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Dictionaries :: Rod

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


(maqqel, maTTeh, shebheT; rhabdos): Little distinction can be drawn between the Hebrew words used for "rod" and "staff." Maqqel is the word used in Ge 30:37 ff for the twigs of poplar put by Jacob before his sheep, and in Jer 1:11 of the "rod of an almond-tree." MaTTeh is used of a rod in the hand, as the "rods" of Moses and of Aaron (Ex 4:2 ff; 7:9, etc.). ShebheT is used, but sometimes also maTTeh, of the rod used for correction (Ex 21:20; 2Sa 7:14; Pr 10:13; 13:24; Isa 10:5, etc.). In Ps 23:4 ("Thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me"), however, shebheT is the shepherd's rod, figurative of divine guidance and care. In Eze 21:10,13, the word stands for the royal scepter. In the New Testament "rod" is used of a rod of correction (1Co 4:21), Aaron's rod (Heb 9:4), a ruler's rod "of iron" (severity, as in Re 2:27; 12:5; 19:15), a measuring rod (Re 11:1).

Written by James Orr


Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g4464 Greek: rhabdos


"a staff, rod, scepter," is used

(a) of Aaron's "rod," Hbr 9:4;

(b) a staff used on a journey, Mat 10:10, RV, "staff" (AV, "staves"); so Luk 9:3; Mar 6:8, "staff;" Hbr 11:21, "staff;"

(c) a ruler's staff, a "scepter," Hbr 1:8 (twice); elsewhere a "rod," Rev 2:27; 12:5; 19:15;

(d) a "rod" for chastisement (figuratively), 1Cr 4:21;

(e) a measuring "rod," Rev 11:1.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4463 Greek: rhabdizo


"to beat with a rod," is used in Act 16:22, RV, "to beat... with rods;" 2Cr 11:25. The "rods" were those of the Roman lictors or "serjeants" (rhabdouchoi, lit., "rod-bearers"); the Roman beating with "rods" is distinct from the Jewish infliction of stripes. In the Sept., Judg., 6:11; Rth 2:17. Cp. Mat 26:67, RV marg.; Jhn 18:22 (AV marg., and RV marg.); 19:3, RV marg.; see SMITE.


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