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Dictionaries :: One

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia




Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Numeral Strong's Number: g1520 Greek: heis


the first cardinal numeral, masculine (feminine and neuter nominative forms are mia and hen, respectively), is used to signify


(a) "one" in contrast to many, e.g., Mat 25:15; Rom 5:18, RV, "(through) one (trespass)," i.e., Adam's transgression, in contrast to the "one act of righteousness," i.e., the death of Christ (not as AV, "the offense of one," and "the righteousness of one");

(b) metaphorically, "union" and "concord," e.g., Jhn 10:30; 11:52; 17:11, 21, 22; Rom 12:4, 5; Phl 1:27;

(2) emphatically,

(a) a single ("one"), to the exclusion of others, e.g., Mat 21:24; Rom 3:10; 1Cr 9:24; 1Ti 2:5 (twice);

(b) "one, alone," e.g., Mar 2:7, RV (AV, "only"); Mar 10:18; Luk 18:19;

(c) "one and the same," e.g., Rom 3:30, RV, "God is one," i.e., there is not "one" God for the Jew and one for the Gentile; cp. Gal 3:20, which means that in a promise there is no other party; 1Cr 3:8; 11:5; 12:11; 1Jo 5:8 (lit., "and the three are into one," i.e., united in "one" and the same witness);

(3) a certain "one," in the same sense as the indefinite pronoun tis (see B, No. 1), e.g., Mat 8:19, RV, "a (scribe)," marg., "one (scribe)," AV, "a certain (scribe);" Mat 19:16, "one;" in Rev 8:13, RV marg., "one (eagle);" heis tis are used together in Luk 22:50; Jhn 11:49; this occurs frequently in the papyri (Moulton, Prol., p. 96);

(4) distributively, with hekastos, "each," i.e., "every one," e.g., Luk 4:40; Act 2:6, "every man" (lit., "every one"); in the sense of "one... and one," e.g., Jhn 20:12; or "one..." followed by allos or heteros, "the other," e.g., Mat 6:24; or by a second heis, e.g., Mat 24:40, RV, "one;" Jhn 20:12; in Rom 12:5 heis is preceded by kata (kath') in the sense of "severally (members) one (of another)," RV (AV, "every one... one"); cp. Mar 14:19; in 1Th 5:11 the phrase in the 2nd part, "each other," RV (AV, "one another"), is, lit., "one the one;"

(5) as an ordinal number, equivalent to protos, "first," in the phrase "the first day of the week," lit., and idiomatically, "one of sabbaths," signifying "the first day after the sabbath," e.g., Mat 28:1; Mar 16:2; Act 20:7; 1Cr 16:2. Moulton remarks on the tendency for certain cardinal numerals to replace ordinals (Prol., p. 96).

B-1 Pronoun Strong's Number: g5100 Greek: tis


an indefinite pronoun signifying "a certain one, some one, any one, one" (the neuter form ti denotes "a certain thing"), is used

(a) like a noun, e.g., Act 5:25; 19:32; 21:34; 1Cr 3:4; or with the meaning "someone," e.g., Act 8:31, RV, "some one" (AV, "some man"); Rom 5:7;

(b) as an adjective; see CERTAIN, Note (3), SOME.

B-2 Pronoun Strong's Number: g3739 Greek: hos


as a relative pronoun, signifies "who;" as a demonstrative pronoun, "this," or "the one" in contrast with "the other," or "another," e.g., Rom 14:2, AV (RV, "one man"); 1Cr 12:8.


(1) The RV often substitutes "one" for "man," e.g., Mat 17:8 (oudeis, "no one"); 1Cr 3:21 (i.e., "no person"); 1Cr 15:35; 1Th 5:15; 2Ti 4:16; 1Jo 2:27; 3:3.

(2) The pronoun houtos is sometimes translated "this one," e.g., Luk 7:8.

(3) In 1Pe 3:8, AV, homophron, "likeminded" (RV), is translated "of one mind" (lit., "of the same mind").

(4) In Act 7:26, "at one," is, lit., "unto peace" (see PEACE).

(5) For "every one" in Act 5:16 see EVERY, No. 2.

(6) In Mar 9:26 nekros, "dead," is translated "one dead."

(7) In Act 2:1 "in one place" translates epi to auto, lit., "to the same," which may mean "for the same (purpose);" in 1Cr 11:20; 14:23, the RV translates it "together."

(8) In Mar 1:7, AV, the article ho, "the," is rendered "one" (RV, "he that").

(9) In Mar 7:14, AV, the plural of pas, "all" (so RV), is translated "every one;" in Mat 5:28, AV, pas, with the article, is translated "whosoever" (RV "every one who").

(10) In Act 1:24, AV, "whether" is, lit., and as the RV, "the one whom."

(11) In 2Th 2:7, the article is rendered "one that," RV (AV, "he who").
See also ACCORD, CONSENT, B, No. 1, END, C, Note (6), EYE (with one), GREAT, HOLY, LITTLE, MIND, NATION, WICKED.


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