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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten

Dictionaries :: Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5457 Greek: phos

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

akin to phao, "to give light" (from roots pha--, and phan--, expressing "light as seen by the eye," and, metaphorically, as "reaching the mind," whence phaino, "to make to appear," phaneros, "evident," etc.); cp. Eng., "phosphorus" (lit., "light-bearing"). "Primarily light is a luminous emanation, probably of force, from certain bodies, which enables the eye to discern form and color. Light requires an organ adapted for its reception (Mat 6:22). Where the eye is absent, or where it has become impaired from any cause, light is useless. Man, naturally, is incapable of receiving spiritual light inasmuch as he lacks the capacity for spiritual things, 1Cr 2:14. Hence believers are called 'sons of light,' Luk 16:8, not merely because they have received a revelation from God, but because in the New Birth they have received the spiritual capacity for it.

"Apart from natural phenomena, light is used in Scripture of

(a) the glory of God's dwelling-place, 1Ti 6:16;

(b) the nature of God, 1Jo 1:5;

(c) the impartiality of God, Jam 1:17;

(d) the favor of God, Psa 4:6; of the King, Pro 16:15; of an influential man, Job 29:24;

(e) God, as the illuminator of His people, Isa 60:19, 20;

(f) the Lord Jesus as the illuminator of men, Jhn 1:4, 5, 9; 3:19; 8:12; 9:5; 12:35, 36, 46; Act 13:47;

(g) the illuminating power of the Scriptures, Psa 119:105; and of the judgments and commandments of God, Isa 51:4; Pro 6:23, cp. Psa 43:3;

(h) the guidance of God, Job 29:3; Psa 112:4; Isa 58:10; and, ironically, of the guidance of man, Rom 2:19;

(i) salvation, 1Pe 2:9;

(j) righteousness, Rom 13:12; 2Cr 11:14, 15; 1Jo 2:9, 10;

(k) witness for God, Mat 5:14, 16; Jhn 5:35;

(l) prosperity and general well-being, Est 8:16; Job 18:18; Isa 58:8-10." *
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 159, 160.]

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5458 Greek: phoster

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

denotes "a luminary, light," or "light-giver;" it is used figuratively of believers, as shining in the spiritual darkness of the world, Phl 2:15; in Rev 21:11 it is used of Christ as the "Light" reflected in and shining through the heavenly city (cp. Rev 21:23). In the Sept., Gen 1:14, 16.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g5462 Greek: photismos

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"an illumination, light," is used metaphorically in 2Cr 4:4, of the "light" of the Gospel, and in 2Cr 4:6, of the knowledge of the glory of God. In the Sept., Job 3:9; Psa 27:1; 44:3; 78:14; 90:8; 139:11.

A-4 Noun Strong's Number: g5338 Greek: phengos

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"brightness, luster," is used of the "light" of the moon, Mat 24:29; Mar 13:24; of a lamp, Luk 11:33 (some mss. have phos, here).

A-5 Noun Strong's Number: g3088 Greek: luchnos

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"a hand-lamp:" see LAMP.

A-6 Noun Strong's Number: g2985 Greek: lampas

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"a torch:" see LAMP.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5461 Greek: photizo

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

used

(a) intrasitively, signifies "to shine, give light," Rev 22:5;

(b) transitively,

(1) "to illumine, to light, enlighten, to be lightened," Luk 11:36; Rev 21:23; in the Passive Voice, Rev 18:1; metaphorically, of spiritual enlightenment, Jhn 1:9; Eph 1:18; 3:9, "to make... see;" Hbr 6:4; 10:32, "ye were enlightened," RV (AV, "... illuminated");

(2) "to bring to light," 1Cr 4:5 (of God's act in the future); 2Ti 1:10 (of God's act in the past).
See ENLIGHTEN, ILLUMINATE.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2017 Greek: epiphausko

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

or possibly epiphauo, "to shine forth," is rendered "shall give... light," in Eph 5:14, AV (RV, "shall shine upon"), of the glory of Christ, illumining the believer who fulfills the conditions, so that being guided by His "light" he reflects His character.
See SHINE. Cp. epiphosko, "to dawn" (really a variant form of epiphausko).

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2989 Greek: lampo

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"to give the light of a torch," is rendered "giveth light" in Mat 5:15, AV (RV, "shineth").
See SHINE.

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g2014 Greek: epiphaino

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

transitively, "to show forth" (epi, "upon," phaino, "to cause to shine"), is used intransitively and metaphorically in Luk 1:79, and rendered "to give light," AV (RV, "to shine upon").
See APPEAR, SHINE.

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g681 Greek: hapto

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"to kindle a fire" and so give "light:" see KINDLE, No. 1, Note.

B-6 Verb Strong's Number: g2545 Greek: kaio

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"to burn," is translated "do (men) light" in Mat 5:15.
See BURN.

B-7 Verb Strong's Number: g797 Greek: astrapto

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

"to flash forth, lighten as lightning" (akin to astrape, "lightning"), occurs in Luk 17:24; 24:4 (AV "shining;" RV, "dazzling").
See DAZZLING.

Note: In Luk 2:32, AV, the noun apokalupsis, "an unveiling, revelation," preceded by eis, "unto, with a view to," is rendered "to lighten" (RV, "for revelation;" marg., "(the) unveiling").
See REVELATION.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g5460 Greek: photeinos

Light, Noun, and Verb (Bring To, Give), Lighten:

from phos (A, No. 1), "bright," is rendered "full of light" in Mat 6:22; Luk 11:34, 36 (twice), figuratively, of the single-mindedness of the eye, which acts as the lamp of the body; in Mat 17:5, "bright," of a cloud.
See BRIGHT.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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