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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness

Dictionaries :: Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g772 Greek: asthenes

Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness:

lit., "strengthless" (see IMPOTENT), is translated "weak,"

(a) of physical "weakness," Mat 26:41; Mar 14:38; 1Cr 1:27; 4:10; 11:30 (a judgment upon spiritual laxity in a church); 2Cr 10:10; 1Pe 3:7 (comparative degree);

(b) in the spiritual sense, said of the rudiments of Jewish religion, in their inability to justify anyone, Gal 4:9; of the Law, Hbr 7:18; in Rom 5:6, RV, "weak" (AV, "without strength"), of the inability of man to accomplish his salvation;

(c) morally or ethically, 1Cr 8:7, 10; 9:22;

(d) rhetorically, of God's actions according to the human estimate, 1Cr 1:25, "weakness," lit., "the weak things of God."

A-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g102 Greek: adunatos

Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness:

lit., "not powerful," is translated "weak" in Rom 15:1, of the infirmities of those whose scruples arise through lack of faith (see Rom 14:22, 23), in the same sense as No. 1 (c); the change in the adjective (cp. Rom 14:1) is due to the contrast with dunatoi, the "strong," who have not been specifically mentioned as such in ch. 14.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g770 Greek: astheneo

Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness:

"to lack strength," is used in much the same way as A, No. 1, and translated "being... weak" in Rom 4:19, AV (RV, "being weakened"); Rom 8:3; 14:1, 2 (in some texts, 1Cr 8:9); 2Cr 11:21, 29 (twice); 2Cr 12:10; 13:3, 4, 9.

C-1 Noun Strong's Number: g769 Greek: astheneia

Weak, Weakened, Weaker, Weakness:

for which see INFIRMITY, is rendered "weakness," of the body, 1Cr 2:3; 15:43; 2Cr 11:30, RV; 2Cr 12:5 (plural, RV), 2Cr 12:9, 10, RV; Hbr 11:34; in 2Cr 13:4, "He was crucified through weakness" is said in respect of the physical sufferings to which Christ voluntarily submitted in giving Himself up to the death of the Cross.


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