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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound

Dictionaries :: Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g100 Greek: hadrotes

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

which, in 2Cr 8:20, in reference to the gifts from the church at Corinth for poor saints in Judea, the RV renders "bounty" (AV, "abundance"), is derived from hadros, "thick, fat, full-grown, rich" (in the Sept. it is used chiefly of rich and great men, e.g., Jer 5:5). In regard, therefore, to the offering in 2Cr 8:20 the thought is that of bountiful giving, a fat offering, not mere "abundance".

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4050 Greek: perisseia

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

"an exceeding measure, something above the ordinary," is used four times; Rom 5:17, "of abundance of grace;" 2Cr 8:2, "of abundance of joy;" 2Cr 10:15, of the extension of the Apostle's sphere of service through the practical fellowship of the saints at Corinth; in Jam 1:21 it is rendered, metaphorically, "overflowing," AV "superfluity," with reference to wickedness. Some would render it "residuum," or "what remains." See No. 3.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g4051 Greek: perisseuma

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

denotes "abundance" in a slightly more concrete form, 2Cr 8:13, 14, where it stands for the gifts in kind supplied by the saints. In Mat 12:34; Luk 6:45 it is used of the abundance of the heart; in Mar 8:8, of the broken pieces left after feeding the multitude "that remained over" (AV "that was left").
See REMAIN. In the Sept., Ecc 2:15.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g5236 Greek: huperbole

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

lit., "a throwing beyond" (huper, "over," ballo, "to throw"), donotes "excellence, exceeding greatness," of the power of God in His servants, 2Cr 4:7; of the revelations given to Paul, 2Cr 12:7; with the preposition kata, the phrase signifies "exceeding," Rom 7:13; "still more excellent," 1Cr 12:31; "exceedingly," 2Cr 1:8; "beyond measure," Gal 1:13; and, in a more extended phrase, "more and more exceedingly," 2Cr 4:17.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4052 Greek: perisseuo

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

akin to A, Nos. 2 and 3, is used intransitively

(a) "of exceeding a certain number, or measure, to be over, to remain," of the fragments after feeding the multitude (cp. perisseuma), Luk 9:17; Jhn 6:12,13; "to exist in abundance;" as of wealth, Luk 12:15; 21:4; of food, Luk 15:17. In this sense it is used also of consolation, 2Cr 1:5; of the effect of a gift sent to meet the need of saints, 2Cr 9:12; of rejoicing, Phl 1:26; of what comes or falls to the lot of a person in large measure, as of the grace of God and the gift by the grace of Christ, Rom 5:15; of the sufferings of Christ, 2Cr 1:5. In Mar 12:44; Luk 21:4, the RV has "superfluity."

(b) "to redound to, or to turn out abundantly for something," as of the liberal effects of poverty, 2Cr 8:2; in Rom 3:7, argumentatively, of the effects of the truth of God, as to whether God's truthfulness becomes more conspicuous and His glory is increased through man's untruthfulness; of numerical increase, Act 16:5.

(c) "to be abundantly furnished, to abound in a thing," as of material benefits, Luk 12:15; Phl 4:18 of spirtual gifts; 1Cr 14:12, or "to be pre-eminent, to excel, to be morally better off," as regards partaking of certain meats; 1Cr 8:8, "are we the better;" "to abound" in hope, Rom 15:13; the work of the Lord, 1Cr 15:58; faith and grace, 2Cr 8:7; thanksgiving, Col 2:7; walking so as to please God, Phl 1:9; 1Th 4:1, 10; of righteousness, Mat 5:20; of the Gospel, as the ministration of righteousness, 2Cr 3:9, "exceed."

