Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-ReferenceVerse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-VerseReference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate LineSeparate Line
Line-By-Line Verse OnlyVerse Only
Line-By-Line Reference OnlyReference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference DelimitersNone — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference DelimitersSquare — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference DelimitersCurly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference DelimitersParens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-ReferenceVerse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-VerseReference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-OnlyReference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse NumbersNo Number
No Verse DelimetersNo Delimiter — 15
Square Verse DelimitersSquare — [15]
Curly Verse DelimitersCurly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse DelimitersParens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate BooksAbbreviate Books
Use SBL Abbrev.Use SBL Abbrev.
En dash not HyphenEn dash not Hyphen
Quotes Around VersesQuotes Around Verses
Remove Square BracketsRemove Square Brackets
Sort CanonicallySort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect
Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Isaiah 50

toggle collapse
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences

The Book of the Prophet Isaiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET



      1. Where. . . mothers divorcement--Zion is "the mother"; the Jews are the children; and God the Husband and Father ( Isa 54:5 62:5 Jer 3:14 ). GESENIUS thinks that God means by the question to deny that He had given "a bill of divorcement" to her, as was often done on slight pretexts by a husband ( Deu 24:1 ), or that He had "sold" His and her "children," as a poor parent sometimes did ( Exd 21:7 2Ki 4:1 Neh 5:5 ) under pressure of his "creditors"; that it was they who sold themselves through their own sins. MAURER explains, "Show the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom. . .; produce the creditors to whom ye have been sold; so it will be seen that it was not from any caprice of Mine, but through your own fault, your mother has been put away, and you sold" ( Isa 52:3 ). HORSLEY best explains (as the antithesis between "I" and "yourselves" shows, though LOWTH translates, "Ye are sold") I have never given your mother a regular bill of divorcement; I have merely "put her away" for a time, and can, therefore, by right as her husband still take her back on her submission; I have not made you, the children, over to any "creditor" to satisfy a debt; I therefore still have the right of a father over you, and can take you back on repentance, though as rebellious children you have sold yourselves to sin and its penalty ( 1Ki 21:25 ).
      bill. . . whom--rather, "the bill with which I have put her away" [MAURER].

      2. I--Messiah.
      no man--willing to believe in and obey Me ( Isa 52:1, 3 ). The same Divine Person had "come" by His prophets in the Old Testament (appealing to them, but in vain, Jer 7:25, 26 ), who was about to come under the New Testament.
      hand shortened--the Oriental emblem of weakness, as the long stretched-out hand is of power ( Isa 59:1 ). Notwithstanding your sins, I can still "redeem" you from your bondage and dispersion.
      dry up. . . sea-- ( Exd 14:21 ). The second exodus shall exceed, while it resembles in wonders, the first ( Isa 11:11, 15 51:15 ).
      make. . . rivers. . . wilderness--turn the prosperity of Israel's foes into adversity.
      fish stinketh--the very judgment inflicted on their Egyptian enemies at the first exodus ( Exd 7:18, 21 ).

      3. heavens. . . blackness--another of the judgments on Egypt to be repeated hereafter on the last enemy of God's people ( Exd 10:21 ).
      sackcloth-- ( Rev 6:12 ).

      4. Messiah, as "the servant of Jehovah" ( Isa 42:1 ), declares that the office has been assigned to Him of encouraging the "weary" exiles of Israel by "words in season" suited to their case; and that, whatever suffering it is to cost Himself, He does not shrink from it ( Isa 50:5, 6 ), for that He knows His cause will triumph at last ( Isa 50:7, 8 ).
      learned--not in mere human learning, but in divinely taught modes of instruction and eloquence ( Isa 49:2 Exd 4:11 Mat 7:28, 29 13:54 ).
      speak a word in season-- ( Pro 15:23 25:11 ). Literally, "to succor by words," namely, in their season of need, the "weary" dispersed ones of Israel ( Deu 28:65-67 ). Also, the spiritual "weary" ( Isa 42:3 Mat 11:28 ).
      wakeneth morning by morning, &c.--Compare "daily rising up early" ( Jer 7:25 Mar 1:35 ). The image is drawn from a master wakening his pupils early for instruction.
      wakeneth. . . ear--prepares me for receiving His divine instructions.
      as the learned--as one taught by Him. He "learned obedience," experimentally, "by the things which He suffered"; thus gaining that practical learning which adapted Him for "speaking a word in season" to suffering men ( Hbr 5:8 ).

