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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive

Dictionaries :: Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g622 Greek: apollumi

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

a strengthened form of ollumi, signifies "to destroy utterly;" in Middle Voice, "to perish." The idea is not extinction but ruin, loss, not of being, but of well-being. This is clear from its use, as, e.g., of the marring of wine skins, Luk 5:37; of lost sheep, i.e., lost to the shepherd, metaphorical of spiritual destitution, Luk 15:4, 6, etc.; the lost son, Luk 15:24; of the perishing of food, Jhn 6:27; of gold, 1Pe 1:7. So of persons, Mat 2:13, "destroy;" Mat 8:25, "perish;" Mat 22:7; 27:20; of the loss of well-being in the case of the unsaved hereafter, Mat 10:28; Luk 13:3, 5; Jhn 3:16 (ver. 15 in some mss.); 10:28; 17:12; Rom 2:12; 1Cr 15:18; 2Cr 2:15, "are perishing;" 2Cr 4:3; 2Th 2:10; Jam 4:12; 2Pe 3:9. Cp. B, II, No. 1.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2673 Greek: katargeo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:


A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2507 Greek: kathaireo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

"to cast down, pull down by force, etc.," is translated "to destroy" in Act 13:19. In Act 19:27, AV, "should be destroyed," the RV suitably has "should be deposed."
See CAST, No. 13, PULL, PUT, TAKE.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3089 Greek: luo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

"to loose, dissolve, sever, break, demolish," is translated "destroy," in 1Jo 3:8, of the works of the Devil.
See BREAK, A, No. 4.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g2647 Greek: kataluo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

kata, "down," intensive, and No. 4, "to destroy utterly, to overthrow completely," is rendered "destroy," in Mat 5:17, twice, of the Law; Mat 24:2; 26:61; 27:40; Mar 13:2; 14:58; 15:29; Luk 21:6, of the Temple; in Act 6:14, of Jerusalem; in Gal 2:18, of the Law as a means of justification; in Rom 14:20 (AV, "destroy," RV, "overthrow"), of the marring of a person's spiritual well-being (in ver. 15 apollumi, No. 1, is used in the same sense); in Act 5:38, 39 (RV, "overthrow") of the failure of purposes; in 2Cr 5:1, of the death of the body ("dissolved").

For its other meaning, "to lodge," see Luk 9:12 and Luk 19:7.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g3645 Greek: olothreuo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

"to destroy," especially in the sense of slaying, is found in Hbr 11:28, where the RV translates the present participle with the article by the noun "destroyer." See B, below. The verb occurs frequently in the Sept., e.g., Exd 12:23; Jos 3:10; 7:25; Jer 2:30; 5:6; 22:7.

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g1842 Greek: exolothreuo

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

ek, "out of" (intensive), and No. 6, "to destroy utterly, to slay wholly," is found in Act 3:23, RV, "utterly destroyed," referring to the "destruction" of one who would refuse to hearken to the voice of God through Christ. This verb is far more abundantly used in the Sept. than No. 6; it occurs 35 times in Deut.; 34 in Josh.; 68 in the Psalms.

A-8 Verb Strong's Number: g5351 Greek: phtheiro

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

See CORRUPT, A, No. 2.

A-9 Verb Strong's Number: g1311 Greek: diaphtheiro

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

See CORRUPT, A, No. 3.

Note: Portheo, "to ruin by laying waste, to make havock of," is translated "destroyed" in Act 9:21, of the attacks upon the church in Jerusalem by Saul of Tarsus; "wasted," in Gal 1:13, with reference to the same; "destroyed" in Gal 1:23, where "the faith" is put by metonymy (one thing being put for another associated with it), for those who held the faith. In each of these places the RV consistently translates by "made havock of."

(I) (Personal: DESTROYER)

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3644 Greek: olothreutes

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

akin to A, No. 6, "a destroyer," is found in 1Cr 10:10.

Note: For the construction in Hbr 11:28, "the destroyer," see A, No. 6. Cp. apolluon, in Rev 9:11, the present participle of apollumi, A, No. 1, used as a proper noun.

(II) (Abstract: DESTRUCTION)

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g684 Greek: apoleia

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

akin to A, No. 1, and likewise indicating "loss of well-being, not of being," is used

(a) of things, signifying their waste, or ruin; of ointment, Mat 26:8; Mar 14:4; of money, Act 8:20 ("perish");

(b) of persons, signifying their spiritual and eternal perdition, Mat 7:13; Jhn 17:12; 2Th 2:3, where "son of perdition" signifies the proper destiny of the person mentioned; metaphorically of men persistent in evil, Rom 9:22, where "fitted" is in the Middle Voice, indicating that the vessels of wrath fitted themselves for "destruction;" of the adversaries of the Lord's people, Phl 1:28 ("perdition"); of professing Christians, really enemies of the Cross of Christ, Phl 3:19 (RV, "perdition"); of those who are subjects of foolish and hurtful lusts, 1Ti 6:9 (for the preceding word "destruction" see No. 3, below); of professing Hebrew adherents who shrink back into unbelief, Hbr 10:39; of false teachers, 2Pe 2:1, 3; of ungodly men, 2Pe 3:7; of those who wrest the Scriptures, 2Pe 3:16; of the Beast, the final head of the revived Roman Empire, Rev 17:8, 11;

(c) of impersonal subjects, as heresies, 2Pe 2:1, where "destructive heresies" (RV; AV, "damnable") is, lit., "heresies of destruction" (marg., "sects of perdition"); in ver. 2 the most authentic mss. have aselgeiais, "lascivious," instead of apoleiais.

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g2506 Greek: kathairesis

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

akin to A, No. 3, "a taking down, a pulling down," is used three times in 2 Cor., "casting down" in the RV in each place; in 2Cr 10:4 (AV, "pulling down"); in 2Cr 10:8; 13:10 (AV, "destruction")

B-4 Noun Strong's Number: g3639 Greek: olethros

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

"ruin, destruction," akin to A, No. 6, always translated "destruction," is used in 1Cr 5:5, of the effect upon the physical condition of an erring believer for the purpose of his spiritual profit; in 1Th 5:3; 2Th 1:9, of the effect of the Divine judgments upon men at the ushering in of the Day of the Lord and the revelation of the Lord Jesus; in 1Ti 6:9, of the consequences of the indulgence of the flesh, referring to physical "ruin" and possibly that of the whole being, the following word apoleia (see No. 1) stressing the final, eternal and irrevocable character of the "ruin."

B-5 Noun Strong's Number: g5356 Greek: phthora

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

akin to A, No. 8, denotes "the destruction that comes with corruption." In 2Pe 2:12 it is used twice; for the AV, "made to be taken and destroyed... shall utterly perish (phtheiro) in their own corruption," the RV has "to be taken and destroyed (lit., 'unto capture and destruction,' phthora)... shall in their destroying (phthora) surely be destroyed," taking the noun in the last clause in the sense of their act of "destroying" others.

B-6 Noun Strong's Number: g4938 Greek: suntrimma

Destroy, Destroyer, Destruction, Destructive:

"a breaking in pieces, shattering" (the corresponding verb is suntribo; see under BREAK, BRUISE), hence, "ruin, destruction," is compounded of sun, "together," and trimma, "a rubbing or wearing away." The latter, and tribo, "to beat," are derived from a root, signifying "to rub, wear away;" hence Eng., "tribulation and trouble." It is used, metaphorically, of "destruction," in Rom 3:16 (from Isa 59:7), which, in a passage setting forth the sinful state of mankind in general, suggest the "wearing" process of the effects of cruelty. The word is frequent in the Sept., especially in Isaiah and Jeremiah.

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