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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Excel, Excellency, Excellent

Dictionaries :: Excel, Excellency, Excellent

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5235 Greek: huperballo

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

lit., "to throw over:" see EXCEED, No. 1.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4052 Greek: perisseuo

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

"to be over and above," is rendered "abound" in 1Cr 14:12, RV, for AV, "excel."
See ABUNDANCE, B, No. 1, and EXCEED, A, No. 2.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g5242 Greek: huperecho

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

lit., "to have over" (huper, "over," echo, "to have"), is translated "excellency" in Phl 3:8, "the surpassingness" (Moule); the phrase could be translated "the surpassing thing, which consists in the knowledge of Christ Jesus," and this is the probable meaning. This verb is used three times in Philippians, here and in Phl 2:3; 4:7. See also Rom 13:1; 1Pe 2:13.
See BETTER, No. 4.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g1308 Greek: diaphero

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

"to differ," is used in the neuter plural of the present participle with the article, in Phl 1:10, "the things that are excellent" (marg., "the things that differ"), lit., "the excellent things."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5236 Greek: huperbole

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

lit., "a throwing beyond," hence, "a surpassing, an excellence," is translated "excellency" in 2Cr 4:7, AV; RV, "exceeding greatness." It always betokens pre-eminence. It is used with kata, "according to," in the phrase kath' huperbolen, signifying "beyond measure, exceedingly," Rom 7:13, "exceeding sinful;" in 2Cr 1:8, RV, "exceedingly," for AV, "out of measure;" in Gal 1:13, "beyond measure;" in 1Cr 12:31, "more excellent." In 2Cr 4:17, there is an expanded phrase kath' huperbolen eis huperbolen, lit., "according to a surpassing unto a surpassing," RV, "more and more exceedingly," which corrects the AV, "a far more exceedingly;" the phrase refers to "worketh," showing the surpassing degree of its operation, and not to the noun "weight" (nor does it qualify, "eternal"). In 2Cr 12:7, the RV has "exceeding greatness," the AV, "abundance."

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5247 Greek: huperoche

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

akin to A, No. 3, strictly speaking, "the act of overhanging" (huper, and echo, "to hold") or "the thing which overhangs," hence, "superiority, pre-eminence," is translated "excellency (of speech)" in 1Cr 2:1; elsewhere, in 1Ti 2:2, RV, "high place," for AV, "authority."

Note: In 1Pe 2:9 RV renders arete (virtue) "excellencies."

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g3169 Greek: megaloprepes

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

signifies "magnificent, majestic, that which is becoming to a great man" (from megas, "great," and prepo, "to be fitting or becoming"), in 2Pe 1:17, "excellent."

C-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g1313 Greek: diaphoroteros

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

comparative degree of diaphoros, "excellent," akin to A, No. 4, is used twice, in Hbr 1:4, "more excellent (name)," and Hbr 8:6, "more excellent (ministry)." For the positive degree see Rom 12:6; Hbr 9:10. See under DIFFER.

C-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g4119 Greek: pleion

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

"more, greater," the comparative degree of polus, "much," is translated "more excellent" in Hbr 11:4, of Abel's sacrifice; pleion is used sometimes of that which is superior by reason of inward worth, cp. Hbr 3:3, "more (honor);" in Mat 6:25, of the life in comparison with meat.

C-4 Adjective Strong's Number: g2903 Greek: kratistos

Excel, Excellency, Excellent:

"mightiest, noblest, best," the superlative degree of kratus, "strong" (cp. kratos, "strength"), is used as a title of honor and respect, "most excellent," Luk 1:3 (Theophilus was quite possibly a man of high rank); Act 23:26; 24:3; 26:25, RV, for AV, "most noble."

Note: The phrase kath' huperbolen (for which see B, No. 1) is translated "more excellent" in 1Cr 12:31.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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