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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying

Dictionaries :: Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2906 Greek: krauge

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

an onomatopoeic word, is used in Mat 25:6; Luk 1:42 (some mss. have phone); Act 23:9, RV, "clamor;" Eph 4:31, "clamor;" Hbr 5:7; Rev 21:4, "crying." Some mss. have it in Rev 14:18 (the most authentic have phone).

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g995 Greek: boe

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

especially "a cry for help," an onomatopoeic word (cp. Eng., "boo"), connected with boao (see B, No. 1), is found in Jam 5:4.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g994 Greek: boao

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

akin to A, No. 2, signifies

(a) "to raise a cry," whether of joy, Gal 4:27, or vexation, Act 8:7;

(b) "to speak with a strong voice," Mat 3:3; Mar 1:3; 15:34; Luk 3:4; 9:38 (some mss. have anaboao here: see No. 2); Jhn 1:23; Act 17:6; 25:24 (some mss. have epiboao, No. 3, here);

(c) "to cry out for help," Luk 18:7, 38. For Act 21:34, see No. 8.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g310 Greek: anaboao

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

ana, "up," intensive, and No. 1, "to lift up the voice, cry out," is said of Christ at the moment of His Death, a testimony to His supernatural power in giving up His life, Mat 27:46; in some mss. in Mar 15:8, of the shouting of a multitude; in some mss. in Luk 9:38, of the "crying" out of a man in a company (see No. 1).

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g1916 Greek: epiboao

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

epi, "upon," intensive, and No. 1, "to cry out, exclaim vehemently," is used in some mss. in Act 25:24 (see No. 1.)

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2896 Greek: krazo

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

akin to A, No. 1, "to cry out," an onomatopoeic word, used especially of the "cry" of the raven; then, of any inarticulate cries, from fear, pain etc; of the "cry" of a Canaanitish woman, Mat 15:22 (so the best mss., instead of kraugazo); of the shouts of the children in the Temple, Mat 21:15; of the people who shouted for Christ to be crucified, Mat 27:23; Mar 15:13, 14; of the "cry" of Christ on the Cross at the close of His sufferings, Mat 27:50; Mar 15:39 (see No. 2, above).

In John's Gospel it is used three times, out of the six, of Christ's utterances, 7:28, 37; 12:44. In the Acts it is not used of "cries" of distress, but chiefly of the shouts of opponents; in the Apocalypse, chiefly of the utterances of heavenly beings concerning earthly matters; in Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6, of the appeal of believers to God the Father; in Rom 9:27, of a prophecy concerning Israel; in Jam 5:4, metaphorically, of hire kept back by fraud.

Note: A recent translator renders this verb in Mat 27:50 "uttered a scream," an utterly deplorable mistranslation and a misrepresentation of the nature of the Lord's "cry."

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g349 Greek: anakrazo

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

ana, "up," intensive, and No. 4, signifies "to cry out loudly," Mar 1:23; 6:49; Luk 4:33; 8:28; 23:18.

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g2905 Greek: kraugazo

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

a stronger form of No. 4, "to make a clamor or outcry" (A, No. 1), is used in Mat 12:19, in a prophecy from Isaiah of Christ; in Luk 4:41 (in the best mss., instead of krazo); Jhn 11:43; 12:13 (in the best mss.); 18:40; 19:6, 12, 15; Act 22:23.

B-7 Verb Strong's Number: g5455 Greek: phoneo

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

"to utter a loud sound or cry," whether of animals, e.g., Mat 26:34; or persons, Luk 8:8; 16:24; this is the word which Luke uses to describe the "cry" of the Lord at the close of His sufferings on the Cross, Luk 23:46 (see under anaboao and krazo, above); also, e.g., Act 16:28; Rev 14:18.
See CALL, A, No. 8, CROW.

B-8 Verb Strong's Number: g2019 Greek: epiphoneo

Cry (Noun and Verb), Crying:

No. 7, with epi, "upon," or "against," signifies "to shout," either against, Luk 23:21; Act 21:34 (in the best mss., No. 1); 22:24, or in acclamation, Act 12:22. See SHOUT.

Note: For aphiemi, Mar 15:37, see UTTER.

Comparing the various verbs, kaleo, denotes "to call out for any purpose," boao, "to cry out as an expression of feeling," krazo, "to cry out loudly." Kaleo suggests intelligence, boao, sensibilities, krazo, instincts.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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