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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Travail (Noun and Verb)

Dictionaries :: Travail (Noun and Verb)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3449 Greek: mochthos

Travail (Noun and Verb):

"labor, involving painful effort," is rendered "travail" in 2Cr 11:27, RV (AV, "painfulness"); in 1Th 2:9; 2Th 3:8 it stresses the toil involved in the work.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5604 Greek: odin

Travail (Noun and Verb):

a birth pang, "travail pain," is used illustratively in 1Th 5:3 of the calamities which are to come upon men at the beginning of the Day of the Lord; the figure used suggests the inevitableness of the catastrophe.
See PAIN, No. 2, SORROW.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5605 Greek: odino

Travail (Noun and Verb):

akin to A, No. 2, is used negatively in Gal 4:27, "(thou) that travailest (not)," quoted from Isa 54:1; the Apostle applies the circumstances of Sarah and Hagar (which doubtless Isaiah was recalling) to show that, whereas the promise by grace had temporarily been replaced by the works of the Law (see Gal 3:17), this was now reversed, and, in the fulfillment of the promise to Abraham, the number of those saved by the Gospel would far exceed those who owned allegiance to the Law. Isa. 54 has primary reference to the future prosperity of Israel restored to God's favor, but frequently the principles underlying events recorded in the OT extend beyond their immediate application.

In Gal 4:19 the Apostle uses it metaphorically of a second travailing on his part regarding the churches of Galatia; his first was for their deliverance from idolatry (Gal 4:8), now it was for their deliverance from bondage to Judaism. There is no suggestion here of a second regeneration necessitated by defection. There is a hint of reproach, as if he was enquiring whether they had ever heard of a mother experiencing second birth pangs for her children.

In Rev 12:2 the woman is figurative of Israel; the circumstances of her birth pangs are mentioned in Isa 66:7 (see also Mic 5:2, 3). Historically the natural order is reversed. The Man-child, Christ, was brought forth at His first advent; the travail is destined to take place in "the time of Jacob's trouble," the "great tribulation," Mat 24:21; Rev 7:14. The object in Rev 12:2 in referring to the birth of Christ is to connect Him with His earthly people Israel in their future time of trouble, from which the godly remnant, the nucleus of the restored nation, is to be delivered (Jer 30:7).

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4944 Greek: sunodino

Travail (Noun and Verb):

"to be in travail together," is used metaphorically in Rom 8:22, of the whole creation.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g5088 Greek: tikto

Travail (Noun and Verb):

"to beget," is rendered "travail" in Jhn 16:21.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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