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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Before, Beforetime

Dictionaries :: Before, Beforetime

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g4412 Greek: proton

Before, Beforetime:

the neuter of the adjective protos (the superlative degree of pro, "before"), signifies "first, or at the first,"

(a) in order of time, e.g., Luk 10:5; Jhn 18:13; 1Cr 15:46; 1Th 4:16; 1Ti 3:10;

(b) in enumerating various particulars, e.g., Rom 3:2; 1Cr 11:18; 12:28; Hbr 7:2; Jam 3:17. It is translated "before" in Jhn 15:18.

A-2 Adverb Strong's Number: g4386 Greek: proteron

Before, Beforetime:

the neuter of proteros, the comparative degree of pro, is always used of time, and signifies "aforetime, before," e.g., Jhn 6:62; 9:8; 2Cr 1:15; Hbr 7:27; in Gal 4:13, "the first time" (RV), lit., "the former time," i.e., the former of two previous visits; in Hbr 10:32 it is placed between the article and the noun, "the former days;" so in 1Pe 1:14, "the former lusts," i.e., the lusts formerly indulged.

A-3 Adverb Strong's Number: g4250 Greek: prin

Before, Beforetime:

"before, formerly" (etymologically akin to pro, "before"), has the force of a conjunction, e.g., Mat 1:18; 26:34, 75; Jhn 14:29; Act 7:2.

A-4 Adverb Strong's Number: g1715 Greek: emprosthen

Before, Beforetime:

is used of place or position only; adverbially, signifying "in front," Luk 19:28; Phl 3:13; Rev 4:6; as a preposition, e.g., Mat 5:24; Jhn 10:4; with the meaning "in the sight of a person," e.g., Mat 5:16; 6:1; 17:2; Luk 19:27; Jhn 12:37; 1Th 2:19, RV, "before;" AV, "in the presence of;" Rev 19:10, RV, "before," especially in phrases signifying in the sight of God, as God wills, Mat 11:26; 18:14 (lit., "a thing willed before your Father," RV, marg.); Luk 10:21; in the sense of "priority of rank or position or dignity," Jhn 1:15, 30 (in some texts, Jhn 1:27); in an antagonistic sense, "against," Mat 23:13 (RV, marg., "before").

A-5 Adverb Strong's Number: g1726 Greek: enantion

Before, Beforetime:

from en, "in," and anti, "over against," the neuter of the adjective enantios, and virtually an adverb, is also used as a preposition signifying "in the presence of, in the sight of," Luk 20:26; Act 7:10; 8:32; "in the judgment of," Luk 24:19.

A-6 Adverb Strong's Number: g1725 Greek: enanti

Before, Beforetime:

an adverb, used as a preposition, has meanings like those of No. 5, "before," Luk 1:8; "in the judgment of," Act 8:21. Some texts have the word in Act 7:10.

A-7 Adverb Strong's Number: g561 Greek: apenanti

Before, Beforetime:

apo, "from," with No. 6, denotes

(a) "opposite," Mat 27:61;

(b) "in the sight of, before," Mat 27:24; Act 3:16; Rom 3:18;

(c) "against," Act 17:7.

A-8 Adverb Strong's Number: g2713 Greek: katenanti

Before, Beforetime:

kata, "down," with No. 6, lit., "down over against," is used

(a) of locality, e.g., Mar 11:2; 13:3; Luk 19:30;

(b) as "in the sight of," Rom 4:17; in most mss. in 2Cr 2:17; 12:19.

A-9 Adverb Strong's Number: g1799 Greek: enopion

Before, Beforetime:

from en, "in," and ops, "the eye," is the neuter of the adjective enopios, and is used prepositionally,

(a) of place, that which is before or opposite a person, "towards which he turns his eyes," e.g., Luk 1:19; Act 4:10; 6:6; Rev 1:4; 4:10; 7:15;

(b) in metaphorical phrases after verbs of motion, Luk 1:17; 12:9; Act 9:15, etc.; signifying "in the mind or soul of persons," Luk 12:6; Act 10:31; Rev 16:19;

(c) "in one's sight or hearing," Luk 24:43; Jhn 20:30; 1Ti 6:12; metaphorically, Rom 14:22; especially in Gal 1:20; 1Ti 5:21; 6:13; 2Ti 2:14; 4:1; before, as "having a person present to the mind," Act 2:25; Jam 4:10; "in the judgment of a person," Luk 16:15; 24:11, RV, "in their sight," for AV, "to;" Act 4:19; Rom 3:20; 12:17; 2Cr 8:21; 1Ti 2:3; "in the approving sight of God," Luk 1:75; Act 7:46; 10:33; 2Cr 4:2; 7:12.
See PRESENCE, SIGHT OF (in the).

A-10 Adverb Strong's Number: g2714 Greek: katenopion

Before, Beforetime:

kata, "against," with No. 9, signifies "right over against, opposite;"

(a) of place, Jud 1:24;

(b) before God as Judge, Eph 1:4; Col 1:22. See No. 8 (b).

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g4391 Greek: prouparcho

Before, Beforetime:

"to exist before, or be beforehand," is found in Luk 23:12; Act 8:9, "beforetime." In the Sept., Job 42:18.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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