It is used transitively, in the sense of "to make to abound," e.g., to provide a person richly so that he has "abundance," as of spiritual truth, Mat 13:12; the right use of what God has entrusted to us, 25:29; the power of God in conferring grace, 2Cr 9:8; Eph 1:8; to "make abundant" or to cause to excel, as of the effect of grace in regard to thanksgiving, 2Cr 4:15; His power to make us "to abound" in love, 1Th 3:12.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g5248 Greek: huperperisseuo

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

a strengthened form of No. 1, signifies "to abound exceedingly," Rom 5:20, of the operation of grace; 2Cr 7:4, in the Middle Voice, of the Apostle's joy in the saints.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g4121 Greek: pleonazo

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

from pleion, or pleon, "more" (greater in quantity), akin to pleo, "to fill," signifies,

(a) intransitively, "to superabound," of a trespass or sin, Rom 5:20; of grace, Rom 6:1; 2Cr 4:15; of spiritual fruit, Phl 4:17; of love, 2Th 1:3; of various fruits, 2Pe 1:8; of the gathering of the manna, 2Cr 8:15, "had... over;"

(b) transitively, "to make to increase," 1Th 3:12.

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g5250 Greek: huperpleonazo

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

a strengthened form of No. 3, signifying "to abound exceedingly," is used in 1Ti 1:14, of the grace of God.

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4129 Greek: plethuno

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

a lengthened form of pletho, "to fill," akin to No. 3, and to plethos, "a multitude," signifies "to increase, to multiply," and, in the Passive Voice, "to be multiplied," e.g., of iniquity, Mat 24:12, RV.

Note: Huperballo, akin to A, No. 4, "to exceed, excel," is translated "passeth" in Eph 3:19. See also 2Cr 3:10 (RV, "surpasseth;" AV, "excelleth"); 9:14, "exceeding;" Eph 1:19; 2:7.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g4053 Greek: perissos

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

akin to B, No. 1, "abundant," is translated "advantage" in Rom 3:1, "superfluous" in 2Cr 9:1.

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g4055 Greek: perissoteros

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

the comparative degree of No. 1, is translated as follows: in Mat 11:9, and Luk 7:26, RV, "much more" (AV, "more"); in Mar 12:40, "greater;" in Luk 12:4,48, "more;" in 1Cr 12:23,24, "more abundant;" in 2Cr 2:7, "overmuch;" in 2Cr 10:8, RV, "abundantly;" AV, "more."

D-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g4053 Greek: perissos

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

corresponding to Adjective No. 1 above, is found in Mat 27:23, RV, "exceedingly," AV, "the more;" Mar 10:26, RV, "exceedingly," AV, "out of measure;" Mar 15:14; Act 26:11, "exceedingly."

D-2 Adverb Strong's Number: g4055 Greek: perissoteros

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

the adverbial form of No. 2, above, means "more abundantly;" in Hbr 2:1, lit., "we ought to give heed more abundantly." It is most frequent in 2 Cor. In 2Cr 11:23, see the RV.

D-3 Adverb Strong's Number: g5249 Greek: huperperissos

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

a strengthened form of No. 1, signifies "exceeding abundantly," Mar 7:37.

D-4 Adverb Strong's Number: g5228 g1537 g4053 Greek: huperekperissou

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

a still further strengthened form, is translated "exceeding abundantly" in Eph 3:20; "exceedingly" in 1Th 3:10; 5:13.

Note: Huperballontos, akin to A, No. 4, denotes "above measure," 2Cr 11:23.

D-5 Adverb Strong's Number: g4145 Greek: plousios

Abundance, Abundant, Abundantly, Abound:

connected with ploutos, "riches," is rendered "abundantly," Tts 3:6; 2Pe 1:11; "richly," Col 3:16; 1Ti 6:17. It is used of

(a) the gift of the Holy Spirit;

(b) entrance into the coming kingdom;

(c) the indwelling of the Word of Christ;

(d) material benefits.


(1) Dunamis, "power," is translated "abundance" in the AV of Rev 18:3 (RV and AV marg., "power").

(2) Polus, "much, many," is rendered "abundant" in 1Pe 1:3, AV (marg., "much"), RV, "great."

(3) For the verbs plouteo and ploutizo, see RICH and ENRICH.

(4) For ploutos, "wealth, riches," and plousios, "rich," see RICH.


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