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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Lord, Lordship

Dictionaries :: Lord, Lordship

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2962 Greek: kurios

Lord, Lordship:

properly an adjective, signifying "having power" (kuros) or "authority," is used as a noun, variously translated in the NT, "'Lord,' 'master,' 'Master,' 'owner,' 'Sir,' a title of wide significance, occurring in each book of the NT save Titus and the Epistles of John. It is used

(a) of an owner, as in Luk 19:33, cp. Mat 20:8; Act 16:16; Gal 4:1; or of one who has the disposal of anything, as the Sabbath, Mat 12:8;

(b) of a master, i.e., one to whom service is due on any ground, Mat 6:24; 24:50; Eph 6:5;

(c) of an Emperor or King, Act 25:26; Rev 17:14;

(d) of idols, ironically, 1Cr 8:5, cp. Isa 26:13;

(e) as a title of respect addressed to a father, Mat 21:30, a husband, 1Pe 3:6, a master, Mat 13:27; Luk 13:8, a ruler, Mat 27:63, an angel, Act 10:4; Rev 7:14;

(f) as a title of courtesy addressed to a stranger, Jhn 12:21; 20:15; Act 16:30; from the outset of His ministry this was a common form of address to the Lord Jesus, alike by the people, Mat 8:2; Jhn 4:11, and by His disciples, Mat 8:25; Luk 5:8; Jhn 6:68;

(g) kurios is the Sept. and NT representative of Heb. Jehovah ('Lord' in Eng. versions), see Mat 4:7; Jam 5:11, e.g., of adon, Lord, Mat 22:44, and of Adonay, Lord, Mat 1:22; it also occurs for Elohim, God, 1Pe 1:25.

"Thus the usage of the word in the NT follows two main lines: one-- a-f, customary and general, the other, g, peculiar to the Jews, and drawn from the Greek translation of the OT.

"Christ Himself assumed the title, Mat 7:21, 22; 9:38; 22:41-45; Mar 5:19 (cp. Psa 66:16; the parallel passage, Luk 8:39, has 'God'); Luk 19:31; Jhn 13:13, apparently intending it in the higher senses of its current use, and at the same time suggesting its OT associations.

"His purpose did not become clear to the disciples until after His resurrection, and the revelation of His Deity consequent thereon. Thomas, when he realized the significance of the presence of a mortal wound in the body of a living man, immediately joined with it the absolute title of Deity, saying, 'My Lord and my God,' Jhn 20:28. Thereafter, except in Act 10:4; Rev 7:14, there is no record that kurios was ever again used by believers in addressing any save God and the Lord Jesus; cp. Act 2:47 with Act 4:29, 30.

"How soon and how completely the lower meaning had been superseded is seen in Peter's declaration in his first sermon after the resurrection, 'God hath made Him, Lord,' Act 2:36, and that in the house of Cornelius, 'He is Lord of all,' Act 10:36; cp. Deu 10:14; Mat 11:25; Act 17:24. In his writings the implications of his early teaching are confirmed and developed. Thus Psa 34:8, 'O taste and see that Jehovah is good,' is applied to the Lord Jesus, 1Pe 2:3, and 'Jehovah of Hosts, Him shall ye sanctify,' Isa 8:13, becomes 'sanctify in your hearts Christ as Lord,' 1Pe 3:15.

"So also James who uses kurios alike of God, Jam 1:7 (cp. Jam 1:5); 3:9; 4:15; 5:4, 10, 11, and of the Lord Jesus, Jam 1:1 (where the possibility that kai is intended epexegetically, i.e. = even, cp. 1Th 3:11, should not be overlooked); Jam 2:1 (lit., 'our Lord Jesus Christ of glory,' cp. Psa 24:7; 29:3; Act 7:2; 1Cr 2:8); 5:7, 8, while the language of Jam 4:10; 5:15, is equally applicable to either.

