Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-ReferenceVerse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-VerseReference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate LineSeparate Line
Line-By-Line Verse OnlyVerse Only
Line-By-Line Reference OnlyReference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference DelimitersNone — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference DelimitersSquare — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference DelimitersCurly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference DelimitersParens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-ReferenceVerse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-VerseReference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-OnlyReference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse NumbersNo Number
No Verse DelimetersNo Delimiter — 15
Square Verse DelimitersSquare — [15]
Curly Verse DelimitersCurly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse DelimitersParens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate BooksAbbreviate Books
Use SBL Abbrev.Use SBL Abbrev.
En dash not HyphenEn dash not Hyphen
Quotes Around VersesQuotes Around Verses
Remove Square BracketsRemove Square Brackets
Sort CanonicallySort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Hosea 6

toggle collapse
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences

The Book of Hosea

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET



      At Hsa 6:4 a new discourse, complaining of them, begins; for Hsa 6:1-3 evidently belong to Hsa 5:15, and form the happy termination of Israel's punishment: primarily, the return from Babylon; ultimately, the return from their present long dispersion. Hsa 6:8 perhaps refers to the murder of Pekahiah; the discourse cannot be later than Pekah's reign, for it was under it that Gilead was carried into captivity ( 2Ki 15:29 ).

      1. let us return--in order that God who has "returned to His place" may return to us ( Hsa 5:15 ).
      torn, and. . . heal-- ( Deu 32:39 Jer 30:17 ). They ascribe their punishment not to fortune, or man, but to God, and acknowledge that none (not the Assyrian, as they once vainly thought, Hsa 5:13 ) but God can heal their wound. They are at the same time persuaded of the mercy of God, which persuasion is the starting-point of true repentance, and without which men would not seek, but hate and flee from God. Though our wound be severe, it is not past hope of recovery; there is room for grace, and a hope of pardon. He hath smitten us, but not so badly that He cannot heal us ( Psa 130:4 ).

      2. Primarily, in type, Israel's national revival, in a short period ("two or three" being used to denote a few days, Isa 17:6 Luk 13:32, 33 ); antitypically the language is so framed as to refer in its full accuracy only to Messiah, the ideal Israel ( Isa 49:3; compare Mat 2:15, with Hsa 11:1 ), raised on the third day ( Jhn 2:19 1Cr 15:4; compare Isa 53:10 ). "He shall prolong His days." Compare the similar use of Israel's political resurrection as the type of the general resurrection of which "Christ is the first-fruits" ( Isa 26:19 Eze 37:1-14 Dan 12:2 ).
      live in his sight--enjoy His countenance shining on us, as of old; in contrast to Hsa 5:6, 15, "Withdrawn Himself from them."

      3. know, if we follow on to know the Lord--The result of His recovered favor ( Hsa 6:2 ) will be onward growth in saving knowledge of God, as the result of perseverance in following after Him ( Psa 63:8 Isa 54:13 ). "Then" implies the consequence of the revival in Hsa 6:2. The "if" is not so much conditional, as expressive of the means which God's grace will sanctify to the full enlightenment of Israel in the knowledge of Him. As want of "knowledge of God" has been the source of all evils ( Hsa 4:1 5:4 ), so the knowledge of Him will bring with it all blessings; yea, it is "life" ( Jhn 17:3 ). This knowledge is practice, not mere theory ( Jer 22:15, 16 ). Theology is life, not science; realities, not words. This onward progress is illustrated by the light of "morning" increasing more and more "unto the perfect day" ( Pro 4:18 ).
      prepared--"is sure," literally, "fixed," ordered in His everlasting purposes of love to His covenant-people. Compare "prepared of God" ( Gen 41:32, Margin; Rev 12:6 ). Jehovah shall surely come to the relief of His people after their dark night of calamity.
      as the morning-- ( 2Sa 23:4 ).
      as the rain. . . latter. . . former-- ( Job 29:23 Joe 2:23 ). First, "the rain" generally is mentioned; then the two rains ( Deu 11:14 ) which caused the fertility of Palestine, and the absence of which was accounted the greatest calamity: "the latter rain" which falls in the latter half of February, and during March and April, just before the harvest whence it takes its name, from a root meaning " to gather"; and "the former rain," literally, "the darting rain," from the middle of October to the middle of December. As the rain fertilizes the otherwise barren land, so God's favor will restore Israel long nationally lifeless.

      4. what shall I do unto thee--to bring thee back to piety. What more could be done that I have not done, both in mercies and chastenings ( Isa 5:4 )? At this verse a new discourse begins, resuming the threats ( Hsa 5:14 ). See JF & B for opening remarks on this chapter.
      morning cloud--soon dispersed by the sun ( Hsa 13:3 ). There is a tacit contrast here to the promise of God's grace to Israel hereafter, in Hsa 6:3. His going forth is "as the morning," shining more and more unto the perfect day; your goodness is "as a morning cloud," soon vanishing. His coming to His people is "as the (fertilizing) latter and former rains"; your coming to Him "as the early dew goeth away."