      5. opened. . . ear--(See on JF & B for Isa 42:20; Isa 48:8 ); that is, hath made me obediently attentive (but MAURER, "hath informed me of my duty"), as a servant to his master (compare Psa 40:6-8, with Phl 2:7 Isa 42:1 49:3, 6 52:13 53:11 Mat 20:28 Luk 22:27 ).
      not rebellious--but, on the contrary, most willing to do the Father's will in proclaiming and procuring salvation for man, at the cost of His own sufferings ( Hbr 10:5-10 ).

      6. smiters--with scourges and with the open hand ( Isa 52:14 Mar 14:65 ). Literally fulfilled ( Mat 27:26 26:27 Luk 18:33 ). To "pluck the hair" is the highest insult that can be offered an Oriental ( 2Sa 10:4 Lam 3:30 ). "I gave" implies the voluntary nature of His sufferings; His example corresponds to His precept ( Mat 5:39 ).
      spitting--To spit in another's presence is an insult in the East, much more on one; most of all in the face ( Job 30:10 Mat 27:30 Luk 18:32 ).

      7. Sample of His not being "discouraged" ( Isa 42:4 49:5 ).
      set. . . face like. . . flint--set Myself resolutely, not to be daunted from My work of love by shame or suffering ( Eze 3:8, 9 ).

      8. ( Isa 49:4 ). The believer, by virtue of his oneness with Christ, uses the same language ( Psa 138:8 Rom 8:32-34 ). But "justify" in His case, is God's judicial acceptance and vindication of Him on the ground of His own righteousness ( Luk 23:44-47 Rom 1:4 1Ti 3:16, with which compare 1Pe 3:18 ); in their case, on the ground of His righteousness and meritorious death imputed to them ( Rom 5:19 ).
      stand together--in judgment, to try the issue.
      adversary--literally, "master of my cause," that is, who has real ground of accusation against me, so that he can demand judgment to be given in his favor (compare Zec 3:1, &c. Rev 12:10 ).

      9. (Compare "deal," or "proper," Isa 52:13, Margin; Isa 53:10 Psa 118:6 Jer 23:5 ).
      as a garment-- ( Isa 51:6, 8 Psa 102:26 ). A leading constituent of wealth in the East is change of raiment, which is always liable to the inroads of the moth; hence the frequency of the image in Scripture.

      10. Messiah exhorts the godly after His example ( Isa 49:4, 5 42:4 ) when in circumstances of trial ("darkness," Isa 47:5 ), to trust in the arm of Jehovah alone.
      Who is, &c.--that is, Whosoever ( Jdg 7:3 ).
      obeyeth. . . servant--namely, Messiah. The godly "honor the Son, even as they honor the Father" ( Jhn 5:23 ).
      darkness-- ( Mic 7:8, 9 ). God never had a son who was not sometimes in the dark. For even Christ, His only Son, cried out, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"
      light--rather, "splendor"; bright sunshine; for the servant of God is never wholly without "light" [VITRINGA]. A godly man's way may be dark, but his end shall be peace and light. A wicked man's way may be bright, but his end shall be utter darkness ( Psa 112:4 97:11 37:24 ).
      let him trust in the name of the Lord--as Messiah did ( Isa 50:8, 9 ).

      11. In contrast to the godly ( Isa 50:10 ), the wicked, in times of darkness, instead of trusting in God, trust in themselves (kindle a light for themselves to walk by) ( Ecc 11:9 ). The image is continued from Isa 50:10, "darkness"; human devices for salvation ( Pro 19:21 16:9, 25 ) are like the spark that goes out in an instant in darkness (compare Job 18:6 21:17, with Psa 18:28 ).
      sparks--not a steady light, but blazing sparks extinguished in a moment.
      walk--not a command, but implying that as surely as they would do so, they should lie down in sorrow ( Jer 3:25 ). In exact proportion to mystic Babylon's previous "glorifying" of herself shall be her sorrow ( Mat 25:30 8:12 Rev 18:7 ).

Introduction to Song of Solomon ← Prior Book
Introduction to Jeremiah Next Book →
Commentary on Isaiah 49 ← Prior Chapter
Commentary on Isaiah 51 Next Chapter →

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Verse Tools Arrow
Login to your account

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval


Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

[ Cancel ]← Login to Your Account

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or UsernameUsername or Email Address


← Return to Login

Close LoginCLOSE
Tap to Close