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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So

Dictionaries :: Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g2532 Greek: kai

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

a conjunction, is usually a mere connective, meaning "and;" it frequently, however, has an ascensive or climactic use, signifying "even," the thing that is added being out of the ordinary, and producing a climax. The determination of this meaning depends on the context. Examples are Mat 5:46, 47; Mar 1:27; Luk 6:33 (RV); 10:17; Jhn 12:42; Gal 2:13, 17, where "also" should be "even;" Eph 5:12. Examples where the RV corrects the AV "and" or "also," by substituting "even," are Luk 7:49; Act 17:28; Hbr 11:11; in 1Jo 4:3 the RV rightly omits "even."

When followed by "if" or "though," kai often signifies "even," e.g., Mat 26:35; Jhn 8:14. So sometimes when preceded by "if," e.g., 1Cr 7:11, where "but and if" should be "but even if."

The epexegetic or explanatory use of kai followed by a noun in apposition, and meaning "namely," or "even" is comparatively rare. Winer's cautionary word needs heeding, that "this meaning has been introduced into too many passages" (Gram. of the NT, p. 546.). Some think it has this sense in Jhn 3:5, "water, even the Spirit," and Gal 6:16, "even the Israel of God."

2 Strong's Number: g1161 Greek: de

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

usually signifying "but," is sometimes used for emphasis, signifying "even," e.g., Rom 3:22; 9:30, "even the righteousness;" Phl 2:8 (RV, "yea"). This is to be distinguished from No. 1.

3 Strong's Number: g2089 Greek: eti

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

an adverb, "as yet, still," is rendered "even" in Luk 1:15.

4 Strong's Number: g3739 Greek: hos

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

"as," in comparative sentences, is sometimes translated "even as," Mat 15:28; Mar 4:36; Eph 5:33; 1Pe 3:6 (AV only); Jud 1:7.

5 Strong's Number: g3778 Greek: houtos

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

or houto, "so, thus," is frequently rendered "even so," e.g., Mat 7:17; 12:45; 18:14; 23:28; "so" in 1Cr 11:12; 1Th 2:4, RV.

6 Strong's Number: g2531 Greek: kathos

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

"according as" (kata, "according to," and No. 4), is frequently translated "even as," e.g., Mar 11:6; Luk 1:2; 1Th 5:11.

7 Strong's Number: g3746 Greek: hosper

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

No. 4, strengthened by per, is translated "even as" in Mat 20:28.

8 Strong's Number: g2509 Greek: kathaper

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

"just as, even as," is rendered "even as" in Rom 4:6; 9:13; 10:15; 12:4 (RV); 2Cr 3:18; 1Th 3:6, 12; 4:5; Hbr 4:2; "according as," Rom 11:8; elsewhere simply "as."

9 Strong's Number: g3483 Greek: nai

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

a particle of strong affirmation, "yea, verily, even so," is rendered "even so" in the AV, "yea" in the RV, in Mat 11:26; Luk 10:21; Rev 16:7; both AV and RV have it in Rev 1:7; the most authentic mss. omit it in 22:20.

10 Strong's Number: g3676 Greek: homos

Even (Adverb, Etc.), Even As, Even So:

"yet, nevertheless," is translated "even" in 1Cr 14:7 (AV, "and even"); elsewhere Jhn 12:42, "nevertheless;" Gal 3:15, "yet" (i.e., "nevertheless," an example of hyperbaton, by which a word is placed out of its true position).


(1) In Rom 1:26, there is no word representing "even" in the original. The AV seems to have put it for the particle te, which simply annexes the statement to the preceding and does not require translation.

(2) In 1Th 2:18 the AV renders the particle men by "even;" if translated, it signifies "indeed."

(3) In 1Cr 12:2, hos (see No. 4, above), followed by the particle an, means "howsoever" (RV, for AV, "even as").

(4) In Mat 23:37, "even as" translates the phrase hon tropon, lit., "(in) what manner."

(5) In 1Ti 3:11, hosautos, a strengthened form of No. 4, "likewise, in like manner," is rendered "even so," AV (RV, "in like manner").

(6) K'ago, for kai ego, means either "even I" or "even so I" or "I also." In Jhn 10:15, the RV has "and I" for the AV, "even so... I;" in Jhn 17:18; 20:21, AV and RV, "even so I;" in the following, kago is preceded by hos, or kathos, "even as I," 1Cr 7:8; 10:33; "even as I also," 1Cr 11:1; "as I also," Rev 2:27.

(7) In Luk 12:7 the RV renders kai by "very" (for AV, "even the very").

(8) In Jhn 6:57 kakeinos (for kai ekeinos, "also he"), is translated "he also," RV, for AV, "even he."

(9) In Eph 1:10 there is no word in the original for "even." The RV expresses the stress on the pronoun by "in Him, I say."


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