"Jude, Jud 1:4, speaks of 'our only -- Lord, Jesus Christ,' and immediately, Jud 1:5, uses 'Lord' of God (see the remarkable marg. here), as he does later, Jud 1:9, 14.

"Paul ordinarily uses kurios of the Lord Jesus, 1Cr 1:3, e.g., but also on occasion, of God, in quotations from the OT, 1Cr 3:20, e.g., and in his own words, 1Cr 3:5, cp. 1Cr 3:10. It is equally appropriate to either in 1Cr 7:25; 2Cr 3:16; 8:21; 1Th 4:6, and if 1Cr 11:32 is to be interpreted by 1Cr 10:21, 22, the Lord Jesus is intended, but if by Hbr 12:5-9, then kurios here also = God. 1Ti 6:15, 16 is probably to be understood of the Lord Jesus, cp. Rev 17:14.

"Though John does not use 'Lord' in his Epistles, and though, like the other Evangelists, he ordinarily uses the personal Name in his narrative, yet he occasionally speaks of Him as 'the Lord,' Jhn 4:1; 6:23; 11:2; 20:20; 21:12.

"The full significance of this association of Jesus with God under the one appellation, 'Lord,' is seen when it is remembered that these men belonged to the only monotheistic race in the world. To associate with the Creator one known to be a creature, however exalted, though possible to Pagan philosophers, was quite impossible to a Jew.

"It is not recorded that in the days of His flesh any of His disciples either addressed the Lord, or spoke of Him, by His personal Name. Where Paul has occasion to refer to the facts of the Gospel history he speaks of what the Lord Jesus said, Act 20:35, and did, 1Cr 11:23, and suffered, 1Th 2:15; 5:9, 10. It is our Lord Jesus who is coming, 1Th 2:19, etc. In prayer also the title is given, 1Th 3:11; Eph 1:3; the sinner is invited to believe on the Lord Jesus, Act 16:31; 20:21, and the saint to look to the Lord Jesus for deliverance, Rom 7:24, 25, and in the few exceptional cases in which the personal Name stands alone a reason is always discernible in the immediate context.

"The title 'Lord,' as given to the Savior, in its full significance rests upon the resurrection, Act 2:36; Rom 10:9; 14:9, and is realized only in the Holy Spirit, 1Cr 12:3." *
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 25.]

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1203 Greek: despotes

Lord, Lordship:

"a master, lord, one who possesses supreme authority," is used in personal address to God in Luk 2:29; Act 4:24; Rev 6:10; with reference to Christ, 2Pe 2:1; Jud 1:4; elsewhere it is translated "master," "masters," 1Ti 6:1, 2; 2Ti 2:21 (of Christ); Tts 2:9; 1Pe 2:18.

Note: For rabboni, rendered "Lord" in the AV of Mar 10:51, see RABBONI.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g3175 Greek: megistan

Lord, Lordship:

akin to megistos, "greatest," the superlative degree of megas, "great," denotes "chief men, nobles;" it is rendered "lords" in Mar 6:21, of nobles in Herod's entourage; "princes" in Rev 6:15; 18:23, RV (AV, "great men").

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2961 Greek: kurieuo

Lord, Lordship:

denotes "to be lord of, to exercise lordship over," Luk 22:25; Rom 6:9, 14; 7:1; 14:9; 2Cr 1:24; 1Ti 6:15; see DOMINION, B, No. 1.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2634 Greek: katakurieuo

Lord, Lordship:

a strengthened form of No. 1, is rendered "lording it" in 1Pe 5:3, RV: see DOMINION, B, No. 2.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g2960 Greek: kuriakos

Lord, Lordship:

from kurios (A, No. 1), signifies "pertaining to a lord or master;" "lordly" is not a legitimate rendering for its use in the NT, where it is used only of Christ; in 1Cr 11:20, of the Lord's Supper, or the Supper of the Lord (see FEAST); in Rev 1:10, of the Day of the Lord (see DAY, No. 1).


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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