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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Mourn, Mourning

Dictionaries :: Mourn, Mourning

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2875 Greek: kopto

Mourn, Mourning:

"to cut or beat," used in the Middle Voice of "beating the breast or head in mourning" (cp. Luk 23:27), is translated "shall mourn" in Mat 24:30.
See BEWAIL, No. 2, CUT, WAIL.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3996 Greek: pentheo

Mourn, Mourning:

"to mourn for, lament," is used

(a) of mourning in general, Mat 5:4; 9:15; Luk 6:25;

(b) of sorrow for the death of a loved one, Mar 16:10;

(c) of "mourning" for the overthrow of Babylon and the Babylonish system, Rev 18:11, 15, RV, "mourning" (AV, "wailing"); Rev 18:19 (ditto);

(d) of sorrow for sin or for condoning it, Jam 4:9; 1Cr 5:2;

(e) of grief for those in a local church who show no repentance for evil committed, 2Cr 12:21, RV, "mourn" (AV, "bewail").
See BEWAIL, No. 3.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2354 Greek: threneo

Mourn, Mourning:

"to lament, wail" (akin to threnos, "a lamentation, a dirge"), is used

(a) in a general sense, of the disciples during the absence of the Lord, Jhn 16:20, "lament;"

(b) of those who sorrowed for the sufferings and the impending crucifixion of the Lord, Luk 23:27, "lamented;" the preceding word is kopto (No. 1);

(c) of "mourning" as for the dead, Mat 11:17, RV, "wailed" (AV, "have mourned"); Luk 7:32 (ditto).
See BEWAIL, Note (1).

Notes:

(1) Trench points out that pentheo is often joined with klaio, "to weep," 2Sa 19:1; Mar 16:10; Jam 4:9; Rev 18:15, indicating that pentheo is used especially of external manifestation of grief (as with kopto and threneo), in contrast to lupeomai, which may be used of inward grief (Syn. xlv); though in Classical Greek pentheo was used of grief without violent manifestations (Grimm-Thayer).

(2) Among the well-to-do it was common to hire professional mourners (men and women), who accompanied the dead body to the grave with formal music and the singing of dirges. At the death of Jairus' daughter male flute players were present, Mat 9:23 (see, however, Jer 9:17).

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3602 Greek: odurmos

Mourn, Mourning:

"lamentation, mourning," is translated "mourning" in Mat 2:18; 2Cr 7:7: see BEWAIL, Note (2).

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3997 Greek: penthos

Mourn, Mourning:

akin to A, No. 2, "mourning," is used in Jam 4:9; Rev 18:7 (twice), RV, "mourning" (AV, "sorrow"); Rev 18:8, "mourning;" Rev 21:4, RV, "mourning" (AV, "sorrow").
See SORROW.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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