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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Ashamed (To Be), Shame

Dictionaries :: Ashamed (To Be), Shame

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g153 Greek: aischuno

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

from aischos, "shame," always used in the Passive Voice, signifies

(a) "to have a feeling of fear or shame which prevents a person from doing a thing," e.g., Luk 16:3;

(b) "the feeling of shame arising from something that has been done," e.g., 2Cr 10:8; Phl 1:20; 1Jo 2:28, of the possibility of being "ashamed" before the Lord Jesus at His Judgment seat in His Parousia with His saints; in 1Pe 4:16, of being ashamed of suffering as a Christian.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1870 Greek: epaischunomai

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

a strengthened form of No. 1 (epi, "upon," intensive), is used only in the sense (b) in the preceding paragraph. It is said of being "ashamed" of persons, Mar 8:38; Luk 9:26; the Gospel, Rom 1:16; former evil doing, Rom 6:21; "the testimony of our Lord," 2Ti 1:8; suffering for the Gospel, 2Ti 1:12; rendering assistance and comfort to one who is suffering for the Gospel's sake, 2Ti 1:16. It is used in Heb., of Christ in calling those who are sanctified His brethren, Hbr 2:11, and of God in His not being "ashamed" to be called the God of believers, Hbr 11:16. In the Sept., in Job 34:19; Psa 119:6; Isa 1:29.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2617 Greek: kataischuno

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

another strengthened form (kata, "down," intensive), is used

(a) in the Active Voice, "to put to shame," e.g., Rom 5:5; 1Cr 1:27 (AV, "confound"); 1Cr 11:4, 5 ("dishonoreth"), and 1Cr 11:22;

(b) in the Passive Voice, Rom 9:33; 10:11; 2Cr 7:14; 1Pe 2:6; 3:16.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g1788 Greek: entrepo

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

"to put to shame," in the Passive Voice, to be ashamed, lit. means "to turn in" (en, "in," trepo, "to turn"), that is, to turn one upon himself and so produce a feeling of "shame," a wholesome "shame" which involves a change of conduct, 1Cr 4:14; 2Th 3:14; Tts 2:8, the only places where it has this meaning. See also REGARD, REVERENCE.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g152 Greek: aischune

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

"shame," akin to A, No. 1, signifies

(a) subjectively, the confusion of one who is "ashamed" of anything, a sense of "shame," Luk 14:9; those things which "shame" conceals, 2Cr 4:2;

(b) objectively, ignominy, that which is visited on a person by the wicked, Hbr 12:2; that which should arise from guilt, Phl 3:19;

(c) concretely, a thing to be "ashamed" of, Rev 3:18; Jud 1:13, where the word is in the plural, lit., "basenesses," "disgraces."

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1791 Greek: entrope

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

akin to A, No. 4, lit., "a turning in upon oneself," producing a recoil from what is unseemly or vile, is used in 1Cr 6:5; 15:34. It is associated with aischune in the Psalms, in the Sept., e.g., Psa 35:26, where it follows aischune, "let them be clothed with shame (aischune) and confusion (entrope);" Psa 44:15, "all the day my shame is before me and the confusion of my face has covered me;" Psa 69:19, "Thou knowest my reproach and my shame and my confusion;" so in Psa 71:13. In Psa 109:29 the words are in the opposite order.

Note: Aidos, used in 1Ti 2:9, denotes "modesty, shamefastness" (the right spelling for the AV, "shamefacedness"). In comparison with aischune, aidos is "the nobler word, and implies the nobler motive: in it is involved an innate moral repugnance to the doing of the dishonorable act, which moral repugnance scarcely or not at all exists in aischune" (Trench, Syn, xix).

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g150 Greek: aischros

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

"base" (akin to No. 1), is used in 1Cr 11:6; 14:35; Eph 5:12.
See FILTHY, B, No. 1. Cp. FILTHINESS, aischrotes, Eph 5:4.

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g422 Greek: anepaischuntos

Ashamed (To Be), Shame:

an intensive adjective (a, negative, n euphonic, epi, "upon," intensive, aischune, "shame"), "not ashamed, having no cause for shame," is used in 2Ti 2:15.


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