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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Appear, Appearing

Dictionaries :: Appear, Appearing

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5316 Greek: phaino

Appear, Appearing:

signifies, in the Active Voice, "to shine;" in the Passive, "to be brought forth into light, to become evident, to appear." In Rom 7:13, concerning sin, the RV has "might be shewn to be," for AV, "appear."

It is used of the "appearance" of Christ to the disciples, Mar 16:9; of His future "appearing" in glory as the Son of Man, spoken of as a sign to the world, Mat 24:30; there the genitive is subjective, the sign being the "appearing" of Christ Himself; of Christ as the light, Jhn 1:5; of John the Baptist, 5:35; of the "appearing" of an angel of the Lord, either visibly, Mat 1:20, or in a dream, Mat 2:13; of a star, Mat 2:7; of men who make an outward show, Mat 6:5; 6:18 (see the RV); Mat 23:27-28; 2Cr 13:7; of tares, Mat 13:26; of a vapor, Jam 4:14; of things physical in general, Hbr 11:3; used impersonally in Mat 9:33, "it was never so seen;" also of what appears to the mind, and so in the sense of to think, Mar 14:64, or to seem, Luk 24:11 (RV, "appeared").

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2014 Greek: epiphaino

Appear, Appearing:

a strengthened form of No. 1 but differing in meaning, epi signifying "upon," is used in the Active Voice with the meaning "to give light," Luk 1:79; in the Passive Voice, "to appear, become visible." It is said of heavenly bodies, e.g., the stars, Act 27:20 (RV, "shone"); metaphorically, of things spiritual, the grace of God, Tts 2:11; the kindness and the love of God, Tts 3:4.
See LIGHT. Cp. epiphaneia, B, No. 2(below).

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g398 Greek: anaphaino

Appear, Appearing:

ana, "forth, or up," perhaps originally a nautical term, "to come up into view," hence, in general, "to appear suddenly," is used in the Passive Voice, in Luk 19:11, of the Kingdom of God; Active Voice, in Act 21:3, "to come in sight of," RV; "having sighted" would be a suitable rendering (AV, "having discovered").

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g5319 Greek: phaneroo

Appear, Appearing:

akin to No. 1, signifies, in the Active Voice, "to manifest;" in the Passive Voice, "to be manifested;" so, regularly, in the RV, instead of "to appear." See 2Cr 7:12; Col 3:4; Hbr 9:26; 1Pe 5:4; 1Jo 2:28; 3:2; Rev 3:18. To be manifested, in the Scriptural sense of the word, is more than to "appear." A person may "appear" in a false guise or without a disclosure of what he truly is; to be manifested is to be revealed in one's true character; this is especially the meaning of phaneroo, see, e.g., Jhn 3:21; 1Cr 4:5; 2Cr 5:10, 11; Eph 5:13.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g1718 Greek: emphanizo

Appear, Appearing:

from en, "in," intensive, and phaino, "to shine," is used, either of "physical manifestation," Mat 27:53; Hbr 9:24; cp. Jhn 14:22, or, metaphorically, of "the manifestation of Christ" by the Holy Spirit in the spiritual experience of believers who abide in His love, Jhn 14:21. It has another, secondary meaning, "to make known, signify, inform." This is confined to the Acts, where it is used five times, Act 23:15, 22; 24:1; 25:2, 15. There is perhaps a combination of the two meanings in Hbr 11:14, i.e., to declare by oral testimony and to "manifest" by the witness of the life.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g3700 Greek: optomai

Appear, Appearing:

"to see" (from ops, "the eye;" cp. Eng. "optical," etc.), in the Passive sense, "to be seen, to appear," is used

(a) objectively, with reference to the person or thing seen, e.g., 1Cr 15:5-8, RV "appeared," for AV, "was seen;"

(b) subjectively, with reference to an inward impression or a spiritual experience, Jhn 3:36, or a mental occupation, Act 18:15, "look to it;" cp. Mat 27:4, 24, "see (thou) to it," "see (ye) to it," throwing responsibility on others. Optomai is to be found in dictionaries under the word horao, "to see;" it supplies some forms that are lacking in that verb.

These last three words, emphanizo, phaneroo and optomai are used with reference to the "appearances" of Christ in the closing verses of Heb. 9; emphanizo in Hbr 9:24, of His presence before the face of God for us; phaneroo in Hbr 9:26, of His past manifestation for "the sacrifice of Himself;" optomai in Hbr 9:28, of His future "appearance" for His saints.

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g3700 Greek: optano

Appear, Appearing:

in the Middle Voice signifies "to allow oneself to be seen." It is rendered "appearing" in Act 1:3, RV, for AV, "being seen," of the Lord's "appearances" after His resurrection; the Middle Voice expresses the personal interest the Lord took in this.

Note: In Act 22:30 sunerchomai (in its aorist form), "to come together," is translated "appear," AV; RV, "come together."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g602 Greek: apokalupsis

Appear, Appearing:

lit., "an uncovering, unveiling" (apo, "from," kalupto, "to hide, cover"), denotes "a revelation, or appearing" (Eng., apocalypse). It is translated "the appearing" in 1Pe 1:7, AV (RV, "revelation").

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2015 Greek: epiphaneia

Appear, Appearing:

Eng., "epiphany," lit., "a shining forth," was used of the "appearance" of a god to men, and of an enemy to an army in the field, etc. In the NT it occurs of

(a) the advent of the Savior when the Word became flesh, 2Ti 1:10;

(b) the coming of the Lord Jesus into the air to the meeting with His saints, 1Ti 6:14; 2Ti 4:1, 8;

(c) the shining forth of the glory of the Lord Jesus "as the lightning cometh forth from the east, and is seen even unto the west," Mat 24:27, immediately consequent on the unveiling, apokalupsis, of His Parousia in the air with His saints, 2Th 2:8; Tts 2:13.*
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 263.]


(1) Phanerosis, akin to A, No. 4, "a manifestation," is used in 1Cr 12:7 and 2Cr 4:2.

(2) For phaneros, wrongly translated "may appear," in 1Ti 4:15, AV (RV, "may be manifest," not mere appearance), see MANIFEST.

(3) Emphanes, akin to A, No. 5, "manifest," is used in Act 10:40 and Rom 10:20.

(4) For adelos, "which appear not," Luk 11:44, see UNCERTAIN.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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