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Dictionaries :: Oven

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


Heb. tannur, (Hsa 7:4). In towns there appear to have been public ovens. There was a street in Jerusalem (Jer 37:21) called "bakers' street" (the only case in which the name of a street in Jerusalem is preserved). The words "tower of the furnaces" (Neh 3:11; 12:38) is more properly "tower of the ovens" (Heb. tannurim). These resemble the ovens in use among ourselves.

There were other private ovens of different kinds. Some were like large jars made of earthenware or copper, which were heated inside with wood (1Ki 17:12; Isa 44:15; Jer 7:18) or grass (Mat 6:30), and when the fire had burned out, small pieces of dough were placed inside or spread in thin layers on the outside, and were thus baked. (See FURNACE.)

Pits were also formed for the same purposes, and lined with cement. These were used after the same manner.

Heated stones, or sand heated by a fire heaped over it, and also flat irons pans, all served as ovens for the preparation of bread. (See Gen 18:6; 1Ki 19:6.)

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia





Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g2823 Greek: klibanos


is mentioned in Mat 6:30; Luk 12:28. The form of "oven" commonly in use in the east indicates the kind in use as mentioned in Scripture. A hole is sunk in the ground about 3 feet deep and somewhat less in diameter. The walls are plastered with cement. A fire is kindled inside, the fuel being grass, or dry twigs, which heat the oven rapidly and blacken it with smoke and soot (see Lam 5:10). When sufficiently heated the surface is wiped, and the dough is moulded into broad thin loaves, placed one at a time on the wall of the "oven" to fit its concave inner circle. The baking takes a few seconds. Such ovens are usually outside the house, and often the same "oven" serves for several families (Lev 26:26). An "oven" of this sort is doubtless referred to in Exd 8:3 (see Hastings, Bib. Dic.).

Smith's Bible Dictionary


The eastern oven is of two kinds-fixed and portable. The former is found only in towns, where regular bakers are employed (Hosea 7:4). The latter ia adapted to the nomad state, it consists of a large jar made of clay, about three feet high and widening toward the bottom, with a hole for the extraction of the ashes. Each household possessed such an article (Exodus 8:3) and it was only in times of extreme dearth that the same oven sufficed for several families (Leviticus 26:26). It was heated with dry twigs and grass (Matthew 6:30) and the loaves were placed both inside and outside of it.


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