "exercise authority"), of the "power" of rulers; 1Cr 7:4 (twice), of marital relations and conditions;

(b) in the Passive Voice, 1Cr 6:12, to be brought under the "power" of a thing; here, this verb and the preceding one connected with it, exesti, present a paronomasia, which Lightfoot brings out as follows: "all are within my power; but I will not put myself under the power of any one of all things."
See AUTHORITY, B, No. 1.


(1) In Rev 13:14, 15, AV, didomi, "to give," is translated "(he) had power;" RV, "it was given (him)" and "it was given unto him;" the AV misses the force of the permissive will of God in the actings of the Beast.

(2) In Rom 16:25, AV, dunamai, "to be able," is translated "that is of power" (RV, "that is able").

(3) The subject of power in Scripture may be viewed under the following heads:

(a) its original source, in the Persons in the Godhead;

(b) its exercise by God in creation, its preservation and its government;

(c) special manifestations of Divine "power," past, present and future;

(d) "power" existent in created beings, other than man, and in inanimate nature;

(e) committed to man, and misused by him;

(f) committed to those who, on becoming believers, were "empowered" by the Spirit of God, are indwelt by Him, and will exercise it hereafter for God's glory.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.