      5. I hewed them by the prophets--that is, I announced by the prophets that they should be hewn asunder, like trees of the forest. God identifies His act with that of His prophets; the word being His instrument for executing His will ( Jer 1:10 Eze 43:3 ).
      by. . . words of my mouth-- ( Isa 11:4 Jer 23:29 Hbr 4:12 ).
      thy judgments--the judgments which I will inflict on thee, Ephraim and Judah ( Hsa 6:4 ). So "thy judgments," that is, those inflicted on thee ( Zep 3:15 ).
      are as the light, &c.--like the light, palpable to the eyes of all, as coming from God, the punisher of sin. HENDERSON translates, "lightning" (compare Job 37:3, Margin; Job 35:15 ).

      6. mercy--put for piety in general, of which mercy or charity is a branch.
      not sacrifice--that is, "rather than sacrifice." So "not" is merely comparative ( Exd 16:8 Joe 2:13 Jhn 6:27 1Ti 2:14 ). As God Himself instituted sacrifices, it cannot mean that He desired them not absolutely, but that even in the Old Testament, He valued moral obedience as the only end for which positive ordinances, such as sacrifices, were instituted--as of more importance than a mere external ritual obedience ( 1Sa 15:22 Psa 50:8, 9 51:16 Isa 1:11, 12 Mic 6:6-8 Mat 9:13 12:7 ).
      knowledge of God--experimental and practical, not merely theoretical ( Hsa 6:3 Jer 22:16 1Jo 2:3, 4 ). "Mercy" refers to the second table of the law, our duty to our fellow man; "the knowledge of God" to the first table, our duty to God, including inward spiritual worship. The second table is put first, not as superior in dignity, for it is secondary, but in the order of our understanding.

      7. like men--the common sort of men ( Psa 82:7 ). Not as Margin, "like Adam," Job 31:33. For the expression "covenant" is not found elsewhere applied to Adam's relation to God; though the thing seems implied ( Rom 5:12-19 ). Israel "transgressed the covenant" of God as lightly as men break everyday compacts with their fellow men.
      there--in the northern kingdom, Israel.

      8. Gilead. . . city--probably Ramoth-gilead, metropolis of the hilly region beyond Jordan, south of the Jabbok, known as "Gilead" ( 1Ki 4:13; compare Gen 31:21-25 ).
      work iniquity-- ( Hsa 12:11 ).
      polluted with blood--"marked with blood-traces" [MAURER]. Referring to Gilead's complicity in the regicidal conspiracy of Pekah against Pekahiah ( 2Ki 15:25 ). See on JF & B for Ho 6:1. Many homicides were there, for there were beyond Jordan more cities of refuge, in proportion to the extent of territory, than on this side of Jordan ( Num 35:14 Deu 4:41-43 Jos 20:8 ). Ramoth-gilead was one.

      9. company--"association" or guild of priests.
      murder by consent--literally, "with one shoulder" (compare Zep 3:9, Margin). The image is from oxen putting their shoulders together to pull the same yoke [RIVETUS]. MAURER translates, "in the way towards Shechem." It was a city of refuge between Ebal and Gerizim; on Mount Ephraim ( Jos 20:7 21:21 ), long the civil capital of Ephraim, as Shiloh was the religious capital; now called Naploos; for a time the residence of Jeroboam ( 1Ki 12:25 ). The priests there became so corrupted that they waylaid and murdered persons fleeing to the asylum for refuge [HENDERSON]; the sanctity of the place enhanced the guilt of the priests who abused their priestly privileges, and the right of asylum to perpetrate murders themselves, or to screen those committed by others [MAURER].
      commit lewdness--deliberate crime, presumptuous wickedness, from an Arabic root, "to form a deliberate purpose."

      10. horrible thing-- ( Jer 5:30 18:13 23:14 ).

      11. an harvest--namely, of judgments (as in Jer 51:33 Joe 3:13 Rev 14:15 ). Called a "harvest" because it is the fruit of the seed which Judah herself had sown ( Hsa 8:7 10:12 Job 4:8 Pro 22:8 ). Judah, under Ahaz, lost a hundred twenty thousand "slain in one day (by Israel under Pekah), because they had forsaken the Lord God of their fathers."
      when I returned the captivity of my people--when I, by Oded My prophet, caused two hundred thousand women, sons, and daughters, of Judah to be restored from captivity by Israel ( 2Ch 28:6-15 ). This prophecy was delivered under Pekah [LUDOVICUS DE DIEU]. MAURER explains, When Israel shall have been exiled for its sins, and has been subsequently restored by Me, thou, Judah, also shalt be exiled for thine. But as Judah's punishment was not at the time when God restored Israel, LUDOVICUS DE DIEU'S'S explanation must be taken. GROTIUS translates, "When I shall have returned to make captive (that is, when I shall have again made captive) My people." The first captivity of Israel under Tiglath-pileser was followed by a second under Shalmaneser. Then came the siege of Jerusalem, and the capture of the fenced cities of Judah, by Sennacherib, the forerunner of other attacks, ending in Judah's captivity. But the Hebrew is elsewhere used of restoration, not renewed punishment ( Deu 30:3 Psa 14:7 ).

Introduction to Daniel ← Prior Book
Introduction to Joel Next Book →
Commentary on Hosea 5 ← Prior Chapter
Commentary on Hosea 7 Next Chapter →

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Verse Tools Arrow
Login to your account

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval


Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

[ Cancel ]← Login to Your Account

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or UsernameUsername or Email Address


← Return to Login

Close LoginCLOSE
Tap to Close