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Westminster Confession of 1646: Of Christ the Mediator

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Chapter VIII. Of Christ the Mediator

I. It pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man, (Isa 42:1; 1Pe 1:19-20; Jhn 3:16; 1Ti 2:5); the Prophet, (Act 3:22); Priest, (Hbr 5:5-6); and King, (Psa 2:6; Luk 1:33); the Head and Saviour of His Church, (Eph 5:23); the Heir of all things, (Hbr 1:2); and Judge of the world, (Act 17:31): unto whom He did from all eternity give a people, to be His seed, (Jhn 17:6; Psa 22:30; Isa 53:10); and to be by Him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified, (1Ti 2:6; Isa 55:4-5; 1Co 1:30).

II. The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature, (Jhn 1:1, 14; 1Jo 5:20; Phl 2:6; Gal 4:4); with all the essential properties, and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin, (Hbr 2:14, 16-17; Hbr 4:15); being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance, (Luk 1:27, 31, 35; Gal 4:4). So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion, (Luk 1:35; Col 2:9; Rom 9:5; 1Pe 3:18; 1Ti 3:16). Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man, (Rom 1:3-4; 1Ti 2:5).

III. The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctified, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, above measure, (Psa 45:7; Jhn 3:34); having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, (Col 2:3); in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell, (Col 1:19); to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth, (Hbr 7:26; Jhn 1:14); He might be thoroughly furnished to execute the office of a mediator, and surety, (Act 10:38; Hbr 12:24; Hbr 7:22). Which office He took not unto Himself, but was thereunto called by His Father, (Hbr 5:4-5); who put all power and judgment into His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same, (Jhn 5:22, 27; Mat 28:18; Act 2:36).

IV. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake, (Psa 40:7-8; Hbr 10:5-10; Jhn 10:18; Phl 2:8); which that He might discharge, He was made under the law, (Gal 4:4); and did perfectly fulfil it, (Mat 3:15; Mat 5:17); endured most grievous torments immediately in His soul, (Mat 26:37-38; Luk 22:44; Mat 27:46); and most painful sufferings in His body, (Mat 26; Mat 27); was crucified, and died, (Phl 2:8); was buried, and remained under the power of death, yet saw no corruption, (Act 2:23-24, 27; Act 13:37; Rom 6:9). On the third day He arose from the dead, (1Co 15:3-5); with the same body in which He suffered, (Jhn 20:25, 27); with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of His Father, (Mar 16:19); making intercession, (Rom 8:34; Hbr 9:24; Hbr 7:25); and shall return, to judge men and angels, at the end of the world, (Rom 14:9-10; Act 1:11; Act 10:42; Mat 13:40-42; Jud 6; 2Pe 2:4).

V. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience, and sacrifice of Himself, which He, through the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of His Father, (Rom 5:19; Hbr 9:14-16; Hbr 10:14; Eph 5:2; Rom 3:25-26); and purchased, not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto Him, (Dan 9:24, 26; Col 1:19-20; Eph 1:11, 14; Jhn 17:2 Hbr 9:12, 15).

VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head; and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world; being yesterday and today the same, and for ever, (Gal 4:4-5; Gen 3:15; Rev 13:8; Hbr 13:8).

VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acts according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself, (Hbr 9:14; 1Pe 3:18); yet, by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature, (Act 20:28; Jhn 3:13; 1Jo 3:16).

VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, He doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same, (Jhn 6:37, 39; Jhn 10:15-16); making intercession for them, (1Jo 2:1-2; Rom 8:34); and revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mysteries of salvation, (Jhn 15:13, 15; Eph 1:7-9; Jhn 17:6); effectually persuading them by His Spirit to believe and obey, and governing their hearts by His Word and Spirit, (Jhn 14:16; Hbr 12:2; 2Co 4:13; Rom 8:9, 14; Rom 15:18-19; Jhn 17:17); overcoming all their enemies by His almighty power and wisdom, in such manner, and ways, as are most consonant to His wonderful and unsearchable dispensation, (Psa 110:1; 1Co 15:25-26; Mal 4:2-3; Col 2:15).



DISCLAIMER: Creeds, catechisms, and confessions do not replace Scripture, nor the authority of Scripture. The creeds, catechisms and confessions are included herein for purposes of reference. Blue Letter Bible aims to provide resources that cover a range of traditional, orthodox, conservative Christianity, for the benefit of all of our users. The inclusion of the creeds, catechisms, and confessions does not necessarily mean that the ministry agrees with each and every point in each, since some are coming from different Christian perspectives of faith, practice and worship. The user may find them useful as tools to assist in understanding or teaching the Scriptures, since they were drafted based upon Scripture. Used in their proper context, they can continue to aid us as much today as they did for our forefathers in centuries past.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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