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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Preparation, Prepare, Prepared

Dictionaries :: Preparation, Prepare, Prepared

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2091 Greek: hetoimasia

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:


(a) "readiness,"

(b) "preparation;" it is found in Eph 6:15, of having the feet shod with the "preparation" of the Gospel of peace; it also has the meaning of firm footing (foundation), as in the Sept. of Psa 89:14 (RV, "foundation"); if that is the meaning in Eph 6:15, the Gospel itself is to be the firm footing of the believer, his walk being worthy of it and therefore a testimony in regard to it.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3904 Greek: paraskeue

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

denotes "preparation, equipment." The day on which Christ died is called "the Preparation" in Mar 15:42; Jhn 19:31; in Jhn 19:42 "the Jews' Preparation," RV; in Jhn 19:14 it is described as "the Preparation of the Passover;" in Luk 23:54, RV, "the day of the Preparation (and the Sabbath drew on)." The same day is in view in Mat 27:62, where the events recorded took place on "the day after the Preparation" (RV). The reference would be to the 6th day of the week. The title arose from the need of preparing food etc. for the Sabbath. Apparently it was first applied only to the afternoon of the 6th day; later, to the whole day. In regard to the phraseology in Jhn 19:14, many hold this to indicate the "preparation" for the paschal feast. It probably means "the Preparation day," and thus falls in line with the Synoptic Gospels. In modern Greek and ecclesiastical Latin, Parasceve == Friday.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2090 Greek: hetoimazo

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

"to prepare, make ready," is used

(I) absolutely, e.g., Mar 14:15; Luk 9:52;

(II) with an object, e.g.,

(a) of those things which are ordained

(1) by God, such as future positions of authority, Mat 20:23; the coming Kingdom, Mat 25:34; salvation personified in Christ, Luk 2:31; future blessings, 1Cr 2:9; a city, Hbr 11:16; a place of refuge for the Jewish remnant, Rev 12:6; Divine judgments on the world, Rev 8:6; 9:7, 15; 16:12; eternal fire, for the Devil and his angels, Mat 25:41;

(2) by Christ: a place in Heaven for His followers, Jhn 14:2, 3;

(b) of human "preparation" for the Lord, e.g., Mat 3:3; 26:17, 19; Luk 1:17 ("make ready"), 76; 3:4, AV (RV, "make ye ready"); Luk 9:52 ("to make ready"); 23:56; Rev 19:7; 21:2; in 2Ti 2:21, of "preparation" of oneself for "every good work;"

(c) of human "preparations" for human objects, e.g., Luk 12:20, RV, "thou hast prepared" (AV, "provided"); Act 23:23; Phm 1:22.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2675 Greek: katartizo

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

"to furnish completely, prepare," is translated "didst Thou prepare" in Hbr 10:5 (AV, "hast Thou prepared"), of the body of the Lord Jesus.
See FIT, B, No. 3.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2680 Greek: kataskeuazo

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

"to prepare, make ready" (kata, used intensively, skeue, "equipment"), is so translated in Mat 11:10; Mar 1:2; Luk 1:17; 7:27; Hbr 9:2, RV (AV, "made"); Hbr 9:6, RV (AV, "were... ordained"); 11:7; 1Pe 3:20.
See BUILD, No. 5.

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3903 Greek: paraskeuazo

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

"to prepare, make ready" (para, "beside"), is used of making ready a meal, Act 10:10: in the Middle Voice, of "preparing" oneself for war, 1Cr 14:8, RV; in the Passive Voice, of "preparing" an offering for the needy, 2Cr 9:2, "hath been prepared," RV (AV, "ye was ready"); 2Cr 9:3, "ye may be prepared," RV (AV, "ye may be ready").

B-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4282 Greek: proetoimazo

Preparation, Prepare, Prepared:

"to prepare beforehand" (pro, "before," and No. 1), is used of good works which God "afore prepared," for fulfillment by believers, Eph 2:10, RV (AV, "hath before ordained," marg., "prepared"); of "vessels of mercy," as "afore prepared" by God "unto glory," Rom 9:23.


(1) Etymologically, the difference between hetoimazo and paraskeuazo, is that the former is connected with what is real (etumos) or ready, the latter with skeuos, an article ready to hand, an implement, vessel.

(2) In Mar 14:15, AV, hetoimos, "ready," is translated "prepared" (RV, "ready"). It is absent in some mss.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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