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Dictionaries :: Galbanum

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


Heb. helbenah, (Exd 30:34), one of the ingredients in the holy incense. It is a gum, probably from the Galbanum officinale.

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


gal'-ba-num (chelbenah; chalbdne): A gum-resin which occurs in small, round, semitranslucent tears or in brownish yellow masses; has a pleasant aromatic odor and a bitter taste; and is today, at any rate, imported from Persia.

It is derived from certain umbelliferous plants, Ferula galbaniflua and F. rubricaulis. It is mentioned in Ex 30:34 as an ingredient of the holy incense, and also in #/APC Sirach 24:15: "a pleasant odor.... as galbanum."

Smith's Bible Dictionary


one of the perfumes employed in the preparation of the sacred incense (Exodus 30:34). The galbanum of commerce is brought chiefly from India and the Levant. It is a resinous gum of a brownish‐yellow color and strong disagreeable smell, usually met with in masses, but sometimes found in yellowish tear‐like drops. But, though galbanum itself is well known, the plant which yields it has not been exactly determined. Sprengel is in favor of the Ferula ferulago, L., which grows in North Africa, Crete, and Asia Minor. It was for some time supposed to be the product of the Bubon galbanum of Linnaeus, a native of the Cape of Good Hope. The Opoidia Galbanifera has been adopted by the Dublin College in their Pharmacopoeia as that which yields the galbanum. But the question remains undecided.


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